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About Captain Philip Fulkerson
Captain Philip FULKERSON
in the American Revolution
Line of Descent:
Guillaume VIGNE and Adrienne CUVELIER
Dirck VOLCKERTSZEN and Christine VIGNE
Volkert DIRCKS and Annetje PHILLIPS
Philip VOLKERSE and Ann VAN CLIEFT
Volkert FOLKERTSON and Femmetje BUYS
Folkert (Fulkard) FULKERSON and Maria BOGART
Captain Philip FULKERSON
Somerset County Militia
Philip Fulkerson was born at New Brunswick, New Jersey, on 23 Mar 1753. He had a brother John, who was also known to be a Revolutionary War soldier. There were two other brothers, Volkert and Jacob, and a sister Jannetje. Philip married Elizabeth Bruner about 1775. He was commissioned as a Captain in the 2nd Battalion of Colonel Quick's Regiment, Somerset County Militia, almost a year before the Declaration of Independence. One account states he began his service "prior to 1 July 1, 1776" while another states he commanded the 2nd Battalion in October 1775, and a third states he "commanded his company in service in New York, March 1776."
The Somerset County Militia was formed and led by Frederick Frelinghuysen, son of an old New Amsterdam family. (He was also a member of the Continental Congress in 1778 and 1782-83, and was a United States Senator 1793-1796.) According to various accounts, the Somerset County Militia was involved in the following events during the Revolution:
Battle of New York, NY 29 June - 16 October 1776
Battle of White Plains, NY 28 October 1776
Washington's Crossing of the Delaware, PA-NJ 25 December 1776
Battle of Trenton, NJ 26 December 1776
Battle of Brandywine, PA 11 September 1777 (unconfirmed)
Battle of Germantown, PA 3 October 1777 (unconfirmed)
Valley Forge, PA Winter 1777-78
Battle of Monmouth, NJ 28 June 1778
Philip was a prisoner of war confined to New York, in September and October 1777. [He may have been captured at the Battle of Brandywine in which Washington had more than 1,000 men killed, wounded or captured. There were "Jerseymen" in Washington's 11,000-man army at that time.] A further record adds that he continued as "Commander of the Second Battalion, Somerset Co., New Jersey militia from 1777-1780." However, there were no other major battles in the northern colonies after Monmouth. He served under Colonel Van Dike, beginning September 1779. His final mustering out was recorded as "Certificate No. 1316 for 22 pounds 5 shillings and No. 982 for 11 pounds 2 shillings, depreciate of his continental pay in the Somerset Co. Militia, dated May 10, 1784 and signed by William Verbryck."
The pension application of Daniel Covertt Sr., born in Somerset Co., NJ, dated September 3, 1832, stated he "volunteered Oct. 1775 in the New Jersey Militia for 5 months under Capt. Philip Fulkerson, Col. Frelinghuysens' Regiment, and that this unit was used to surprise torries [Tories]." His own account states,
"I volunteered in Capt. Fulkerson's company of Col. Quick's Regt. of the Flying corps troops, marched to Amboy and served one month. I was stationed in Newark and once in the city of New York and when Gen Washington retreated from New York, my company again retreated to Newark. When the Declaration of Independence was read I volunteered for two months in Henry Valargas Company and in June 1778 I was in Col. Quick's Regt. at the Battle of Monmonth when we were stationed as a means on the flank of the main army. Capt. Fulkerson was my captain in the year 1779. I was again stationed at Hackensack under Capt. Fulkerson. I removed to Kentucky in 1790. "
Philip did not remain in New Jersey after the war ended, but moved on to the Kentucky frontiers. Kentucky had been explored by John Finley, Daniel Boone and other hunters before 1770. Small bands of settlers soon followed. In 1776 the Virginia Assembly created
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Kentucky County, with virtually the same boundaries as the current State of Kentucky. Virginia subdivided this region into three counties in 1780 - Fayette, Lincoln and Jefferson - and began making grants of "Military Land" to veterans of the Revolution. These grants were issued one at a time by legislative action, with the size of the grant based on the veteran's rank and service record. About 400 grants were authorized by the Virgina legislature.
On 20 April 1782, Philip obtained a land patent, Warrant No. 1024, for 250 acres on Pottinger's Creek in Jefferson Co., VA. After Kentucky was admitted to the Union in 1792, the part of Jefferson County where Philip lived became Nelson County. [One account states he received this tract of land "from Henry Lee, Governor of Virginia." Lee, the famed "Light Horse Harry Lee" of the Revolution and the father of Robert E. Lee, did not become Virginia's governor until 1791. However, the land grant may have been verified by Virginia in order to be transferred and recorded in the new state in 1792.]
Philip moved to Mercer Co., KY, by 1792. In February 1792 Philip and his brother Jacob were appointed by the court of Mercer Co. to appraise the estate of John Gordon. In 1799 his father, Fulkard, bequeathed him a "equal" share of 450 acres of land and also named him one of the executors of his will. In 1803 Daniel Tichenor, Sr. chose Philip and his brother Jacob to witness his will. He moved to Ohio Co. about 1803, as he showed up on the tax list in that county in 1804.
