About Sir Peter Gerard, of Kingsley & Bryn
"Of Kingsley and Bryn, Lancaster, England"
The Gerrards of Brynne & Wigan
An ancient and powerful land-owning family in Lancashire, particularly around the districts of present-day Wigan. The name Gerrard (sometimes spelt Gerard, Garret, Garrett or Gerart) is an old Anglo-Saxon name meaning "spear carrier" and is recorded in the Doomsday book of 1086. The Fitz-Gerrards of Brynne boasted an ancient ancestry going back to the times of Alfred the Great.
DeBretts identifies the Gerrard family as deriving its origin from the same ancestor as the Duke of Leinster, the Marquess of Lansdowne, the Lords Windsor, and many others. The descendants of Gerald or Gerard, third son of Walter Fitz-Other, continued the surname of Gerard, and eventually settled at the Brynne in Lancashire. Sometime around 1250 William Gerrard inherited Brynne Hall by marriage to the daughter and sole heiress of Peter de Brynne. The family seat Brynne (Bryn) Hall dates from the fourteenth century. Documentation shows that the family owned lands around the Winwick, Standish, Hindley and Ashton-in-Makerfield districts of Lancashire in the mid-16th century.
In 1544 Thomas Gerratt had been made Earl of Hertford at Leith in Scotland and by 1555 William Garrett had become Lord Mayor of London. Subsequent family members became Attorney General and Chancellor of Ireland.
The family name is still recorded by Gerrard's Bridge on the nearby Leeds & Liverpool Canal as well as the Gerrard Arms pub in Aspull. The Gerrard family tomb is at All Saints Church in Wigan.
- Peter Gerard1
- M, #30612, d. before 1380
- Father William Gerard b. c 1322
- Mother Joan de Bryn
- Peter Gerard was born at of Kingsley, Cheshire, Byrn, Lancashire, England. He died before 1380.
- Sir Thomas Gerard+ d. 27 Mar 1416
- John Gerard+ b. c 1370, d. b 1434
- 1.[S9463] Unknown author, The History of the County Palatine and City of Chester, by George Ormerod, 1819, p. 62; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 1079.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1019.htm#i30612
- Burke's genealogical and heraldic history of the peerage, baronetage and ...
- WILLIAM GERARD, who m. the dau. and heir of Peter de Bryn, of Bryn, co Lancaster, and was s. by his son
- SIR PETER GERARD, Knt. of Bryn, temp. EDWARD III., who had three sons,
- 1. Thomas, his heir, whose line failed 1437.
- 2. PETER, whose great grandson, SIR THOMAS GERARD, became the representative of the family.
- 3. John, m. Helen, dau. and heir of Richard de Ince, co. Lancaster, ancestor of GERARD, of Ince, and GERARD, Earl of Macclesfield (extinct).
- Sir Peter d. 1381. His great-great-grandson, above mentioned,
- SIR THOMAS GERARD, Knt. of Bryn, m. Dowse, dau. of Sir Thomas Assheton, Knt. of Assheton-under-Lyme, co. Lancaster, .... etc.
- The Victoria history of the county of Lancaster; (1906)
- (7) .....
- In 1354 half their moiety of the manor was granted by William Gerard and Joan his wife to Peter Gerard and Katherine his wife ; Final Conc. ii, 142. In 1416 it was found that Sir T. Gerard had held a moiety of the manor of Rainhill of the heirs of Henry de Eccleston by knight's service and a rent of 18d. ; but in 1447, in the inquest after the death of Sir Peter Gerard, nothing is said of any manor here, though he had held of John Eccleston 'certain messuages, with all the lands and tenements, rents, and services' belonging to them ; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 123 ; Towneley MS. DD. n. 1465, The manor of Rainhill was included, with other lands there, in a settlement of the Gerard estates made in 1511 ; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 11, m. 246.
- .... etc.
- Alan de Windle III, later called Sir Alan,(6) was acting as juror at various inquests from 1242 onwards.(7) In 1252 William de Ferrers, earl of Derby, was pardoned for a false claim against him,(8) and next year Alan de Windle and Thurstan de Holand joined in resisting an encroachment by the earl.(9) Alan died between 1256 and 1274, and was succeeded by the above-named Peter de Burnhull and his wife Alice, the daughter and heir of Alan.(10) The new lord died before 1292,(11) leaving two sons, both under age ; Peter, the elder, died without issue before 1298, and Alan his brother succeeded.(12) He was living in 1318,(13) but did not enjoy the manor long, for his son Peter was in possession in 1324,(14) but died soon afterwards, when his sisters Joan and Agnes inherited his manors. The former married William Gerard, of Kingsley, in Cheshire, and the latter David de Egerton.(15) Ultimately the whole inheritance was held by the Gerards, so that it may be presumed there was no issue by the other marriage. The manor has descended regularly to the present Lord Gerard of Brynn(16) in Ashton.
