Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria

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Princess Sophie von Bayern (Wittelsbach), Erzherzogin zu Österreich

Russian: София Баварская Виттельсбах, Erzherzogin zu Österreich
生日
出生地 München, Bayern, Deutschland (HRR)
逝世 1872年5月28日 (67)
Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR) (brain tumor)
葬于 Wien, Österreich, Deutschland(HRR)
直接亲属

父母: Maximilian IV (I) Joseph von der Pfalz-Zweibrücken, König zu BayernCaroline Friederike von Baden-Durlach
夫: Franz Karl, Erzherzog von Österreich
子女: Emperor Franz Joseph I von Österreich, Kaiser zu Österreich, König zu Ungarn, Böhmen und Kroatien; Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria; Marie Anna Karolina Pia von Österreich-Habsburg, Erzherzogin; Stillborn Son von Österreich, Erzherzog; Ludwig Viktor, Erzherzog von Österreich另外2个
兄弟姐妹: Stillborn son von Bayern, Prinz; Maximilian Karl Friedrich von Bayern, Prinz; Amalie Auguste von Bayern, Königin zu Sachsen; Queen Consort Elisabeth of Prussia; Queen Maria Anna of Saxony另外3个
异母(或异父)兄弟姐妹: Maria Ludovika Wilhelmine von Bayern, Herzogin in Bayern; Sofia Baviera; Ludwig I, König von Bayern; Princess Augusta of Bavaria; Amalie Marie Auguste Wittelsbach, Prinzessin von Bayern另外2个

Occupation: Archduchess of Austria
管理员 Jeroen MW van Dijk
最近更新

About Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria

"Sophie Friederike Dorothee Wilhelmine, Princess of Bavaria (27 January 1805 – 28 May 1872) was born to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife Caroline of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony as wife of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony. Her eldest son Franz Joseph reigned as Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, King of Croatia, Apostolic King of Hungary, King of Galicia and Lodomeria and Grand Duke of Cracow; her second son Maximilian reigned as Emperor of Mexico."

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Wikipedia links:

Български, Česky, Deutsch, English, Español, Eesti, Français, עברית, Magyar, Italiano, 日本語, 한국어, Nederlands, Polski, Português, Română, Русский, Slovenčina, Svenska, ไทย, Українська,

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other links:

http://ann-lauren.blogspot.co.il/2009/01/19th-cent-princess-sophie-of-bavaria.html

http://www.deutsche-schutzgebiete.de/kuk_erzherzogin_sophie_von_oesterreich.htm

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=11283568

http://www.geneall.net/D/per_page.php?id=11338

http://www.hansdenyngre.dk/hans_uk/wizg21.htm#5494

http://thepeerage.com/p10129.htm#i101283

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Citations:

1. [S36] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, editor, Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1: Europe & Latin America (London, U.K.: Burke's Peerage Ltd, 1977), page 28. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1.

2. [S130] Wikipedia, online http;//www.wikipedia.org. Hereinafter cited as Wikipedia.

3. [S36] Hugh Montgomery-Massingberd, Burke's Royal Families of the World, Volume 1, page 30.

4. [S16] Jirí Louda and Michael MacLagan, Lines of Succession: Heraldry of the Royal Families of Europe, 2nd edition (London, U.K.: Little, Brown and Company, 1999), table 81. Hereinafter cited as Lines of Succession.

5. [S16] Louda and MacLagan, Lines of Succession, table 82.


On 4 November 1824, she married Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria. They had six children.

Her ambition to place her oldest son on the Austrian throne was a constant theme in Austrian politics. At the time she was called "the only man at court". During the Revolution of 1848, she persuaded her somewhat feeble-minded husband to give up his rights to the throne in favour of Franz Joseph, her son. After Franz Joseph's accession, Sophie became the power behind the throne. Historically, Sophie is remembered for her extremely controlling relationship with Franz Joseph's famed wife Sisi, who was also her niece.

Sophie kept a detailed diary most of her life which reveals much about Austrian court life. She was deeply affected in 1867 by the execution in Mexico of her second son Maximilian. She never recovered from that shock, and withdrew from public life. She died of a brain tumor in 1872.

She was also noted for her close relationship with Napoleon II, who lived at the Austrian Court as the Duke of Reichstadt. There were rumors of a sexual affair between them. There was even suspicion that Maximilian, born two weeks before Reichstadt's death in 1832, was actually his child. These claims were never verified, but it is certain that they were very good friends and that his death affected her very much. She is said to have turned into the cold, ambitious woman described in fiction after he died.

Children:

Franz Joseph 18 August 1830 21 November 1916 succeeded as Emperor of Austria married his first cousin Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, and had issue

Maximilian 6 July 1832 19 June 1867 proclaimed Emperor of Mexico executed by a firing squad married Charlotte, Princess of Belgium, and had no issue

Karl Ludwig 30 July 1833 19 May 1896 married 1) his first cousin Margaretha, Princess of and Duchess in Saxony, (1840–1858) from 1856 to 1858, no issue, married 2) to Maria Annunziata, Princess of the Two-Sicilies (1843–1871) from 1862 to 1871, had issue (three sons and one daughter) and married 3) to Maria Theresia, Infanta of Portugal, (1855–1944), from 1873 to 1899, had issue (two daughters). He was the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose assassination in 1914 sparked World War I.

Maria Anna 27 October 1835 5 February 1840 died in childhood

Stillborn son 24 October 1840 24 October 1840

Ludwig Viktor 15 May 1842 18 January 1919 died unmarried


Princess Sophie of Bavaria was born to King Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria and his second wife Caroline of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria, Queen of Saxony as wife of Frederick Augustus II of Saxony. Her eldest son Franz Joseph reigned as Emperor of Austria, and King of Hungary; her second son Maximilian reigned as Emperor of Mexico.

On 4 November 1824, she married Franz Karl, Archduke of Austria. Her paternal half-sister, Caroline Augusta of Bavaria, had married the groom's widowed father, Francis II, in 1816. Sophie and Franz Karl had six children.

Her ambition to place her oldest son on the Austrian throne was a constant theme in Austrian politics. At the time she was called "the only man at court". During the Revolution of 1848, she persuaded her somewhat feeble-minded husband to give up his rights to the throne in favour of their son Franz Joseph. After Franz Joseph's accession, Sophie became the power behind the throne. Historically, Sophie is remembered for her extremely controlling relationship with Franz Joseph's wife Sisi, who was also her niece.

Sophie kept a detailed diary most of her life, which reveals much about Austrian court life. She was deeply affected in 1867 by the execution in Mexico of her second son Maximilian. She never recovered from that shock, and withdrew from public life. She died of a brain tumor in 1872.

She was also noted for her close relationship with Napoleon II, who lived at the Austrian Court as the Duke of Reichstadt. There were rumors of a sexual affair between them. There was even suspicion that Maximilian, born two weeks before Reichstadt's death in 1832, was actually his child. These claims were never verified, but it is certain that they were very good friends and that his death affected her very much. She is said to have turned into the cold, ambitious woman described in fiction after he died.

Children[edit] Name Birth Death Notes Franz Joseph 18 August 1830 21 November 1916 Succeeded as Emperor of Austria Married his first cousin Elisabeth, Duchess in Bavaria, and had issue Maximilian 6 July 1832 19 June 1867 Proclaimed Emperor of Mexico Executed by firing squad Married Charlotte, Princess of Belgium, and had no issue Karl Ludwig 30 July 1833 19 May 1896 Married: 1) his first cousin Margaretha, Princess of and Duchess in Saxony (1840–1858) from 1856 to 1858, no issue 2) Maria Annunziata, Princess of the Two Sicilies (1843–1871) from 1862 to 1871, had issue (three sons and one daughter) 3) Maria Theresia, Infanta of Portugal (1855–1944), from 1873 to 1896, had issue (two daughters). He was the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, whose assassination in 1914 sparked World War I. Maria Anna 27 October 1835 5 February 1840 Died in childhood Stillborn son 24 October 1840 24 October 1840 Ludwig Viktor 15 May 1842 18 January 1919 Died unmarried

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Princess Sophie of Bavaria, Archduchess of Austria的年谱

1805
1805年1月27日
München, Bayern, Deutschland (HRR)
1805年1月27日
- 1824年11月4日
Munich, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany
1805年2月2日
Munich, Upper Bavaria, Bavaria, Germany
1824
1824年11月4日
- 1872年5月28日
19岁
Vienna, Vienna, Austria
1830
1830年8月18日
25岁
Wien, Österreich
1832
1832年7月6日
27岁
Wien, Österreich
1833
1833年7月30日
28岁
Wien, Österreich
1835
1835年10月27日
30岁
Wien, Österreich
1840
1840年10月24日
35岁