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Prince Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud's Geni Profile

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Muhammad Bin Abdulaziz ibn Abd al-Aziz ibn Abd al-Rahman ibn Faisal ibn Turki Al Saud

Birthdate:
Death: 1988 (78)
Immediate Family:

Son of Ibn Saud and Princess Jauhara bint Musa'd Al Saud
Father of Private; Private; Private; Private and Private
Brother of King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud and Private
Half brother of Prince Fahd (I) bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud; Princess Sara bint Abdul Aziz Al Saud; Prince Jiluwi (I) bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud; Prince Abdul Salem bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud; Prince Majed (I) bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud and 81 others

Managed by: Ric Dickinson
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Immediate Family

About Prince Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud

Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud (1910–1988) (Arabic: محمد بن عبد العزيز ال سعود‎) was a member of the royal family of Saudi Arabia. He was a son to the kingdom's founder, King Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud, and thus a brother to all succeeding kings of Saudi Arabia to date. Muhammad was among the most powerful and wealthiest members of the Saudi royal family and his advise was sought and deferred to in all matters by his brothers. Until his death in 1988, he was a close and powerful confidant and senior advisor to his younger brothers, King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz and King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz.

Renunciation of the succession

Muhammad was Crown Prince during the first few months (Nov. 1964-March 1965) of the reign of his elder half-brother King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz. He then voluntarily stepped aside from the succession to allow his younger and only full brother, Khalid, to become heir apparent to the Saudi throne. He is said to have stepped aside in order to comply with a general family agreement reached during the period of internal crisis that saw the abdication of his elder half-brother, the profligate King Saud, in favour of another elder half-brother, King Faisal, in 1964. His renunciation therefore helped to defuse that crisis and facilitated the takeover of power by King Faisal. Muhammad is reputed to have been a powerful personality. He is said to have been of rigid and orthodox disposition, which are viewed as commendable traits in a family elder in Saudi society. However, these traits also rendered him unable to compromise with others and engage in relationships that involved give-and-take, something that is essential to garnering the support necessary to gain political power in the kingdom. The King of Saudi Arabia is elected by an informal collegium consisting of the sons and senior grandsons of the kingdom's founder, Ibn Saud, and while age and seniority of birth are important considerations, it is also necessary to accommodate and engage amicably with various family and social factions in order to gain power.

Controversy

One of Muhammad's granddaughters, Misha'al bint Fahd al Saud, was convicted of adultery. She and her paramour were both executed in accordance with the law of Saudi Arabia. Muhammad did not intervene to secure special lenience or consideration for his grand-daughter. The execution was viewed negatively by many western commentators coming from more permissive cultures with lenient views on adultery. Despite the fact that Misha'al's male lover was also executed, the incident was presented in the western media as somehow pertaining to womens' rights. A British TV channel presented a fictionalized docudrama, "Death of a Princess," which was based on this incident. The telecast of the docudrama, and the subsequent unbalanced condemnation of Saudi and eastern cultures in the British media, threw Saudi-UK relations into diplomatic turmoil for a period of time.

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Prince Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud's Timeline

1910
1910
1988
1988
Age 78
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