- .... etc.
- (16) In 1354 a settlement of the manors of Windle and Rainhill was made by fine between William Gerard and Joan his wife and their son Peter and Catherine his wife ; at that time Joan's sister Agnes was still living, so that the Gerards had only half the Burnhull manors; Katherine, the widow of Peter de Burnhull, was also living, and was in the enjoyment of her dower; Final Conc. ii, 142. Katherine had married Hugh de Venables by the beginning of 1331 ; De Banc. R. 284, m. 119.
- In 1383, Agnes and Katherine being dead, another settlement was made of the same manors by Thomas Gerard, son of Peter, and Maud his wife ; Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 2, m. 29.
- Sir Thomas Gerard, who died in 1416, held Windle by knight's service and the rent of 20d. a year ; Lancs. Inq. p.m. (Chet. Soc), i, 123. The Duchy Feodary of 1483 states that Sir Thomas Gerard then held Windle of Thomas Boteler. For a settlement in 1703 see Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 251, m. 61.
- (17) Kuerden MSS. iv, W. 38. From Sir Thomas Gerard 20d. for Windle appears in the list of Boteler properties in Pal. of Lanc. Feet of F. bdle. 13, m. 142.
- William Gerard of Kingsley (d before 1316)
- Ormerod starts with William as son of Gerard of Hawarden and father of the William who m. Matilda de Glasshowse by Emma de Kingsley. The continuation, which follows BP1934, shows this William as son of William (m. Emma de Kingsley) son of William son of Gerard. Ormerod is therefore missing out a William (son of Gerard & grandfather of this William) and this William. Wotton includes the first William (son of Gerard) but omits this one.
- m. Margaret
- 1. William Gerard of Kingsley & Catenhall (d before 1352)
- m. Matilda de Glasshowse (dau of Henry de Glasshowse of Kingsley)
- A. William Gerard of Kingsley & Catenhall (b c1322)
- m. Joan de Bryn (dau of Peter de Bryn of Brynhill or Brindle)
- i. Sir Peter Gerard of Kingsley & Bryn (d before 1380)
- a. Sir Thomas Gerard of Kingsley & Bryn (d 27.03.1415-6)
- BP1934 shows this Sir Thomas as father of the John who m. Alice le Boteler. Provisionally, we follow Ormerod & Wotton in showing John as son of Thomas's brother Peter.
- (1) .... etc.
- b. Peter Gerard of Kingsley (d 27.03.1415-6)
- m. Isabel Strangeways (dau of Thomas Strangeways)
- NB. There is dispute as to whether Peter or his elder brother, Sir Thomas, was father of ...
- (1) .... etc.
- c. John Gerard
- m. Ellin Ince (dau/heir of Richard de Ince of Ince)
- d. Helen Gerard probably of this generation
- m. Henry Eccleston of Eccleston (a 1399)
- i. Sir Peter Gerard of Kingsley & Bryn (d before 1380)
- B. .... etc.
- Main source(s): BP1934 (Gerard) with support/input from Ormerod (Cheshire, vol 2, 'Gerard of Kingsley and Gerard of Crewood', pp61-62), Wotton (Kimber & Johnson, 1771, vol 1, 'Gerard of Bryn', p31+) with some support from Visitation (Dugdale, Lancashire, 1664-5, 'Gerard of Brynne'), DBART1840 ('Gerard of Bryn')
- From: Stirnet.com
Peter Gerard MP
Birth: 1335 Brynhill Of Brindle, Chorley, Lancashire, England Death: 1380 (45) Kingsley, Cheshire, England Immediate Family:
Son of William Gerard, IV, of Kingsley and Cattenhal, and Joan de Bryn, Heir of Bryn, Husband of Katherine Gerard Father of Sir Thomas Gerard, Knight of Kingsley & Bryn, Earl of Lancaster and John Gerard Brother of Anne Leyston and John Gerard
Sir Peter Gerard, of Kingsley & Bryn's Timeline
Brynhill Of Brindle, Chorley, Lancashire, England
Bryn, Lancashire, , England
Byrne, Lancashire, England
Kingsley, Cheshire, England