Peter Grancer Looney, Sr.
|Birthplace:||Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Death:||Died in Augusta/Botetourt, Virginia, United States|
Son of Robert Looney, Sr. and Elizabeth Looney
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Peter Grancer Looney, Sr.
Entry #1: In 1754, he purchased 250 acres on Craig's Creek.
The four creeks which in sequence ran into the James River were Craig's Creek, Catawba Creek, Looney's Creek and Purgatory Creek. The Roanoke and James Rivers were perhaps 40 miles apart. The nearest fort was Fort Lewis on the Roanoke, near Colonel James Campbell's place. Fort Vause was 12 miles farther, on the South Fork of the Roanoke near Captain James Robinson's place.
In 1756, during the French and Indian War (before his marriage to Margaret), he was a sergeant in Captain Smith's Company and was in a detachment to garrison Fort Vause. It was attacked by Indians and everyone was killed or captured. Lt John Smith was killed and his father Captain John Smith, was captured.
Peter Looney was wounded in the shoulder and captured and held for a year. They were taken to the French-held Fort Detroit. They left Fort Detroit in April 1757 to travel to Fort Niagara. There, Peter and another prisoner, William Philips, escaped from their captors and travelled 200 miles to Oswego, New York and down Mohawk River to Albany. They arrived there July 12, 1757. An account of his ordeal was published in 6-8 September 1757 in the London Chronicle, which incorrectly spelled Peter's surname Lewney.
From Albany, Peter found his way home to Virginia. The House of Burgesses Committee found the "Peter Looney behaved well in defense of the fort, and received a wound in his shoulder, and was taken prisoner and kept in captivity about a year, the enemy taking from his ... a horse, saddle, bridle, rifle, and wearing apparel ..." He was granted 46 pounds, sixteen pence, reimbursement and as a reward for his bravery in defending Fort Vause, was given a grant of 200 acres.
Peter's was held captive for about a year among the French and Indians at Fort Detroit. Peter stated that he was about 23 years of age, had been born in Philadelphia, and was on his way from Albany to Virginia where his parents lived.
Entry #2: Peter Looney, a son of Robert and Elizabeth (Llewellyn) Looney, was born in Philadelphia about 1734. He about six years old when in 1739 or 1740 his parents moved to the James River settlements near Natural Bridge, Virginia.
On March 6, 1754 Peter Looney became indebted to Colonel James Patton. In 1754 and 1755 Colonel Patton contracted with Peter Looney for 8,000 rails and the erection of a fence. In 1756 Peter Luney, Sergeant, was in a detachment under Captain Smith appointed to garrison Fort Vause, one of the western defenses on the upper Roanoke, near the present Lafayette, Montgomery County, Virginia, during the French and Indian War. He was wounded and captured by the Indians when the Fort surrendered on June 25, 1756. In July 1757, Peter gave an account of this adventure to a Philadelphia representative of the London Chronicle or Universal Evening Post. The edition of this London paper for September 6-8, 1757 gives a detailed account of the adventures of "Peter Lewney who, for about a year past has been among the French and Indians at Fort Detroit, and informs as follows, viz., that he was an Ensign of a Company of Rangers in the back parts of Virginia, consisting of 70 men, commanded by Captain John Smith. That last summer . . ., etc." In short Lewney was carried to Detroit where 300 French families lived. An Indian King adopted Lewney as a brother and he sat in their councils. He heard the French commander order Indians to go to Fort Dequesne and to Fort Cumberland and destroy all the English inhabitants. The Indians and some French left in April 1757. Lewney left Detroit with Indians going 280 miles to Niagara with furs to purchase Indian goods. The French had 30 men at the Fort at the Falls and 300 men with 24 guns at Fort Niagara. A French force of 280 men arrived on their way to Fort Duquesne. Lewney met Wm. Philips, who was captured at Oswego, New York, and agreeing to escape, they traveled 200 miles to Oswego without seeing an Indian. Thence they proceeded to the Mohawk River where they received food from friendly Indians. They arrived at Albany on July 12, 1757. Lewney went to Virginia where his parents lived. "He was born in this town, and is about 23 years of age." (See Mississippi Valley History Review 13 pp 15, 76, 95). Peter Looney was still indebted to (the estate of) James Patton on February 17, 1758; indebted as of March 6, 1754. Apparently Peter made claims for recompense for the losses (horse, saddle, bridle, rifle, etc.) Which he sustained at Fort Vause, and a committee recommended that he should receive £46:16 as recompense and as a reward for his bravery. (See Journal of House of Burgesses. 1758- 1761), pp 221, 229). Peter married Margaret Lauderdale about 1759. Margaret was a daughter of James Maitland Lauderdale.
On October 11, 1759, Peter and his brother David signed an agreement with their father regarding inheritance of his lands in return for building a house and for their proposed care of their parents.
On December 11, 1759, Peter Luney, Thomas Ramsey and John Potts appraised the estate of Robert Clark. On March 13, 1760, Peter Luney was one of the witnesses of John Bowen's will. Peter Looney must have died between March 13 and April 13, 1760 when Peter Looney, heir at law of Peter Looney, deceased, proved to the Augusta County court that the said Peter Looney, deceased, served as a sergeant until taken prisoner by the Indians in the year 1756, etc., and that he never proved such service nor obtained any land. However, it is not yet certain that this proof of service was made before 1761 instead of 1760. For example, it was not until November 8, 1760 that Margaret Luney (with James Litherdale and James Mills) gave bond as admx of Peter Luney (Will Book 2, p 421). Errors concerning new and old style dates may be involved.) The appraisement of Peter Luney's estate, made by George Adams, Thomas Ramsey, and Robert Montgomery, was not recorded until August 18, 1761. On May 18, 1762, Robert Breckinridge was appointed guardian to Peter Looney, an infant, in order to prosecute a suit in Chancery against his grandfather. In June 1763 there is record of a suit vs Haines by "Margaret Luney, relict of Peter Luney, 1761". Margaret (Lauderdale) Looney married James McCain, probably before November 18, 1767 when James Ledderdale asked counter security from Margaret Looney, admx of Peter Looney, since intermarried with James McKain. On March 16, 1768, James McKain and Jonathan Smith gave bond to James Ledderdale to secure Ledderdale who, with John Mills, now dead, was surety of Margaret Looney as admx of Peter Looney. On the same day a final account of the estate of Peter Looney by James McCain and Margaret, his wife, showed cash payments to Daniel Smith, Robert Looney, Abraham (probably Absalom) Looney and David Looney, etc. On March 17, 1768 Jonathan Smith gave bond, with Joseph Luney, as guardian to Peter Looney, orphan of Peter Looney. On 22 Mar 1768 an order summoning James McCain and Margaret (Looney, wife of Peter) was dismissed. In June 1769 there was recorded a judgment as of January 22, 1768, in favor of Margaret Cain, formerly Margaret Looney, wife of Peter Looney, deceased, vs Robt. Breckenridge.