Pietro II, re di Sicilia

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About Pietro II, re di Sicilia

Peter II of Sicily

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Peter II (July 1305 – August 15, 1342 in Calascibetta) was crowned king of Sicily (then called Trinacria) in 1321 and gained full sovereignty when his father died in 1337.

His father was Frederick III of Sicily and his mother was Eleanor of Anjou, a daughter of Charles II of Naples and Maria Arpad of Hungary. Maria was a daughter of Béla IV of Hungary and Maria Laskarina.

He married Elisabeth of Carinthia, with whom he had nine children, including: Louis his successor; Frederick, who succeeded Louis; Eleanor, mother of Martin II; Constance, regent 1352-1354; and Euphemia, regent, 1355-1357.

His reign was marked by strife between the throne and the nobility, especially the old families of Ventimiglia, Palizzi, Chiaramonte, and Antiochia.

He died without warning in 1342 at Calascibetta and was buried in the cathedral of Palermo. He was succeeded by Louis, his eldest son, who was only five years old.

Besides Louis, he had two sons and six daughters:

Frederick IV, successor of Louis

Eleanor (1325 – 1375), married Peter IV of Aragon, mother of Martin II of Sicily



Euphemia (1330 – 1359), regent from 1355 to 1357

Violante (born 1334), died young

John (1342 – 1373)

Blanca (1342 – 1373)


Foundation for Medieval Genealogy

PIETRO II 1338-1342, LUIGI 1342-1355, FEDERIGO II 1355-1377, MARIA I 1377-1401, MARTIN I 1401-1409

PIETRO of Sicily, son of FEDERIGO I King of Sicily & his wife Eléonore of Sicily [Anjou-Capet] (1304-Calataxibeta 15 Aug 1342). The Crónica de San Juan de la Peña names "el primero…Don Pedro…et el otro Don Johan…el tercero Guillem" as the three sons of Federigo King of Sicily[458]. "Fredericus…rex Trinacrie…cum…domina Elyonora…regina Trinacrie…consorte nostra…[et] rege Petro secundo primogenitor cum consorte eius" wrote to "domino infanti Alfonos…domini regis Aragonum primogenitor…comiti Urgellensi" dated 20 May [1326][459]. The Sicilian Parliament recognised him as his father’s successor 12 Jun 1314, contrary to the terms of the 1302 Treaty of Caltabellotta, and confirmed its allegiance to him in 1322. He succeeded his father in 1338 as PIETRO II King of Sicily.

m (23 Apr 1322) ELISABETH von Görz-Tirol, daughter of OTTO II Duke of Carinthia [Görz] & his wife Euphemia von Liegnitz [Piast] (-1352 or after). Regent of Sicily 1348-1352 for her son.

King Pietro II & his wife had nine children:

1. CONSTANZA of Sicily ([1324]-Oct 1355). Regent of Sicily 1352-1354 for her brother King Luigi.

2. LEONOR of Sicily ([1325]-Lérida 20 Apr 1375). She became a powerful influence at the Aragonese court, replacing Bernat de Cabrera as King Pedro IV's chief adviser. In 1357, faced with mounting opposition in Sicily, her brother King Federigo proposed that Athens and Neopatras be transferred to Queen Leonor in return for military help from her husband in Sicily, a proposal which was refused[460]. m (Valencia 12 Jun 1349) as his third wife, don PEDRO IV King of Aragon, son of don ALFONSO IV "el Benigne" King of Aragon & his first wife doña Teresa de Entenza Condesa de Urgel (Balaguer 5 Sep 1319-Barcelona 5 Jan 1387, bur Nuestra Señora de Poblet).

3. BEATRICE of Sicily (1326-Heidelberg 12 Oct 1365, bur Schönau). m (Papal dispensation 14 May 1345, before 1348) RUPRECHT II joint Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, son of ADOLF Pfalzgraf bei Rhein & his wife Irmengard von Oettingen (Amberg 12 May 1325-Amberg 6 Jan 1398, bur Schönau).

4. EUFEMIA of Sicily ([1330]-21 Feb 1359). Regent of Sicily 1355-1357 for her brother King Federigo II.

5. VIOLANTE of Sicily ([1334]-young).

6. LUIGI of Sicily (Catania [1335]-Iacchi 1355). He succeeded his father in 1342 as LUIGI King of Sicily, under the regency of his mother from 1348 to 1352, and of his sister Constanza from 1352 to 1354. King Luigi had two illegitimate children by unknown mistresses:

a) don ANTONIO de Aragón ([1350/55]-). m doña BEATRIZ de Ejérica Baronesa de Cocentaina, daughter of don PEDRO de Aragón Barón de Ejérica & his wife Bonaventura di Arborea ([1355]-after 1373).

b) don LUIGI de Aragón ([1350/55]-after 1374). Barone di Tripi.

