Peter de Brus, III
|Also Known As:||"Peter de Brus", "Piers de Brus"|
|Birthplace:||Skelton Castle, North Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)|
|Death:||Died in Skelton Castle, North Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)|
|Place of Burial:||Guisborough, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom|
Son of Peter ll de Brus, of Skelton and Danby and Hawise de Lancaster, Heiress of Kendal
|Occupation:||Master of Skelton, Baron of Skelton|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Peter de Brus, III
From the Celtic Casimir online family tree:
Peter III DE BRUS Master of Skelton 593,899,8752,8753
Born: Abt 1221, Skelton Castle, Yorkshire, England
Died: Before 28 Sep 1272 8752
1. Alt. Death; 1241, (dvp).
Peter married Hillaria (Hillary) DE MANLEY 899. (Hillaria (Hillary) DE MANLEY was born about 1223 in Manley, Runcorn, Cheshire, England.)
From Darryl Lundy's Peerage page on Sir Piers de Brus III:
Sir Piers de Brus III1
M, #137760, d. 18 September 1272
Last Edited=3 Jan 2005
Sir Piers de Brus III was the son of Sir Piers de Brus II and Hawise FitzReinfrid.1 He died on 18 September 1272.1
Sir Piers de Brus III lived at Danby, Yorkshire, England.1 He lived at Skelton Castle, Yorkshire, England.1
1.[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 83. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
SKELTON - IN - CLEVELAND
1200 - Peter de Brus I of Skelton Castle gave up his interest in the lordship of 'Berdesey, Colingham and Ringston' and paid King John £1000 for the lordship and forest of Danby.
'Rotuli de Oblatis' 1200:-
'Peter de Brus has restored and quit-claimed to our Lord the King and his heirs for ever, the vills of Berdsey and Colingham and Rington, with all their appurtenances, as well in advowsons of churches, as in demesne lands, fees, homages, services, reliefs, and in all other matters to the said vills pertaining, without any reserve, in exchange for the vill of Daneby, with all its appurtenances, and the forest of Daneby, which the King has restored to the said Peter and his heirs, to be held of hm and his royal heirs by the service of one knight, in lieu of the aforesaid vills which King Henry, the father of the now king, had formerly given to Adam de Brus, the father of the said Peter, in exchange for the said vill and forest of Daneby.
And the said Peter is to deliver over to our lord the King the aforesaid vills free and quit from all those who have been enfeoffed in them by himself or his said father during the time they had been held by them or either of them.
And in consideration of the eager desire entertained by the said Peter for the compassing of this exchange, and at his instant prayer for the same, he has induced our lord the King to receive from him one thousand pounds sterling, two hundred and fifty marks [one mark = 13s 4d] whereof is to be paid into the Treasury at Easter now instant, and thereafter two hundred and fifty from Treasury- term to term, until the whole shall have been paid up.
As Pledges for the fulfulment hereof, William de Stuteville stands bound in 100 marks; Henry de Nevill in 60 marks; Hugo Bard in 40 marks; Robert de Ros in 200 marks; Eustace de Vesci in 200 marks; Robert Fitzroger in 100 marks.
And the said Peter's bond is delivered to William de Stuteville, who together with Robert de Ros and Eustace de Vesci, undertakes that the said Peter, at the first ensuing Court of the County of York, shall find sufficient pledges for the remainder of his obligation, and such that our lord the King shall obtain full satisfaction for the same'
While Peter de Brus I was guardian of the area round Hartlepool for his cousin Robert, he claimed some wrecks of the coast which had been taken by the Bishop of Durham's servants.
For this he was fined 50 shillings and in response took captive one of the bishops men, Gerard de Seaton, and locked him up in Skelton Castle.
For this he was excommunicated by the Bishop, who was named Poor, and fined a further 20 pounds by the justices.
Peter's father-in-law, William, the Earl of Albemarle intervened with the Bishop and had the sentences quashed on condition the Bishop had total rights to sea wrecks.
