R' Shalom Rokeach, A.B.D. Tykocin

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Rav Shalom Rokeach, ABD Tiktin

Hebrew: רבי שלום רוקח, אבד טיקטין
Birthdate: (79)
Death: 1767 (75-83)
Tykocin, białostocki, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland
Place of Burial: Tykocin, białostocki, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland
Immediate Family:

Son of Rabbi Eliezer Rokeach, ABD Amsterdam - Ma'ase Roke'ach and Chavah Rokeah
Husband of Malka Rokeach
Father of Admor Yehoshua (Shiale) Rokeach, 2nd Belzer Rebbe; Wife of R' Yehoshua Mirkes; R' Yitzchak Rokeach of Tykocin; Feige Rokeach and Rav Zundel
Brother of Rav Moshe Rokeach, ABD Zloczew; Yehuda Leib Rokeach or Margolioth; unsure male/female Rokeach and Yehoshua Rokeach

Occupation: Av Beis Din of Tiktin, ABD Tiktin
Managed by: Malka Mysels
Last Updated:

About R' Shalom Rokeach, A.B.D. Tykocin


Sholom Rokeach (1781[2] – 10 September 1855), also known as the Sar Sholom (Hebrew: שר שלום‎‎, "Angel of Peace"[3]), was the first Belzer Rebbe.

To Belzer Hasidim, he is known as "Der Ershter Rov" (the first rabbi), but in the city of Belz itself he was called "Der Alter Rov" (the old rabbi) in deference to the Bach, who presided as rabbi of Belz in the sixteenth century.

Biography His father was Rabbi Eleazar Rokeach, one of the sages of the Kloyz of Brody. The latter was the grandson of Rabbi Eleazar, author of Maaseh Rokeach, rabbi of Brody until 1736, then Chief Rabbi of Amsterdam.[2]

His mother was Rebbetzin Rivka Henna Ramraz.

After Rabbi Eleazar died at the age of 32, Rivka Henna lived in Brody with her five orphaned children. She sent her son Sholom, around 11 years old at the time, to be raised by her brother, Rabbi Yissachar Dov Ramraz, rabbi of Skohl, then in Galicia. Later on, he married Rabbi Yissachar Dov's daughter, Malka (1780 – 23 August 1853). They had five sons and two daughters.

In the town of Skohl he was influenced by Rabbi Shlomo (Flam), the Rebbe of Skohl (also known as Reb Shlomo Lutzker), who was the personal writer and right-hand man of Rabbi Dov Ber of Mezeritch, the successor to the Baal Shem Tov, founder of Hasidism. Since his uncle (and father-in-law) was opposed to Hasidism, Rokeach would secretly be let down the window by his wife, to learn at Rabbi Shlomo Lutzker's beis midrash at night. He was also a disciple of the Seer of Lublin.

He composed several songs, most of them still sung by the Belzer Hasidim, including one niggun (melody) to Tzur Mishelo sung during the Shalosh Seudot (third Shabbat meal).

Many of his teachings are preserved in an anthology entitled Midbar Kodesh.

He reigned as Rebbe from 1817 (when he became rabbi in Belz) until his death in 1855. In addition to leading his Hasidim, he defended the beleaguered Jews of his district to the governor. In a famous exchange, the governor of the district invited him to his office and said, "Do you know that I am the second Haman?" The Sar Sholom replied, "Luck was not on the side of the first one, either". The governor was so impressed by the Rebbe's firm stand that he promised to put an end to the Jewish persecution.

He built a four-story synagogue in Belz which was inaugurated in 1843. It had a capacity of 5,000.

Although it was uncommon in the early Hasidic movement for a son to succeed his father as Rebbe (typically the Rebbe or leader would be succeeded by a disciple), the Sar Shalom wished to be succeeded by the youngest of his five sons, Yehoshua.

Rebbes of Belz Rabbi Sholom Rokeach (1781–1855) Rabbi Yehoshua Rokeach (1825–1894) Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach (1854–1926) Rabbi Aharon Rokeach (1877–1957) Rabbi Yissachar Dov Rokeach (b. 1948)

Sholom Rokeach First Belzer Rebbe Full name Sholom Rokeach Born 1779 Died 10 September 1855 Belz Yahrtzeit 27 Elul 5615 A.M. Dynasty Belz Successor Yehoshua Rokeach Father Eleazar Rokeach Mother Rivka Henna Ramraz Wife Malka Children Elazar

               3 other sons
               2 daughters



The second son of Rabbi Yehuda Leib Mirkes was Rabbi Shlomo Zalman, the Av Beis Din of Mir who will be discussed shortly, and his third son was Rabbi Yehoshua, the son-in-law of the gaon and kabbalist Rabbi Shalom Rokeach, the Av Beis Din of Tiktin and its surroundings. Source

Chief Rabbinic Judge of Titkin

Enyclopedia for Chachmei Galicia vol 2? page 861

About R' Shalom Rokeach, A.B.D. Tykocin (עברית)

הכותב: משה פלאם ר' שלום רוקח אב"ד טיקטין, בן הרב הגדול ר' אלעזר רוקח אב"ד בראדי ואמסטרדם, ב"ר שמואל שמעלקא מרגליות אב"ד עלקוש, חתנו של ר' משה ראב"ד קראקא בנו של המגיני שלמה.

עדכון: משה פלאם http://parasha.sde.org.il/par5773/hpar73039.rtf מאמר שכרו של פנחס בעיתון קיבוץ שדה אליהו: (שם הקים את החקלאות האורגנית בארץ דוד רבא של אשתי, מוזיה (משה) דורלכר אח של סבא שלה. מאמר על גורלות - המקור לנאמר על רבי שלום רוקח מטקטין: מאמר בספר של הרב מימון:

נבחר בכ"ד באב תק"כ לרב הקהלה מתוך שלשת המועמדים: ר' יחזקאל לנדא (נודע ביהודה), ר' שלום מטיקטין בנו של ר' אלעזר רוקח ור' יצחק הלוי, בנו של הרב יעקב יוקעל הורוויץ, ע"י הטלת גורל, ר' יצחק הלוי הורוויץ הידוע גם בשמו ר' יצחק האמבורגר.6

בעיתון חסידות סטולן שבשנה זו: מאמר נוסף, בארוכה, על קשריו של רבי שלום מטיקטין והנודע ביהודה. מאמר מעניין ומלא מידע, אך כתוב באופן מבלבל. ומתפלמס עם כתבי יוחסין אחרים.

במקומות רבים מוזכר רבי שלום כממליץ על רבנים שמאוחר יותר נודעו ברבים, או שכל הידיעה על גדלותם היא מהמלצתו....

http://www.academia.edu/4364068/ צריך להרשם לאתר כדי לקרוא, אבל שווה כל שניה. מאמר גדול ומפורט (ומאלף!!) על הקשר של המעשה רוקח לבעל סמיכת חכמים, ומזכיר את רבי שלום מטקטין כעד לאמת.

עד כאן עדכוני משה פלאם ט"ז טבת התשע"ד

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R' Shalom Rokeach, A.B.D. Tykocin's Timeline

Age 79
Tykocin, białostocki, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland
Age 79
Belz, Sokal's'kyi district, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine
Tykocin, białostocki, Podlaskie Voivodeship, Poland