7. GIOVANNI of Sicily ([1340]-22 Jun 1353).

8. FEDERIGO of Sicily (1 Sep 1341-Messina 27 Jul 1377). Marchese di Randazzo. He succeeded his cousin in 1355 as Duke of Athens and Neopatras. He succeeded his brother in 1355 as FEDERIGO II “il Simplo” King of Sicily, under the regency of his sister Eufemia of Sicily 1355-1357. In 1357, faced with mounting opposition in Sicily, King Federigo proposed that Athens and Neopatras be transferred to his sister Leonor, wife of Pedro IV King of Aragon, in return for military help from the latter in Sicily, a proposal which was refused[461]. The dispute with the Anjou Kings of Sicily was settled at Aversa 31 Mar 1373, with Federigo allowed to remain in occupation in Sicily but with the title King of Trinacria. Federigo II resisted pressure from Pedro IV King of Aragon, his father-in-law and brother-in-law, to assume greater power in Sicily and succeeded in having his daughter recognised as his heir. m firstly (Catania 11 Apr 1361) Infanta doña CONSTANZA de Aragón, daughter of don PEDRO IV “el Ceremonioso” King of Aragon & his first wife Infanta doña María de Navarra (Poblet 1340-Catania Jul 1363). m secondly ([17 Jan 1372/26 Nov 1373]) ANTONIA del Balzo, daughter of FRANCESCO del Balzo Duca d’Andria & his wife Marguerite di Tarento [Sicily-Anjou] (-23 Jan 1374, bur Messina). Mistress (1): ---. The name of Federigo's mistress is not known. King Federigo II & his first wife had one child:

a) MARIA of Sicily ([1362/63]-25 Mar 1401). She succeeded her father in 1377 as MARIA I Queen of Sicily, Duchess of Athens and Neopatras, although this was considered unlawful in Sicily as succession in the female line had been prohibited by her great grandfather King Federigo I[462]. Her maternal grandfather, Pedro IV King of Aragon, sent a naval force to Sicily in 1378 with a view to seizing power from Queen Maria. He was obliged to yield to Sicilian opposition, but succeeded in imposing his second son Infante don Martín as Viceroy of Sicily. King Pedro IV launched a second attack on Sicily in 1382, defeated a Milanese fleet and thwarted a plan for Queen Maria to marry into the Visconti family. Queen Maria was taken to Catalonia. King Pedro deprived Maria of the Duchies of Athens and Neopatras, although Athens was captured by Florence in 1388, Neopatras in 1391 and Salona in 1394. m (24 Jun 1389) Infante don MARTÍN de Aragón Conde de Luna, Señor de Segorbe y Ejérica, son of Infante don Martín de Aragón Conde de Barcelona [later don Martín I King of Aragon] & his first wife doña María de Luna (25 Jul 1374-Cagliari 25 Jul 1409, bur Cagliari). He was proclaimed MARTIN I King of Sicily in 1391, and again on the death of his wife in 1401.

King Federigo II had one illegitimate son by Mistress (1):

b) GUILLERMO d'Aragona (-after 1380). Conte di Gozzo e Malta. m as her first husband, BEATRIZ de Aragón-Avola, daughter of JUAN de Aragón Barone di Avola & his wife Giovanna ---. Guillermo & his wife had one child:

i) GIOVANNA d’Aragona. m PIETRO di Gioeni, Barone di Ardore, son of ---.

9. BLANCA of Sicily ([1342]-[1372/74]). m (3 Aug 1364) don JUAN de Aragón Conde de Ampurias, son of Infante don RAMÓN BERENGUER de Aragón Conde de Ampurias & his second wife doña María Álvarez de Ejérica (1338-Castellví de Rosanes 1398).

FROM THE WEBSITE: The Royal House of Aragona and d'Avola, Counts of Malta, and Barons of many MALTESE fiefs.

King Federigo of Sicily (born Infant Fadrique of Aragon; See Part 2) had issue:

1. King Pietro II of Sicily, b.1304, d.Calataxibeta 1342; m.1322 Elisabeth, dau.of Duke Otto II of Carinthia

1.1. King Luigi of Sicily, b.Catania, d.Iacchi 1355

1.1.1.[illegitimate from Leonora Barrese di Militillo] Antonio de Aragon; m.Beatriz, Bssa de Cocentaina, dau.of Pedro de Aragon, Baron de Ejerica, with issue. Luigi de Aragona, Barone de Cocentaina. Yolanda de Aragona. Richilde de Aragona

1.1.2.[illegitimate] Luigi de Aragon, Barone di Tripi, d.after 1374, married to Imperia dei Baroni Lavagna, with issue. Giacomo de Aragona. Eufemia de Aragona, married Giovanni Barrese, Barone di Pietrapersia.

1.2.Giovanni (1340-1353), dunm.

1.3. King Federigo III of Sicily, Duke of Athens and Neopatras, b.1341, d.Messina 1377; m.1st Catania 1361 Constanza, dau.of King Pedro IV of Aragon; m.2d 1372 Antonia (d.1374) dau.of Francesco del Balzo, Duca d'Andria

1.3.1.Queen Maria I of Sicily, Duchess of Athens and Neopatras (1362/3-1401); m.1389 to King Martin II of Sicily (d.1409)

1.3.2.[illegitimate]Guglielmo de Aragon, Cte di Gozzo e Malta, d.after 1380; m.Beatriz de Avola de Aragon; m.Pietro di Gioeni, Barone di Ardore

1.4.Constanza, Regent of Sicily 1352-4 (1324-1355)

1.5.Leonora, b.1325, d.Lerida 1375; m.Valencia 1349 King Pedro IV of Aragon (d.1387)

1.6.Beatrice (1326-1365); m.1345 Ruprecht II, Elector Palatine (d.1398)

1.7.Eufemia, Regent of Sicily 1355-7 (1330-1359), dunm.

1.8.Violante, b.1334, d.young

1.9.Blanca (1342-1372/4); m.1364 Juan de Aragon, Cde de Ampurias (d.1398)

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