"Princess" Cornblossom Doublehead

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Cornblossom Elizabeth Troxell (Doublehead)

Also Known As: "princess"
Birthdate: (40)
Birthplace: Wayne, Kentucky, United States
Death: August 13, 1810 (40)
Yahoo Falls, McCreary, Kentucky, United States
Place of Burial: Stearns, McCreary, Kentucky, USA
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Chuqualatague Incalatanga Taltsuska "Doublehead" and Creat "Crit" "Drags Blanket" Priber
Ex-wife of George Jacob "Big Jake" Troxell
Mother of Peter Jacob Troxell; Charlotte "Katy" Troxell; Mary Blevins; Margaret "Peggy" Bell; Elizabeth Troxel Vaughn and 3 others
Sister of Tuckahoe Doublehead; Gu-Lu-Sti-Yu Riley, Long Hair Clan; Tuskiahooto Colbert; Saleechie Doublehead; Ni-gu-da-yi Riley and 3 others
Half sister of Two Heads Doublehead; Doublehead Doublehead; Bird Tail Doublehead; Peggy Wilson; Richard Foreman and 3 others

Occupation: Warrior
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About "Princess" Cornblossom Doublehead

CORNBLOSSOM was reported to have been the daughter of the second wife of DOUBLEHEAD (TALTSUSKA), and about twelve years old in 1779 and eight years old at the signing of the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals in 1775, which would place her birth sometime around 1767. Although Cornblossom is not a Cherokee word, there is a Delaware word, PAWALIN, which means CORNBLOSSOM and it is a Delaware surname given to women. PAWALIN literally translates as "CORNBLOSSOM FALLS OFF." (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~brockfamily/KinshipNotes-KBTankersley.html)

Cornblossom was born under the Sand Cliffs at Stearns, Kentucky, near where the old Southern Railroad "Coalchute", or refueling station, was located. Legend is that as a young girl, she accompanied her father, Chief Doublehead, at the signing of the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals in 1775, which transferred Cherokee land between the Ohio and Cumberland Rivers to the Transylvania Society.

"Princess" Cornblossom Doublehead & George Jacob "Big Jake" Troxel/l were married 1780 in Doubleheads Cave, Wayne Co., KY. Question: Is this Beloved Woman Cornblossom, daughter of Chief Doublehead? Answer: Cornblossom is a proven child of Doublehead..

Doubleheads Cave (located about 6 miles from the current city of Monticello), more recently known as Hines Cave, was a sacred burial ground for the Native Americans for thousands of years, but has been desecrated and many of the archaeological findings (illegally taken) have reportedly been auctioned off by property owner Nick Cooley within the last 15 years or so. http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/CUMBERLAND-RIVER/1998-06/0897644803

This picture was found in the Monticello, KY library in a book by Mr. Kenneth Coffey, taped over a sketch that he had drawn of Beloved Woman Cornblossom. (9/3/2002 Mr. Roy Troxell, a descendant, was told: "it is a picture copied from a 3x4 tintype that was placed in K. Coffey's book by a fellow who wishes to be nameless. He said the picture is of one of Cornblossom's granddaughters who is the spitting image of Cornblossom. The picture was taken about 1860 or has been in his family's possession since 1860"). Go to the Media section to see the picture of Princess Cornblossom's granddaughter.

Note: Cornblossom is the daughter of Chief Chuqualatague aka Chief Doublehead. On April 7, 1803 a Marriage Bond was made by Jonathan Blevins and Elisha Blevins to the Honorable James Girrard, Governor of Kentucky, in the sum of fifty pounds to consummate the marriage of Jonathan Blevins to Katy Troxel daughter of Jacob "Big Jake" Troxel and Cornblossom, daughter of Chief Chuqualatague. Consent of Jacob Troxel , father of the bride, was proven by John Troxel.

Note: There is a historical marker located at what is reportedly her burial site in Stearns, KY. Since the historical marker has been moved a reported five times, it is uncertain where Cornblossom was actually buried. She accompanied her father to the signing of the Treaty of Sycamore Shoals, 1775 as a girl. This treaty transferred Cherokee Land between the Ohio River and Cumberland River to the Transylvania Society.

Cornblossom was killed in a massacre which was led by the Franklinites, reportedly a group that followed John Sevier to the future state of Tennessee for the purpose of creating a new nation, or state, out of lands then a part of North Carolina. This movement did result in the creation of the State of Franklin. The State of Franklin failed, eventually becoming Tennessee in 1796. Her death by these white settlers is thought to have occurred between August 10th and 13th, 1810.

{The 1810 Massacre at Yahoo Falls, (in McCreary Co.., KY), by David Owens, tells the story of this tragedy. It is published in the October, 2013 issue of the Kentucky Explorer magazine, pgs. 39-40. Part of the writings of Mr. Owens follow: "Cornblossom belonged to a group known as the Chickamauga Cherokee. The Chickamauga, although primarily made up of Cherokees, were not a blood clan as they were made up of Native Americans from different tribes who had banded together to resist white encroachment. This is the woeful account of the Cherokee children who were massacred at Yahoo Falls in southeastern Kentucky by a group of white men said to have been led by Hiram "Big Tooth" Gregory. The children were gathered there by Cornblossom to go to Reverend Gideon Blackburn's Presbyterian Indian Missions School in Tennessee. The children had assembled at one of their most holy places, Yahoo Falls...the Cherokee called it the Ta-Eache, meaning the 'River of the Blue Flute' which was located in the Land of the Hummingbird... Beloved Woman "Cornblossom" ... had sent word for her people in the Cumberland Plateau area to send their children to the sacred site as an area of refuge and safety to travel down the river to the Indian school. Word of her intentions leaked out from Indian traders to whites who were hostile to the Chickamauga.....On Friday, August 10, 1810, a group of armed white men surrounded Yahoo Falls." Oral accounts from the Indians who survived that day are the basis for the rest of the information about the massacre. "Gregory's Militia had crossed over the river from Tennessee and closed in on Yahoo Falls from different directions to prevent any escape. As the militia moved on the position they were resisted by the few Cherokee adults...The screams of the children could be heard as the militia fired on the adult men and women." Cornblossom's son Jacob Troxell, Jr. was among the dead. Cornblossom managed to escape even though she was severely wounded, but died two days later. Reportedly her last words were "Remember my children. Remember my people." - submitted by cball@twc.com}

Also, while protecting the tribe's secret mine, she killed a renegade. Her burial place at Stearns, KY is marked by a KY State Historical Marker - 1075 near the First Baptist Church at Stearns and is approximately one mile from her birthplace under the Sand Cliffs at Stearns, KY.

Late in the fall of 1810, when the moon was round and full, a group of children and women escorts of Chief Doublehead's tribe of Chickamaguans on their way to Gideon's Blackburn's Indian school, gathered at the big rock house below the cliffs where Yahoo Creek plunges eighty feet from the great Cumberland Plateau to the bottom of the gorge which carries it to the Cumberland River. They were waiting for Princess Cornblossom to lead them south over the old Tellico Trail to Tennessee. Some of the women had already shouldered their packs of furs or sleeping mats for the children and were about to start when shots rang out from the darkness in front of the rock house. Bunched under the rock house and stunned by the unexpected attack, escape was impossible. The braves were the first to fall followed quickly by the mothers and children until not a single Indian was left standing and the floor of the rock house was covered with the dead and dying and ran red with their blood. After the firing ceased and the little band of white men who had committed this foul murder were about to leave, the situation was suddenly reversed. Day was just breaking as Princess Comblossom and her notorious son, Little Jake, arrived on the scene ready to lead their people to safety. Taking in the situation at a glance and occupying a commanding position among the rocks which blocked the white men's escape route, they opened fire. The white party had been reduced to three, but only one of these three survived the firing squad of Princess Cornblossom and her son. Before the execution the Princess pronounced the death sentence in scathing terms such as "You yonegas - you made a treaty with us- if we didn't steal a horse then you wouldn't kill us. You yonegas kill our braves. You kill our women and our babies. Their blood made red the land you steal." Princess Comblossom, grief stricken by the massacre of her people, died in a few days and was buried by the large flat rock beside the old Tellico Trail that had been travelled by her people for so many years. This flat rock is now within the town of Stearns, Kentucky and the site is marked by an appropriate marker and information sign placed there by the Kentucky Historical Society, which reads: PRINCESS CORNBLOSSOM - Burial site of daughter of Chief Doublehead. legend is that as a young girl she accompanied her father at signing of Treaty of Sycamore Shoals, 1775, transferring Cherokee's land between Ohio and Cumberland Rivers to Transylvania Society. As-Quaw Tribe settled in region south of river. Protecting tribe's secret mine, she killed a renegade.

Married Big Jake, trader. (Jacob Troxell)

Perhaps, Cornblossom physically died as related above. Except, she is not buried in this grave. Keeping with tradition she was taken to a secret location and there laid to rest.

Many of the dates, relationships, etc. are unproven. Some are just a "working hypothesis" especially those before 1800. Please correspond with the compiler at dpanther@gasou.edu.


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"Princess" Cornblossom Doublehead's Timeline

Wayne, Kentucky, United States
Age 11
Loudoun County, Virginia, United States
Age 13
loudon, Virginia, United States
Age 15
Age 19
Loudin Co., Virginia, United States
Age 22
Age 28
Age 30
Wayne Co., Kentucky, United States
August 13, 1810
Age 40
Yahoo Falls, McCreary, Kentucky, United States