Peter gave moorland and woodland between Guisborough and Danby to Guisborough Priory, retaining the right of common pasture and hunting.
He also donated Glaisdale moor and 'Swineheved', Rosedale head, for pasture for cattle and timber supplies.
At a later date he gave his smithy at Glaisdale with the right of taking iron ore anywhere within the Glaisdale area.
1204 - To 1205. This winter was one of the severe winters of history and many rivers were frozen completely;
The frost prevented ploughing and all agricultural work was suspended from 14th January to 22nd March, the winter seed was destroyed and there was widespread famine.
1207 - Peter I acquired the Liberty of Langbaurgh, thus becoming Lord and Chief Bailiff of the Wapentake of Langbaurgh.
By this the crown allowed him the right to certain fees, tolls, control of weights and measures, to hold certain courts.
1214 - King John called upon his barons to aid him in his war with France, but many and most of the northern ones no longer had any landed interests in France and declared they were not bound to give their service.
In July John was defeated in the battle of Bouvines in present day Belgium and lost his continental possessions.
1215 - In January the northern barons [including Peter de Brus] forced King John to sign the Magna Carta at Runnymede.
In September John acquired a mercenary force from France and waged war on his barons.
William de Brus, the 3rd Lord of Annandale in Scotland was brought to Guisborough and buried in the Priory along with his family. At some unknown date his wife, Christiana was buried alongside him.
1216 - In January king John moved north against the rebellious barons.
He operated out of Knaresborough Castle, which was then and is still Crown property.
'He began to lay waste the northern parts of England, to destroy the castles of the barons, or compel them to submit to his order, burning without mercy all their towns, and oppressing the inhabitants with tortures to extort money.'
On the 6th February John was at Guisborough:-
'Peter de Brus has Letters of safe conduct from King John to last from the Sunday next after the Purification of the Blessed Virgin for the eight following days, issued from Gyseburn'.
From the 8th to the 10th the king attacked and took Skelton Castle.
Peter de Brus's men were taken prisoner.
On the 15th John agreed to receive Peter de Brus and Robert de Ros under safe conduct:-
'with all such as they should bring with them unarmed, to a conference, to treat with him about making their peace with him; and the said safe conduct shall hold good for one month from St Valentine's day.
And for greater security our lord the King wills that ….Archdeacon of Durham, Wydo de Fontibus, Frater Walter, Preceptor of the Templars in the district of Yorkshire, with one of Hugh de Bailloel's retinue, shall go with them in person to the Lord King, and escort them; and they have Letters Patent from the King to that effect;
and the said letters are the same day handed to the aforesaid parties, Thomas, Canon of Gyseburn, being further added to their numbers'
On the 26th king John issued the following mandate:- 'We command you that you receive and see to the safe keeping of the prisoners whose names are underwritten, taken at Skelton Castle, who will be sent to you by Dame Nicholas de Haya -
that is to say, Godfrey de Hoga, Berard de fontibus, Anketil de Torenton, Robert de Molteby, Stephen Guher, William de Lohereng, Robert de Normanby, Roger le Hoste, Robert de Gilling, John de Brethereswysel, Thomas Berard'sman and Ralph de Hoga'
In July and August the king issued further orders that prisoners taken at Skelton Castle should be ransomed.
Prince Louis of France invaded England at the invitation of the dissatisfied barons and Peter de Brus with Robert de Ros and Richard de Percy rebelled and brought Yorkshire under their control.
Death of John and accession of Henry III.
1219 - Peter de Brus recovered Carlton and other manors in Cleveland.
1222 - Peter de Brus I died and was buried at Guisborough Priory.
He was succeeded by his son, also called Peter.
Peter de Brus, III's Timeline
Skelton Castle, North Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)
North Yorkshire, England
September 18, 1272
Skelton Castle, North Yorkshire, England, (Present UK)
Guisborough, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom