Pierre I, comte de Savoie

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Pierre de Maurienne, I

Birthdate: (30)
Birthplace: Savoy, France
Death: circa August 9, 1078 (22-38)
Immediate Family:

Son of Oddon Count of Savoy, Maurienne, and Chablais and Adelaida di Susa, Marchese di Turino
Husband of Agnes d'Acquitaine
Father of Agnes de Savoie
Brother of Amédée II, count of Savoy; Oddone di Savoia; Bertha of Savoy and Adelaide de Maurienne (de Savoie, di Susa)
Half brother of Gebhard I, count of Sulzbach; Richwara / Rixa von Schwaben; Hermann I Count of Kasti; Berengar im bayerischen Nordgau and Richardis Luitpold

Occupation: Greve i Savojen och markgreve i Turin
Managed by: Scott David Hibbard
Last Updated:

About Pierre I, comte de Savoie


PIERRE de Savoie ([1047/49]-killed 9 Aug 1078). "Hubertus comes" donated property to the canons of Saint-Jean and Saint-Urse by charter dated 1040, signed and consented to by "Oddo, Amedeus comes, Aymo Sedunensis episcopus, Brochardus filius Huberti comitis, Petrus marchio filius Odonis marchionis et commitissæ"[84]. "Oddo et uxor mea Adalaicis…et filii mei Petrus Admedeus et filie mee" donated churches to Oulx by charter dated May 1057[85]. He succeeded his father in 1060 as PIERRE I Comte de Savoie, Aosta, Maurienne et Chablais, Marchese di Susa, under the regency of his mother until 1064. "Dominus Petrus Marchio filius quond. bonæ memoriæ Oddonis marchionis…cum domina Adheleida comitissa matre sua" signed a charter dated 31 Jul 1064[86]. "Adelegida…comitissa" donated property to Pinerolo, for the souls of "domni Manfredi marchionis genitoris mei et Adalrici episcopi Barbani mei et Bertæ genetricis meæ et…domni Odonis marchionis viri mei", by charter dated 8 Sep 1064, signed by "Petri, Amedei, Vitelmi qui Bruno vicecomes vocatur…Henrici qui vocatur Marchio…"[87]. "Domna Adelaida comitissa filia…cum filiis suis Petro et Amedeo" donated property to Novalesa, for the soul of "mariti sui Oddonis", by charter dated 16 Jul 1078[88]. He appears to have come to a violent end[89].

m (1064) AGNES d’Aquitaine, daughter of GUILLAUME VII "Acerrimus/l'Aigret" Duke of Aquitaine, [GUILLAUME V Comte de Poitou] & his wife Ermésinde --- ([1052]-after 18 Jun 1089). Her parentage and marriage are confirmed by the charter dated 26 Oct 1078 under which "Agnes filia quondam Guillelmi Pictaviensis comitis et relicta…marchionis Petri" donated property to Pinerolo[90]. Agnes´s father is not identified more precisely in any document which has so far been identified. However, the reference to "quondam" in the 26 Oct 1078 charter excludes Guillaume VIII Duke of Aquitaine who was still alive at that date. Duke Guillaume VI, who died in 1038, is also probably excluded, as Agnes would have been over 26 years old at the time of her marriage if she had been his daughter, which seems improbable as noble girls often married when aged 12 to 15 at the time. Duke Guillaume VII is therefore left as the most likely candidate to be Agnes´s father. According to Europäische Stammtafeln[91], Agnes was the widow of Ramiro I King of Aragon. Szabolcs de Vajay states that the wife of King Ramiro was the daughter of Guillaume VI Duke of Aquitaine not of Duke Guillaume VII, although no source is cited to support this[92]. From an onomastic point of view, it is surprising that a daughter of Duke Guillaume VI would have been named Agnes. The name appears only in the family of the Comtes de Poitou after the third marriage of Duke Guillaume V with Agnes de Mâcon [Bourgogne-Comté], whereas Duke Guillaume VI was the son of Duke Guillaume V's first marriage. "Adalegida cometissa filia Maginfredi marchionis et relicta quond. Oddonis idemque marchionis" donated property to the monastery at Taurini, in the presence of "domne Agnetis comitissæ, filiæ Wilelmi comitis et relictæ quondam Petri marchionis", for the souls of "Maginfredi patris, Adalrici Astensis episcopi patrui, Berthæ matris et Petri marchionis filii predictæ comitissæ Adalegidæ", by charter dated 4 Jul 1079[93]. "Adalasia comitissa cum nuru sua Agneta et filia eius Agnete" donated property to "ecclesiæ S. Mariæ…Astensis episcopatus" by charter dated 18 Jun 1089[94]. Comte Pierre I & his wife had [three] children:

a) AGNES de Savoie ([1066/70]-after 13 Mar 1110). "Adalasia comitissa cum nuru sua Agneta et filia eius Agnete" donated property to "ecclesiæ S. Mariæ…Astensis episcopatus" by charter dated 18 Jun 1089[95]. Her birth date is estimated from the marriage date of her parents, her mother's estimated birth date, and the fact that Agnes herself gave birth to three children before her husband died in 1091. "Agnes filia Petri marchionis et relicta olim Friderici" donated property to the monastery of Cavorre by charter dated 1091[96]. She became a nun after her husband died. She was still alive in 1100[97]. Pope Pascal II confirmed a donation to the monastery of Fruttuaria San Benedetto by "Agnete comitissa, Petri marchionis filia" by charter dated 13 Mar 1110[98]. m (Turin May 1080) FRIEDRICH Graf, Herr von Lützelburg, son of LOUIS de Mousson châtelain de Montbéliard & his wife Sophie of Upper Lotharingia heiress of Bar (-29 Jun 1091, bur [Canossa]). He was a powerful lord in Swabia who supported Rudolf von Rheinfelden as anti-king of Germany. He arrived in Italy and was installed in [1079/May 1080] as Marchese di Susa by his [future] wife's paternal grandmother[99], the installation presumably taking place after the death in Jan 1080 of his wife's uncle Amedée II Comte de Savoie who had succeeded his older brother as Marchese di Susa in 1078.

b) [ALIX de Savoie (-after 21 Dec 1099). "Bonifacius marchio filius Teutonis…marchio…cum Alice cometissa filia qd. d. Petri marchio atque Theotone, Petro, Magnifredo, Hugone et Willielmo filiis eorum" donated property to "monasterio sancti Petri…in…villa Saviliani" by charter dated 21 Dec 1099[100]. Szabolcs de Vajay dismisses this individual as an imaginary person designed to explain the claims of Marchese Bonifazio to Turin, which he in fact inherited through his mother who was the younger sister of Adelaida di Susa, mother of Comte Pierre[101]. It is uncertain whether he was aware of the charter quoted above when he made this suggestion. Even if the charter in question was spurious, it is unclear what purpose would have been served by fabricating the ancestry of Marchese Bonifazio´s wife. It should be noted that Bonifazio´s [second] wife Agnes de Vermandois was considerably younger than her husband. An earlier marriage would therefore be likely. m as his first wife, BONIFACIO di Saluzzo Marchese del Vasto, son of ODDONE Marchese di Liguria Occidentale & his wife Berta di Susa (-after 1127).]

