Philip Pendleton Barbour, Speaker of the House, Justice of the US Sup. Ct.

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Philip Pendleton Barbour

Birthdate: (57)
Birthplace: Orange Co, VA
Death: February 24, 1841 (57)
Washington, DC
Place of Burial: Congressional Cemetery Washington District of Columbia
Immediate Family:

Son of Col. Thomas Sr Barbour and Mary Pendleton Thomas
Husband of Frances Todd Barbour
Father of Septimus Barbour; Dr. Sextus Barbour; Quintus Barbour; Dr. Thomas Barbour; Elizabeth Ambler and 2 others
Brother of James Barbour, Gov., US Senator, 11th U.S. Secretary of War; Eleanor Madison Nalle; Sarah Pendleton Gray; Thomas Barbour, Jr. and Mary Bryan

Managed by: Private User
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About Philip Pendleton Barbour, Speaker of the House, Justice of the US Sup. Ct.

Philip Pendleton Barbour (May 25, 1783 – February 25, 1841) was a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the brother of Virginia governor and U.S. Secretary of War James Barbour as well as the first cousin of John S. Barbour and first cousin, once removed of John S. Barbour, Jr..

Barbour was born near Gordonsville, Orange County, Virginia. He attended common and private schools and graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Virginia, in 1799. A year later he was admitted to the bar, and began practicing law in Bardstown, Kentucky. In 1801, he moved his law practice to Gordonsville in Orange County, Virginia.

Barbour started his public life as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1812 to 1814. When U.S. Representative John Dawson died, Barbour won the special election to fill the seat, and served as a Democratic-Republican in the U.S. House of Representatives from September 19, 1814 to March 4, 1825, reaching the office of Speaker from 1821 to 1823.

He declined to run for re-election in 1824 and turned down an offer to become the professor of law in the University of Virginia in 1825. Instead, he was appointed a judge of the general court of Virginia and served for two years, resigning in 1827 to return to his seat in the House of Representatives as a Jacksonian. For the first two years of his second stint in the House, he was chair of the U.S. House Committee on the Judiciary. In 1829 he was president of the Virginia constitutional convention while remaining a Representative.

Federal judicial service

Barbour turned down offers of a chancellorship and the post of U.S. Attorney General before finally resigning October 15, 1830 to accept President Jackson's appointment to be judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia. Jackson appointed Barbour by recess appointment on October 8, 1830, to a seat on that court vacated by George Hay. Barbour was formally nominated on December 14, 1830, and two days later he was confirmed by the Senate, and received his commission., where he served until March 17, 1836.

Barbour continued to receive offers: he refused nominations for judge of the court of appeals, for Governor, and for United States Senator. Finally, he was offered appointment to the U.S. Supreme Court. Nominated by Jackson on December 28, 1835, to a seat vacated by Gabriel Duvall, Barbour was confirmed, and received his commission, on March 15, 1836. Barbour served until his death in Washington, D.C., on February 25, 1841.

He built a large and graceful brick home in Orange County, Virginia called "Frascati". Historians often say that he was born at "Frascati", but it did not exist at his birth. His brother, James Barbour, also build a beautiful plantation house. His was designed by Thomas Jefferson. One can see the Jeffersonian influence in Frascati as it is very much like Barboursville and was erected by the same workmen who built the University of Virginia and Barboursville. Unfortunately, the homes of both Barbours were destroyed by fire.

Philip Pendleton Barbour was buried in the Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

Places named for Philip Barbour

Barbour County, West Virginia

Philippi, West Virginia

Philip Barbour High School in Philippi, West Virginia

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court and statesman

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Philip Pendleton Barbour, Speaker of the House, Justice of the US Sup. Ct.'s Timeline

May 25, 1783
Orange Co, VA
October 8, 1805
Age 22
Orange Co, VA
April 17, 1807
Age 23
Orange Co, VA
October 13, 1808
Age 25
Orange Co, VA
October 26, 1810
Age 27
Orange Co, VA
January 13, 1812
Age 28
Orange Co, VA
July 26, 1813
Age 30
Orange Co, VA
May 5, 1815
Age 31
Orange Co, VA
February 24, 1841
Age 57
Washington, DC