Philip and Elizabeth sold their Nelson County land on 18 January 1807 to Daniel L. Morrison for the sum of $100. In that deed it was described as a
"...parcel of land situated lying in the the county of Nelson on Pottingers Creek being a tract patented to said Philip Fulkerson by the State of Virginia on the 20th of April 1782 containing two hundred and fifty acres and bounded as follows:
ToWit: Beginning at a hickory and two sugar trees corner to Pottingers and Simmins then with Simmins line north sixty-eight degrees west three hundred and eighteeen poles to a white oak and dogwood thence south six- teen and a half degrees west three hundred poles to two blacks oaks and a dogwod corner to said Pottingers survey then with his line north fifty eight degrees west one hundred and eighty polies to two white oaks and a hickory thence North eighty five degrees east two hundred and thirty poles to the beginning."
In the same year, 1807, he bought from Daniel L. Morrison 500 acres on the waters of Green River in Ohio Co. This became his land at Pond Run. The Pond Run (Baptist) Church was founded, primarily by his children, on one acre of this property in 1820. Philip died in Ohio Co., prior to the date his will was recorded, June 21, 1813.
Will of Philip FULKERSON, dated June 21, 1813
Will of PHILIP Fulkerson, asks that all just debts be paid. Gives to beloved wife ELIZABETH Fulkerson the tracts of land on which he now lives, with all the appurtenances, until his son JACOB Fulkerson shall arrive at the age of 21 years, and at that time all of the aforesaid plantation to go to him, reserving at the same time to testator's wife ELIZABETH her right of dower, including the dwelling house and part of the orchard (should she be alive at that time). Wife, ELIZABETH, to have all of the household and kitchen furniture except such things as may hereafter be otherwise disposed of, also two horses, a sorrel and bald, and two mares, Juel, a bay and a black, five cows and two heiffers, all of the farming utensils and all the hogs except the surplus pork that may be merchantable the ensuing fall. At wife's death, all that part of the estate bequeathed to her shall be disposed of by the executors hereafter appointed.
To son ADAM Fulkerson, 22 1/2 acres of land where he now lives, agreeable to a survey made by JOSHUA CROW.
To son PHILIP Fulkerson, 100 acres of land to adjoin FULKERD Fulkerson's tract, and to run parallel to the full length of said Fulkerd's line.
To son FULKERD Fulkerson, 100 acres out of a survey made by Joshua Crow, to adjoin his brother Philip.
To son JOHN Fulkerson, all the balance of the 500 acre tract deeded to testator by Daniel L. Morrison and others, except 86 acres lying on the west of Fulkerd's 100 acre survey, and 40 acres at the southeast corner, and of this, SAMUEL ROBERTSON [husband of Philip's daughter Jenny] to have 29 of the 86 acres, together with 71 acres agreeable to a survey laid off by J. Crow, including the plantation whereon he now lives.
To REED MCGREW, 50 acres of land whereon he now lives, agreeable to a survey made by J. Crow.
To the heirs of testator's brother, JACOB Fulkerson, 50 acres of land agreeably to a survey made by said J. Crow. To brother JOHN Fulkerson 40 acres to be laid in a square at the southeast corner of the tract. All of the aforesaid being contained in 500 acres deeded by said Morrison on the waters of Green River.
Further that son ADAM have 28 acres of the 86 acres and to be laid adjoining Samuel Robertson's 29 acres.
To daughter RACHEL Fulkerson one featherbed, bedstead, and furniture, one cow and calf, one square table made of cherry plank, one linen wheel, six plates, one pot, one dutch oven, and one set of knives and forks.
To daughter BETSEY Fulkerson one featherbed and bedstead and furniture, one cow and calf, one linen wheel, six plates, one pot, one dutch oven and one set of knives and forks.
To daughter PERMEALY Fulkerson, one featherbed and bedstead and furniture, one cow and calf, one linen wheel, six plates,one pot, one dutch oven and one set of knives and forks.
Further to son JOHN Fulkerson one young horse, two years old last spring, or a young stud horse, three years old last spring, whichever the said JOHN may choose.
All the lands on the northeast side of the Ohio River held by deed or otherwise, and all the land in the State of Kentucky, to wit, a tract on the south side of Toling Fork, about 28 acres, part of the tract conveyed by said D. L. Morrison on the waters of the Green River and adjoining FULKERD Fulkerson's 100 acres on the west, to be sold, together with any other parts of his personal estate not otherwise disposed of, either at private or public sale, on a credit as the Executors may allow. The proceeds to be equally divided between all of his children.
If the articles bequeathed to daughters RACHEL, BETSEY, and PERMEALY, should not be on hand when they want them, they are to be procured out of any sales of the estate.
Appoints friends GEORGE SMITH, WILLIAM ROGERS, and son FULKERD Fulkerson, as Executors. June 21, 1813.
SAMUEL NEAL and GEORGE COLEMAN, witnesses.
Probated August Court 1813.
The executors named in the will qualified, entering into bond of $2000 with JOHN BARNES their surety.
Captain Philip Fulkerson's Timeline
Province of North Carolina
March 23, 1753
New Brunswick, Somerset, New Jersey, USA
Somerset, NJ, USA
January 1, 1785
Somerset, New Jersey, USA
Beaver Dam, Ohio, Kentucky, USA