About Philander Raymond
Philander Raymond, was born on March 9, 1794 at Sherburne, Chenango County, New York and died at his residence, at Locust Grove in Bowling Green, Plain Township, Wood County, Ohio on December 2, 1868 and was buried in Madison, Ohio. He was thrice married, fathering 11 children.
He was the founder of the Great Western Iron Works which opened at Brady's Bend, Armstrong County, Pennsylvania in December 1839, manufacturing "strap rails" for railways.
In 1844, the iron works was acquired by the Brady's Bend Iron Company, which added a second, third and fourth blast furnace along with additional forges and rolling mills. In 1846, the Brady's Bend Iron Company became the first iron works west of the Alleghenies to produce T-Rails, using the Bessemer process, which became the industry standard. The company had been known for its innovations since it founding and built the first vertically integrated rolling mill in the United States. This pioneering time and labor saving design would eventually be adopted by all rolling mills. He was the superintendent of the Company from 1839 to 1850. The Brady's Bend Iron Company was, at one time, the largest of the U.S. iron industries plants of the 19th century.
He was a conductor, agent and station master in the Underground Railroad and was associated with Horace Ensign (was a conductor, agent and station master), Emerson Wadsworth Brewster (station master), James G. Birney, John Rankin (abolitionist), Dr. Patrick Wells Gray (a son of Diantha Burritt and John Gray), Joshua R. Giddings, Benjamin F. Wade and William Lloyd Garrison. His work as the superintendent of the Brady's Bend Iron Company gave him the opportunity to travel to every State and territory in the Union and take an important role in the Underground Railroad.
It was said of him that he had the capacity of great undertakings and brilliant leadership. He was one of the founders of the city of Toledo, Ohio. and he was prominently engaged in the Abolitionist movement. One who knew him well said: "He was a fine looking man, very gentlemanly and genial, with a remarkable mental and moral development."