Emperor Peter III Романов

Ропша, Санкт-Петербургская Губерния, Российская Империя

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Emperor Peter III Романов

English (default): Emperor Peter III, Russian: Император Всероссийский Пётр III Фёдорович Романов
Also Known As: "Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf-Romanov"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kiel, Holstein, Pru
Death: July 17, 1762 (34)
Ропшский дворец, Ломоносово, Rossia (цареубийство)
Place of Burial: Санкт-Петербург, Rossia
Immediate Family:

Son of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Anna Petrovna Романовa
Husband of Empress and Autocrat of All the Russias Catherine II "The Great" Romanov
Ex-partner of Елизавета Романовна Polyanskaya
Father of Emperor Paul I Романов and Anna Petrovna Петровна Romanova

Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Emperor Peter III Романов

Peter III (21 February [O.S. 10 February] 1728 – 17 July [O.S. 6 July] 1762) (Russian: Пётр III Фëдорович, Pyotr III Fyodorovich) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. He was born in Kiel as Charles Peter Ulrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (German: Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf), the only child of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (the son of Hedvig Sophia of Sweden, sister of Charles XII), and Anna Petrovna (the elder surviving daughter of Peter the Great). The German Peter could hardly speak Russian and pursued a strongly pro-Prussian policy, which made him an unpopular leader. He was deposed and possibly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his German wife, Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, who succeeded him to the throne as Catherine II; however, another theory suggests, his death could also have been the result of a drunken brawl with his bodyguard, whilst he was being held captive after Catherine's coup.[3]

Despite his generally poor reputation, Peter made some progressive reforms. During his short reign, he proclaimed religious freedom (a very progressive move for the time), encouraged education, sought to modernize the Russian army, abolished the secret police which had been infamous for its extreme violence, and made it illegal for landowners to kill their serfs without going to court; however, some of his reforms were soon reverted by Catherine.[4] It has been debated whether Peter was a great tsar who was overthrown by the military and aristocrats to keep their control over the monarchy or an idiotic, weak tyrant.[5] What is certain, though, is that his ambitious wife, Catherine the Great, overshadowed and tarnished his reign.

  • Karl Peter Ulrich prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
  • Russian Tzar: Peter (Pyotr) III Fyodorovitch (Russian: Пётр III Фëдорович)
  • Father: Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
  • Mother: Anna Petrovna of Russia
  • Spouse: Empress Catherine II the Great
  • Issue: Emperor Paul I

Predecessor: Elizabeth Successor: Catherine II

Wikipedia English Deutsch Russian


Peter III Romanov


http://www.wikiwand.com/fi/Pietari_III_(Ven%C3%A4j%C3%A4)


GEDCOM Note

{geni:about_me} Пётр III Фёдорович (урождённый Карл Пе́тер У́льрих, нем. Karl Peter Ulrich, полностью нем. Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf; 10 (21) февраля 1728, Киль — 6 (17) июля 1762, Ропша) — российский император в 1762, первый представитель Гольштейн-Готторп-Романовской династии на российском престоле. C 1745 года — владетельный герцог Гольштейн-Готторпский. Внук Петра I — сын его дочери Анны.

После полугодового царствования свергнут в результате дворцового переворота, возведшего на престол его жену, Екатерину II, и вскоре лишился жизни. Личность и деятельность Петра III долгое время расценивались историками единодушно отрицательно, однако затем появился и более взвешенный подход, отмечающий ряд государственных заслуг императора, который продолжал политику Петра I по укреплению самодержавной власти. Во времена правления Екатерины за Петра Фёдоровича выдавали себя многие самозванцы (зафиксировано около сорока случаев), самыми известными из которых были Емельян Пугачёв и Степан Малый в Черногории.

[https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D1%91%D1%82%D1%80_III]

GEDCOM Note

TSAR OF RUSSIA 1762

GEDCOM Note

In 1741, after the death of his father, he was adopted by an aunt, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. On his accession in 1762, Russia was at war with Prussia under Frederick II, whom Peter greatly admired and quickly signed a treaty, sacrificing all the late Russian gains. This antagonized many Russian nobles and on July 9, 1762, the Imperial Guards overthrew him and placed Catherine on the throne of his stead. Peter, normally erratic, unstable & contemptuous of his Russian subjects, was forced to abdicate, then murdered on July 17th.

GEDCOM Note

In 1741, after the death of his father, he was adopted by an aunt, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. On his accession in 1762, Russia was at war with Prussia under Frederick II, whom Peter greatly admired and quickly signed a treaty, sacrificing all the late Russian gains. This antagonized many Russian nobles and on July 9, 1762, the Imperial Guards overthrew him and placed Catherine on the throne of his stead. Peter, normally erratic, unstable & contemptuous of his Russian subjects, was forced to abdicate, then murdered on July 17th.

GEDCOM Note

In 1741, after the death of his father, he was adopted by an aunt, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. On his accession in 1762, Russia was at war with Prussia under Frederick II, whom Peter greatly admired and quickly signed a treaty, sacrificing all the late Russian gains. This antagonized many Russian nobles and on July 9, 1762, the Imperial Guards overthrew him and placed Catherine on the throne of his stead. Peter, normally erratic, unstable & contemptuous of his Russian subjects, was forced to abdicate, then murdered on July 17th.

GEDCOM Note

In 1741, after the death of his father, he was adopted by an aunt, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna. On his accession in 1762, Russia was at war with Prussia under Frederick II, whom Peter greatly admired and quickly signed a treaty, sacrificing all the late Russian gains. This antagonized many Russian nobles and on July 9, 1762, the Imperial Guards overthrew him and placed Catherine on the throne of his stead. Peter, normally erratic, unstable & contemptuous of his Russian subjects, was forced to abdicate, then murdered on July 17th.

GEDCOM Note

Karl Peter Ulrik Feodorovitj av Holstein-Gottorp föddes i Kiel i Schleswig-Holstein den 21 februari 1728 som son till prinsen och hertigen Karl Fredrik av Holstein-Gottorp och Anna Petrovna (1708-1728) (dotter till Peter den store). Hans mor Annadog några dagar efter hans födsel. När hans far dog 1739 efterträdde han denne som hertig i Holstein-Gottorp.Efter att hans moster Elisabet Petrovna bestigit Rysslands tron kallade hon honom till Ryssland där hon den 18 november 1742 utnämnde honom till sin efterträdare på tronen. Efter ryska kriget 1743 var han även kandidat till den svenska tronen, eftersom Fredrik I var barnlös, och eftersom hattarna därigenom hoppades på billigare fred med Ryssland, men detta avslog han emellertid. Det var dock ingen större förlust förvårat land då han saknade alla regentegenskaper och aldrig mognade till man. Hans vårdslösa uppfostran bidrog nog till detta. Den 1 september 1745, vid sjutton års ålder, gifte han sig med den tyska prinsessan Sophie Friederike Auguste av Anhalt-Zerbst (senare Katarina II, "Katarina den stora").Han var en fanatisk beundrare av Fredrik den store och blev därför av Elisabet avstängd från allt deltagande i regeringen. Den 5 januari 1762 blev han rysk kejsare, och införde en mängd nyttiga reformer och visade sig synnerligen tillmötesgående för alla som under den förra regeringen varit i onåd. Samtidigt visade han ett öppet förakt för Rysslands religion, sederoch bruk och stötte sig särskilt med livregementena, som han hotade att upplösa. Även i hovet stötte han sig genom sin plumphet och genom en mängd fåniga förändringar i etiketten. Han bröt helt med sin mosters utrikespolitik och skyndade sig attsluta kriget med Preussen för att i stället börja ett mot Holsteins gamla fiende Danmark istället. Detta var inte omtyckt och en sammansvärjning bildades och endast ett halvår efter han bestigit tronen blev han avsatt och slängd i fängelse, av sin egen hustru Katarina där han den 17 juli 1762 blev mördad, 34 år gammal.

About Emperor Peter III Романов (English (default))

Peter III (21 February [O.S. 10 February] 1728 – 17 July [O.S. 6 July] 1762) (Russian: Пётр III Фëдорович, Pyotr III Fyodorovich) was Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. He was born in Kiel as Charles Peter Ulrich of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp (German: Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf), the only child of Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (the son of Hedvig Sophia of Sweden, sister of Charles XII), and Anna Petrovna (the elder surviving daughter of Peter the Great). The German Peter could hardly speak Russian and pursued a strongly pro-Prussian policy, which made him an unpopular leader. He was deposed and possibly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his German wife, Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst, who succeeded him to the throne as Catherine II; however, another theory suggests, his death could also have been the result of a drunken brawl with his bodyguard, whilst he was being held captive after Catherine's coup.[3]

Despite his generally poor reputation, Peter made some progressive reforms. During his short reign, he proclaimed religious freedom (a very progressive move for the time), encouraged education, sought to modernize the Russian army, abolished the secret police which had been infamous for its extreme violence, and made it illegal for landowners to kill their serfs without going to court; however, some of his reforms were soon reverted by Catherine.[4] It has been debated whether Peter was a great tsar who was overthrown by the military and aristocrats to keep their control over the monarchy or an idiotic, weak tyrant.[5] What is certain, though, is that his ambitious wife, Catherine the Great, overshadowed and tarnished his reign.

  • Karl Peter Ulrich prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp
  • Russian Tzar: Peter (Pyotr) III Fyodorovitch (Russian: Пётр III Фëдорович)
  • Father: Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
  • Mother: Anna Petrovna of Russia
  • Spouse: Empress Catherine II the Great
  • Issue: Emperor Paul I

Predecessor: Elizabeth Successor: Catherine II

Wikipedia English Deutsch Russian


Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf war von Zarin Elisabeth ernant zum Thronfolger. Er trat zum Russisch-Orthodoxen glauben über. Nahm den Nahm Peter Fjodorowitsch an und wurde Großfürst.


Peter III Romanov (Karl Peter Ulrich)

http://www.wikiwand.com/fi/Pietari_III_(Ven%C3%A4j%C3%A4)

Об Императоре Всероссийском Петре III Фёдоровиче Романове (русский)

Пётр III Фёдорович (урождённый Карл Пе́тер У́льрих, нем. Karl Peter Ulrich, полностью нем. Karl Peter Ulrich von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf; 10 (21) февраля 1728, Киль — 6 (17) июля 1762, Ропша) — российский император в 1762, первый представитель Гольштейн-Готторп-Романовской династии на российском престоле. C 1745 года — владетельный герцог Гольштейн-Готторпский. Внук Петра I — сын его дочери Анны.

После полугодового царствования свергнут в результате дворцового переворота, возведшего на престол его жену, Екатерину II, и вскоре лишился жизни. Личность и деятельность Петра III долгое время расценивались историками единодушно отрицательно, однако затем появился и более взвешенный подход, отмечающий ряд государственных заслуг императора, который продолжал политику Петра I по укреплению самодержавной власти. Во времена правления Екатерины за Петра Фёдоровича выдавали себя многие самозванцы (зафиксировано около сорока случаев), самыми известными из которых были Емельян Пугачёв и Степан Малый в Черногории.

[https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D1%91%D1%82%D1%80_III]

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Emperor Peter III Романов's Timeline

1728
February 21, 1728
Holstein, Pru
February 21, 1728
- June 18, 1739
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
May 16, 1728
Санкт-Петербург, Rossia
1739
June 18, 1739
- July 17, 1762
Age 11
Kiel, Schleswig-Holstein, Germany
1754
September 20, 1754
St. Petersburg, Rossia
1757
December 20, 1757
Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
1762
January 5, 1762
Age 33
Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia
January 5, 1762
- July 9, 1762
Age 33
Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia