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Peter Fairchild's Geni Profile

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Peter Fairchild

Birthdate: (66)
Birthplace: The Oblong Precinct, Dutchess County, New York
Death: June 26, 1828 (66)
Boston, Norfolk County, Ontario, Canada
Place of Burial: Boston, ON, Canada
Immediate Family:

Son of Benjamin Fairchild and Melissa Fairchild
Husband of Sarah Fuller, UEL and Sarah Lane
Father of Molly Fairchild; Cornelius Fairchild; Elizabeth E. Fairchild; Mary *Polly* Adams Nelles; Sarah Fairchild, UEL and 11 others
Brother of Samuel Fairchild; Ruth Fairchild; Mary Fairchild; Benjamin Fairchild, Jr; Deborah Fairchild and 2 others

Managed by: Kimberly Clare Ronson
Last Updated:

About Peter Fairchild

Peter seems to have been a controversial character. For a good dozen years he was the pastor of the Baptist Church at Boston in Norfolk Co., Ontario. His wife, Sarah Fuller, died in 1817 and Peter married Sarah Lane in 1818 (with children to follow). This caused such a stir in the congregation that he lost his job as pastor.

Peter's daughter, Mary's first husband was Uriah Adams. Little is recorded about him but apparently they had no children. Mary then married Abraham Nelles.

They had five children, two of whom married into the Duncombe family. Joseph J. Nelles died in 1875 prior to his father. This photo of him survives.


Baptist minister and head of family at Queensbury, N.Y. in 1790. Peter joined the Royal Army under General Burgoyne in 1777 and remained till the capitualation, when he returned to his father's house, which was at that time within the British lines -- Name and Family of Fairchild.


Info provided by Gayle Barlow, Saratoga NY.

Peter Fairchild, the oldest son of Benjamin Fairchild, Sr., and Melissa Fairchild, was born in the Province of New York, probably Dutchess County, about 1750-56. He was an United Empire Loyalist under General Burgoyne., joining in 1777 and remaining until after the capitulation of Burgoyne, which occurred at Saratoga, New York in October , 1777.

Historical note; in 1777 General John Burgoyne with a troop numbering about twelve hundred men, marched south from Montreal to tae Fort Ticonderoga, at the northern end of Lake George, intending to continue on to Albany. General William Howe moved up the Hudson Valley from New York City, planning to meet Burgoyne in Albany. At the same time Colonel Barry St. Leger advanced from Oswego on Lake Ontario, with a troop of nearly 1700 which included 300 Mohawk Indians under Joseph Brandt, to Oneida Lake and Wood Creek to take Fort Stanwix. This was part of a three pronged attack, which if successful would afford the British control of all the territory from Canada to New York City, completely cutting off New England. Fort Ticonderoga was abandoned to the British July 6, 1777. On July 7, Burgoyne's troops were engaged at Fort Edward 50 miles south of Ticonderoga. St Leger did not arrive at Fort Stanwix until August 7, where after nearly three weeks of fighting he ultimately withdrew, hearing that General Benedict Arnold was advancing to Fort Stanwix with his troop of 950. Thus rendering the three prong attack a failure. Burgoyne however continued to fight and owing to his large numbers, was successful until his surrender at Saratoga, October 17, 1777.

After the surrender of Burgoyne, Peter returned to the "his father's house" which was at the time behind British lines.

He married Sarah Fuller, about the time of the Revolutionary War, probably about 1774 judging from the date of birth of his oldest son, they very likely married in the "Province of New York", although Owen in his "Pioneer Setches of the Long Point Settlement" states Peter and Sarah married in New Jersey. There were members of the Fairchild family in New Jersey during the Revolution, but not the immediate members of Peters family.

The Revolutionary War ended October 17, 1781after seven years of fighting, two years later a treaty was signed in Paris, September 3, 1783 and the thirteen colonies were severed from the British Empire, and were recognized as the United States of America.

The first census of the United States records him as the head of a family in 1790, at Queensbury, N. Y., with one son under 16 years of age and five females in the family one of whom, no doubt was his wife, Sarah (Fuller) Fairchild and the other four would be his daughters. I would speculate that all of his children to this point had been born in New York. Also in this same community was a Benjamin Fairchild certainly the home of his father.

Owen in his History of the Long Point Settlement of Ontario records his fifth daughter, Sarah, as having been born in the pioneer cabin in Ontario, March 26, 1794. She was the first white child born in the County. Other records record that she was the first white child born between the Grand River and Lake Erie. Other children were born to this pioneer couple after settling in Ontario, for as will be seen, he raised a family of five sons and seven daughters.

