Prince Paul of Yugoslavia

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Prince Paul /Pavle . Karađorđević

Russian: Павел Александрович Карагеоргиевич
Also Known As: "Prince Paul of Yugoslavia", "Prince Paul Karađorđević", "Pavle Karađorđević", "Павле Карађорђевић"
Birthdate: (83)
Birthplace: St. Petersburg, Russia
Death: September 11, 1976 (83)
Paris, Seine, France
Place of Burial: Lausanne
Immediate Family:

Son of Prince Arsen Karađorđević and Prince Aurora Pavlovna Demidova
Husband of Princess Olga Greece and Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark
Father of Prince Alexander Yugoslavia; Prince Nikola Yugoslavia; Princess Elizabeth Oxenberg; Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia; Nicholas Karageorgievich / Karađorđević and 1 other
Half brother of Helene Aurore Noghera

Occupation: Prince Paul of Yugoslavia
Managed by: Shirley Marie Caulk
Last Updated:

About Prince Paul of Yugoslavia

https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_von_Jugoslawien

Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Paul_of_Yugoslavia

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia, also known as Paul Karađorđević (Serbo-Croatian: Pavle Karađorđević, Serbian Cyrillic alphabet: Павле Карађорђевић, Slovene: Pavel Karadjordjević, English transliteration: Paul Karageorgevich; 27 April 1893 – 14 September 1976), was Regent of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia during the minority of King Peter II. Peter was the eldest son of his first cousin Alexander I. His title in Yugoslavia was Knez (Knez Pavle Karađorđević), which translates best as "Prince". Prince Paul was officially rehabilitated by Serbian courts in 2011.


Early life


Prince Paul of Yugoslavia was the only son of Arsen Karađorđević, Prince of Serbia (a brother of Peter I of Serbia) and Princess and Countess Aurora Pavlovna Demidova (a granddaughter of the Finnish philanthropist Aurora Karamzin and her Russian husband Prince and Count Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov, and Russian Prince Peter Troubetskoy and his wife Elisabeth Esperovna, née Princess Belosselsky-Belozersky). He married Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark, a sister of Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, in 1923. George VI of the United Kingdom, as Duke of York, was best man at his wedding in Belgrade.


Paul was educated at the University of Oxford, where he was a member of the exclusive Bullingdon Club - a dining club notorious for its practice of destroying restaurants' property. His closest friends (including the American-born, naturalized British politician Chips Channon) and outlook on life were said to be British. He was installed as a Knight of the Garter in 1939.


Regent of Yugoslavia


On 9 October 1934, Prince Paul took the Regency after his cousin King Alexander was assassinated in Marseille, France. In his will, Alexander named Paul, as the first of three regents to govern until September 1941, when Alexander's son Peter would come of age.


Prince Paul, far more than Alexander, was Yugoslav rather than Serb in outlook. In its broadest outline, his domestic policy was to eliminate the heritage of the Alexandrine dictatorship centralism, censorship, and military control; and to pacify the country by solving the Serb-Croat problem.


In August 1939, the Cvetkovic-Macek Agreement set up the Banovina of Croatia. The central government retained control of foreign affairs, national defence, foreign trade, commerce, transport, public security, religion, mining, weights and measures, insurance, and education policy. Croatia was to have its own legislature in Zagreb, and a separate budget.


When World War II broke out, Yugoslavia declared its neutrality. On March 25, 1941, Yugoslav government signed the Tripartite Pact with significant reservations as it received three notes. The first note obliged the Axis powers to respect territorial integrity and sovereignty of Yugoslavia. In the second note the Axis promised not to ask Yugoslavia for any military assistance. In the third note they promised not to ask Yugoslavia for permission to move military forces across its territory during the war.


Two days later, Prince Paul was forcibly removed from power.


From this distance, the Prince Paul's foreign policy including the signing of the Tripartite Pact seems to have been governed by the desire to give his country as much leeway as possible in thoroughly adverse circumstances. After the fall of France and the defeat of the British, Paul saw no way of saving Yugoslavia except through adopting policies of accommodation to the Axis powers. But even under those circumstances Paul, outwardly neutral, remained determinedly pro-Allied. He aided Greece when Greece was invaded. He fostered military collaboration between the Yugoslav Army and the French. And for almost three years he parried the Axis thrust toward Yugoslavia.


Exile


For the remainder of the war, Prince Paul was kept, with his family, under house arrest by the British in Kenya.


Princess Elizabeth, his only daughter, obtained and published information from the Special Operations Executive files in the Foreign Office in London and published them in Belgrade, in the 1990 edition of the Serbian-language biography of her father. The original book Paul of Yugoslavia was written by Neil Balfour, the first was published by Eaglet Publishing in London in 1980.


Prince Paul died in Paris on 14 September 1976, aged 83. He never returned to Yugoslavia.


Prince Paul was father of Princess Elizabeth of Yugoslavia, Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia the Elder and Prince Nikola of Yugoslavia, and a grandfather of American actress Catherine Oxenberg.


Art collections


Prince Paul collected, donated and dedicated a large number of art works to Serbia and the Serbian people, including foreign masterpieces. There are especially significant Italian, French and Dutch/Flemish pieces. Most of the works are in the National Museum of Serbia, including work by artists such as Rubens, Renoir, Monet, Rembrandt, Picasso, Van Gogh and Cézanne.

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia is Aurora Karamzin's great grandson! ( Aurora Demidova -* Stjernvall ) http://www.geni.com/path/Aurora-Karamzin+is+related+to+Prince-Paul-of-Yugoslavia?from=6000000004396685338&to=6000000000668746132

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia, also known as Paul Karađorđević, was regent of Yugoslavia during the minority of King Peter II. Paul was a first cousin of Alexander I and thus a first cousin-once-removed of Peter II.