c) [BERTHE ([1075]-before 1111). Szabolcs de Vajay[102] suggests that Berta, second wife of Pedro I King of Aragon, was the daughter of Comte Pierre, although there appears to be no direct proof that this is correct. He further suggests that, when Emperor Heinrich IV captured Tuscany in 1092, Berthe could have taken refuge at her mother's court at Poitiers from where her marriage was arranged, her future husband's first wife having been her mother's first cousin. Zurita who, while in relation to Queen Berta stating that “no se escrive cuya hija fuesse”, comments that “en las historias de Castilla...el Rey Don Alonso que ganó a Toledo tuvo...una [muger] llamada Berta que era natural de Toscana” [third wife of Alfonso VI King of Castile, see the document CASTILE KINGS for the primary sources on which this statement is based], that “el Emperador Henrico avia casado con Berta hija de Otho Marques de Italia”, and that “parece verisimil que esta Reyna Berta sucediesse de aquella casa de los Marqueses de Italia”[103]. Berta is named in charters in Aragon from 16 Aug 1097 to 1105[104]. “Berta...regina” donated “tres campos...et uno orto” in Huesca to “don Bruno mea magistro” by charter dated Jul [1101][105]. Ubieto Arteta points out that “Bruno” was “[un] nombre completamente desconocido en la omomástica aragonesa del siglo XI e importado indudablemente de Italia o de Francia” and suggesting that this could suggest an Italian origin for Queen Berta, although recognising that “el argumento...apenas tiene fuerza, pues se da el nombre de Bruno en el Midi y en las poblaciones de francos”[106]. Szabolcs de Vajay identifies the grantee Bruno as the son of Friedrich Graf, Herr von Lützelburg (see the document BAR) and his wife Agnes de Savoie (who was recorded as the daughter of Pierre Comte de Savoie and therefore would have been the sister of Queen Berta if her Savoy affiliation was correct)[107]. This may appear unlikely considering that the son of Graf Friedrich cannot have been born much earlier than [1086] and therefore would have been no more than 10 years old at the most at the time of King Pedro's marriage in 1097. Pedro I King of Aragon donated “villa...Buniales” to “abbate don Galindo”, at the request of “uxoris mee Berta regina”, by charter dated Jan 1103[108]. “Berta regina” granted “in Sangarren...kasas que fuerunt domni Hormat Ibn Motert Ibn Alabe” to “Enneco Banzones” by charter dated 1105, the dating clause of which records “cognatum meum rege domni Antefonso, me sub gratia domnum meum rege domno Petro...et cum amore...cognatum meum in Auguero et in Moriello, in Arrigolis et in Merquerlo, in Aiierve et in Sangarren et in Kalgen” [Agüero, Murillo, Riglos, Marcuello, Ayerbe, Sangarren and Callén][109]. “Berta regina” donated “almunia...inter Berbegal et Monte Rog” to the monastery of Alaon by charter dated to [1105], the dating clause of which records “Antefonso cognato meo in Pampilona et in Aragona, in Superarvi et in Ripacurcia, me autem regnante in Murello et in Auvero et in Aierb...”[110]. Ubieto Arteta refers to the areas named in these two charters as governed by Queen Berta as “el ‘reino’ que llamamos de los Mallos”, adding that “la existencia del pequeño Estado...fué efimera” and that “antes de 1111...estaba a punto de desaparecer” (he does not cite the primary source on which he bases this date)[111]. Szabolcs de Vajay assumes that it disappeared when the queen died[112]. Although the area is called “reino” and “Estado” by Ubieto Arteta, there appears no reason to suppose from the wording of these two charters that the territory was anything other than a señorío granted by King Pedro as dower for his wife, and that it was governed in the same way as any other señorío in the kingdom of Aragon. Berta would have continued to bear the title queen after her husband´s death, and the phrase “me autem regnante” in the second document should not be interpreted other than as the normal way in which administration of a territory by a queen could be described without implying that the area had become a “kingdom”. m (Huesca 16 Aug 1097) as his second wife, PEDRO I King of Aragon and Navarre, son of SANCHO I Ramírez King of Aragon and Navarre & his first wife Isabel de Urgel ([1066/18 Aug 1068]-Valle de Aran 27 Sep 1104, bur Monastery of San Juan de la Peña).]



Peter I. (Savoyen)

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Münze (Denaro Segusino) von Peter I.

Peter I. von Savoyen (* um 1048; † 1078) war Graf von Savoyen und Markgraf von Turin.

Er war der älteste Sohn des Grafen Otto von Savoyen.

Er stand unter starkem Einfluss seiner Mutter Adelheid von Turin und verheiratete sich mit Agnes von Poitiers († 1089). Dieser Ehe entsprangen zwei Kinder:

   * Alix († 1111), ∞ Bonifatius I. († 1130), Markgraf von Vasto-Saluzzo
   * Agnes († 1091), nach 1110 Nonne, ∞ Friedrich von Luxemburg († 1092), Markgraf von Susa

Nach seinem Tode 1078 wurde sein jüngerer Bruder Amadeus Graf von Savoyen.

Weblinks [Bearbeiten]

   * Peter I. bei genealogie-mittelalter.de

Vorgänger Amt Nachfolger

Otto Graf von Savoyen

1060–1078 Amadeus

Diese Seite wurde zuletzt am 17. Mai 2010 um 13:36 Uhr geändert.

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Pierre I, comte de Savoie's Timeline

Savoy, France
Age 17
August 9, 1078
Age 30