E. A. Owens, in his Pioneer Sketches of the Long Point Settlement writes as follows with reference to Peter Fairchild: "Elder Peter Fairchild and his wife Sarah Fuller he came with their family and settled in the wilderness about three miles northeast of Boston when the Province of Upper Canada was only about three years old. This would indicate that he settled in Brant County, Ontario. However, he probably settled just south of the Brant County line in Norfolk County, sometime before 1794, probably in 1792 when the other members of his father's family settled in Ontario

Owen also states that he came to Ontario and settled in the wilderness before the surveyor and it was several years before he had a neighbor. The Canadian land records show that he made application for a land grant as early as July 24, 1793, and also on April 18, 1794. He was granted land in Concession 1, lot 17, in Walsingham Township, Norfolk County, Ontario.

From LH Tasker, The United Empire Loyalist Settlement at Long Point, Lake Erie, Ontario Historical Society, Papers and Records.

In 1796 a party from New Brunswick, led by Donald McCall, came west to the Long Point Settlement. He was selected as the leader because he had previously visited the country. Among the party were the Loyalist Lieut Jas Munro and Peter Fairchild. They landed at the mouth of Big Creek on July 1, 1796, and took up land in various localities.

E. A. Owen writes that after other families began to settle in the wilderness near where the Reverend Peter Fairchild and his family had settled, they convened under the trees in the wilderness, October 21, 1804, near the spot where the old graveyard was later located and covenanted with each other towards the organization and building of the "Old Boston Baptist Church." The Reverend Peter Fairchild became the first pastor of this church, a position he held for fourteen consecutive years. This was probably the first church ever built by white men in Ontario, having been built soon after the building of the Mohawk Indian Church by Chief Joseph Brant.

Boston is close to the boundary line between Brant County and Norfolk County, Ontario.

A petition (#2) filed by Peter Fairchild in York Februry 11, 1808 states that he was born in the Province of New York, joined the Royal Army under General Burgoyne in 1777 and remained til the capitulation when he returned to his father's house which was at that time within the British lines. Prays that his name may be inserted on the U.E. list. Thomas Welch says that Peter & Isaac Fairchild of the Township of Townsend, district ol London, were sworn June 10, 1807.

According to T M Fairchild children of the Reverend Peter Fairchild would be of the sixth generation of the American family of Fairchild, and were as follows: Benjamin, Peter, Isreal, Abial, Cornelius, Elizabeth, Esther, Rebecca, Rachel, Ruth, Molly, and Sarah

Peters will (File # 158, MF # 1155) was dated June 22 1828, he was a resident of Townsend, Norfolk County, Ontario. Executors were named as Samuel Fisher, Uriah Corlis and Asher Corlis all of Townsend. Witnesses to the will: James Racey, Esquire, of Mount Pleasant, Robert Stewart, and Isaac C Wheeler both of Townsend.

His children were listed as Benjamin, Elizabeth Smith wife of Jesse, Esther Haviland wife of John, Rebeckah Merrill wife of Joseph, Rachel Tyler wife of John, Ruth Wansey wife of Henry, Sally Yost wife of Willard, Polly Nellis, wife of Abraham, Peter, Abial, Isreal, and Cornelius.

Inventory of estate completed on August 6, 1828 by Aaron Barber and David Phelps ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Fairchild, Benjamin (1721-1794/5) and his wife Melissa Hall lived in "The Oblong," Dutchess County, New York during colonial times then moved upstate to the Queensbury Patent north of Albany. During the American Revolution, Benjamin joined the British forces at Fort Edward. Prior to 1792, his sons Benjamin Jr. and Isaac came to Upper Canada and were joined by the rest of the family in that year. Benjamin Jr. settled in Ancaster Township, Wentworth County then in Niagara. Sons Isaac, Joshua and Reverend Peter Fairchild settled in Townsend Township, Norfolk County. Includes ancestors and five generations of descendants in Norfolk, Oxford and Brant Counties, and in Illinois and Michigan and elsewhere. Descendant surnames included: Post, Smith, Fields, Martin, Midyett, Hensley, House, Graham, Hoover, Roberts, Kinnard, Laird, Peel, Hardy, Wheeler, Broad, Moe, McEwen, Bell, Johnston, Claxton, Kesler

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Peter Fairchild's Timeline

The Oblong Precinct, Dutchess County, New York
Age 17
Age 17
Age 17
Age 17
Age 17
Age 17
Age 23
Ontario, San Bernardino County, California, United States
July 8, 1788
Age 26
New York, NY, USA