Prince Paul of Yugoslavia was the only son of Prince Arsen (brother of King Peter I) and Princess and Countess Aurora Pavlovna Demidova (a granddaughter of the Finnish philanthropist Aurora Karamzin and her Russian husband Prince and Count Pavel Nikolaievich Demidov, and Russian Prince Peter Troubetskoy and his wife Elisabeth Esperovna, née Princess Belosselsky-Belozersky). He married Princess Olga of Greece and Denmark, a sister of Princess Marina, Duchess of Kent, in 1923. King George VI, when Duke of York, was best man at his wedding in Belgrade.

Paul was educated at the University of Oxford, where he was a member of the exclusive Bullingdon Club - a dining club notorious for its wealthy members, grand banquets and boisterous rituals. Cultivated and bisexual like his closest friends Prince George, Duke of Kent and Sir Henry Channon, his outlook on life was said to be British. He was installed as a Knight of the Garter in 1939.

On 9 October 1934 Vlado Chernozemski assassinated Paul's cousin King Alexander I of Yugoslavia in Marseille in France, and Prince Paul took the regency, as Alexander had stipulated in his Will that on his death a council of regents chaired by Paul should govern until Alexander's son Peter II came of age.

Prince Paul, far more than Alexander, was Yugoslav rather than Serb in outlook. However, unlike Alexander, he inclined much more toward democracy. In its broadest outline, his domestic policy worked to eliminate the heritage of the Alexandrine dictatorship's centralism, censorship, and military control, and to pacify the country by solving the Serb-Croat problem.

In 1939, Prince Paul, as acting head of state, accepted an official invitation from Adolf Hitler and spent nine days in Berlin.

In August 1939, the Cvetković-Maček Agreement set up the Banovina of Croatia. The central government retained control of foreign affairs, national defence, foreign trade, commerce, transport, public security, religion, mining, weights and measures, insurance, and education policy, but Croatia was to have its own legislature in Zagreb, with a separate budget.

When World War II broke out in 1939, Yugoslavia declared its neutrality. On March 25, 1941, the Yugoslav government signed the Axis Tripartite Pact, with significant reservations as three notes were appended. The first note obliged the Axis powers to respect the territorial integrity and sovereignty of Yugoslavia. In the second note the Axis powers promised not to ask Yugoslavia for any military assistance, and in the third they promised not to ask permission to move military forces across Yugoslav territory during the war.

Paul's foreign policy, including the signing of the Tripartite Pact, aimed to give his country as much leeway as possible in thoroughly adverse circumstances. After the fall of France in 1940 left the British Empire essentially alone to face the Axis, Paul saw no way of saving Yugoslavia except through adopting policies of accommodation to the Axis powers. But even under those circumstances Paul, outwardly neutral, remained determinedly pro-Allied. He aided Greece after Italian forces had invaded that country on 28 October 1940; he fostered military collaboration between the Yugoslav Army and the French and spent almost three years parrying the Axis thrust toward Yugoslavia.

Nonetheless, the signing of the pact did not sit well with several elements of the Yugoslav army. On 27 March 1941, two days after Yugoslavia signed the Tripartite Pact, Yugoslav military figures with British support forcibly removed Paul from power and declared Peter II of age.

For the remainder of the war, Prince Paul was kept, with his family, under house arrest by the British in Kenya. His sister-in-law the Duchess of Kent and her husband the Duke, appealed to Winston Churchill, hoping he would allow Paul and Olga to take refuge in Britain. Churchill, who viewed Prince Paul as a traitor and a war criminal, denied the request in no uncertain manner. After the Duke of Kent's death in 1942, the Prime Minister relented to King George's insistence, and allowed Princess Olga to fly to London to comfort her sister, although without her husband, who had been extremely close to the late Duke.

Princess Elizabeth, his only daughter, obtained information from the Special Operations Executive files in the Foreign Office in London and published them in Belgrade, in the 1990 edition of the Serbian-language biography of her father. The original book Paul of Yugoslavia was written by Neil Balfour, the first was published by Eaglet Publishing in London in 1980.

The post-war communist authorities had Prince Paul proclaimed an enemy of the state; he was disallowed from returning to Yugoslavia and all his property was confiscated. He died in Paris on 14 September 1976, aged 83 and was buried in Switzerland. He was rehabilitated by Serbian courts in 2011, and was reburied at the family crypt in Oplenac, Serbia, near Topola in central Serbia, on 6 October 2012, together with his wife Olga and son Nikola.

Prince Paul was father of Princess Elizabeth, Prince Alexander and Prince Nikola, and a grandfather of author Christina Oxenberg and American actress Catherine Oxenberg.

Prince Paul collected, donated and dedicated a large number of art works to Serbia and the Serbian people, including foreign masterpieces. There are especially significant Italian, French and Dutch/Flemish pieces. Most of the works are in the National Museum of Serbia, including work by artists such as Rubens, Renoir, Monet, Titian, Van Gogh, Paul Gauguin etc.

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Prince Paul of Yugoslavia's Timeline

1893
April 27, 1893
St. Petersburg, Russia
April 27, 1893
- January 16, 1929
Belgrade, City of Belgrade, Serbia
June 20, 1893
Saint Petersburg, gorod Sankt-Peterburg, Saint Petersburg, Russia
1924
August 13, 1924
Age 31
Greater London, England, United Kingdom
August 13, 1924
Age 31
White Lodge, Richmond Park, Surrey, England
1928
June 29, 1928
Age 35
London, Greater London, England, United Kingdom
June 29, 1928
Age 35
London, Middlesex, England
1929
January 16, 1929
- September 14, 1976
Age 35
Belgrade, City of Belgrade, Serbia
1936
April 7, 1936
Age 42
Belgrade, City of Belgrade, Serbia