R' Baruch Joshua Jerachmeel Rabinovitch of Parziveh-Munkacs-Holon

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Baruch Joshua Jerachmeel Rabinovitch

Hebrew: הרב ברוך יהושע ירחמיאל ראבינאוויטש
别名字号 "אב''ד מונקאטש"
生日 (84)
出生地 Siedlice, Police County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
逝世 1997年12月26日 (84)
Petah Tikva, Israel

רבי נתן דוד רבינוביץ', האדמו"ר מפארצ'בYitta Rabinowich之子
Chaya Frima Rivka RabinovichYehudit Rabinowitz的丈夫
Chaim Elazar Rabinovich; Rabbi Moshe Yehuda Leib Rabinowitz Munkatch Rebbe; <隐私> Rabinowitz (Rabinovitch); Tzvi Nosson Dovid Rabinowitz; <隐私> Willamowsky (Rabinovich)另外2个之父
Devorah Pearla Landau; Peska Friedman; Yitzchak Yaakov Rabinowitz; Yehuda Leib Rabinowich; Betzalel Luzer Rabinowitz另外3个的兄弟
Esther Golda Shapira; Moshe Yechiel Elimelech Rabinowitz; Feiga Gitel PerlowR' Haim Solomon Horowitz of Stryzow-New York的异母(或异父)兄弟

管理员 N Mamela Keller

About R' Baruch Joshua Jerachmeel Rabinovitch of Parziveh-Munkacs-Holon

It is known that the current Munkaczer Rebbe, Reb Moshe Leib Rabinovicz, received the mantle of leadership while his father, Reb Boruch Yehoshua Yerachmiel, zacher tzadik hakadosh l'bracha, was still alive. Misinformation, lies, and loshon hora abound about what really went on there, to the pain and embarrassment of the family. It is time to set the record straight.

Boruch Yehoshua Yerachmiel was born in Poland in 1913 to his parents, Rabbi Nosson Dovid Rabinowicz (1868-1930), the Partzever Rebbe, and Yitta Spira. Rav Noson Dovid was the eldest son of Reb Yaakov Yitzchak of Biala (1847-1905). His mother was the daughter of Reb Moshe Leib Spira of Stryzow (1850-1916) of the Munkacz dynasty.

In 1933 Reb Boruch married Chaya Frima Rivka, the only daughter of his mother's first cousin Reb Chaim Elazar Spira (1872-1937), the Munkaczer Rebbe, known as the Minchas Elazar. Film footage of Reb Boruch's wedding, shot by journalists, still circulates all over the world today - it was one of the most lavishly celebrated weddings in the pre-World War II era, attended by over 20,000 guests.

After his father-in-law's death in 1937, Reb Boruch inherited the "Rebistiva" of Munkacz, and was elected as Rav of Munkacz. Soon after, Reb Boruch was deported with his first son, Noson Dovid, to a labor camp in Poland. By a miracle, they were released almost immediately after. As soon as possible, Reb Boruch took his family from Munkacz to Budapest.

In Budapest, Reb Boruch saved THOUSANDS of Jews from the Nazis. In March 1944, Reb Boruch spoke before a packed Great Synagogue of Budapest. Those who couldn't get into the building even stood by the windows to listen to Reb Boruch, who implored them to destroy all of their belongings and come with him to Eretz Yisrael by way of Turkey. The rav informed the crowd that the Germans had lost their battle with Russia. Now, they were going to come through Hungary on their return to Germany with intent to kill as many Jews as possible along the way. Reb Boruch convinced many people to go with him. But on Motzei Shabbos, the head of the Budapest Jewish community came to the rav and said to him. "Rebbe, don't scare us with the story that the Nazis are coming to Hungary - if you need money, try another way to get it."

When Reb Boruch heard this, on the same night he spoke in the shul again. Many people did not think like this unfortunate leader, who perished at the hands of the Nazis. Thousamds of Jews were saved by way of the certificates, passports and movement papers Reb Boruch obtained for them. Most famous among those Reb Boruch saved were the Belzer Rebbe and his brother, the Belgroi Rabbi. Reb Boruch escaped with his family to what was then the British Mandate of Palestine.

Soon after their arrival, his wife - always of frail health - died in April 1945. With five orphans to fend for, Reb Boruch took on a governess, Irit Yehudit Walhaus. She took care of the children and loved them as her own to the point of serious self-sacrifice. Sometimes, there was not enough food in the house. So she would give up her own food to make sure these children had what to eat. These five children began calling her Ima and because of this, Reb Boruch married her.

These five children include, Reb Moshe Leib Rabinowicz, the current Munkaczer Rebbe, Reb Yitzchak Yaakov Rabinowicz, the Dinover Rebbe, Reb Chaim, the firstborn, Noson Dovid who passed away in 2007, and Zuta Wilamovsky.

In 1948, Reb Boruch tried to become the Chief Rabbi of Tel - Aviv. Because he needed a parnassa, Reb Boruch left to the States, and then to Brazil. Soon after, Rachel L'via Grossman was born, and in 1950 Meir Bezalel Yair was born.

In 1963, the entire family made aliyah. Because of the fact that his chasidim did not approve of Reb Boruch's Zionism or his new wife who was not of a rabbinic family (and a yecke to boot), they convinced the rebbe's son Moshe Leib to be the new Rebbe and left Reb Boruch with the title "Munkaczer Rav."

Reb Boruch went on to become the Chief Rabbi of Holon until 1978. That year, Reb Boruch built a beautiful synagogue in Petach Tikva.

In 1986, Reb Boruch suffered a stroke but despite this, because of the sacrifice of his second wife's family, Reb Boruch was able to recuperate enough to write two sefarim. In 1997, he published Divrei Nevonim, a commentary on the Torah and Binat Nevonim, a philosophical treatise of the Holocaust - which basically said that the Holocaust happened because of the hatred that Jews have for one another.

After Reb Boruch's passing on the 27th of Kislev, 5758 (December 26, 1997), his son Yair took over the synagogue and manages it until this day.

During the shiva, many great Rabbanim came to pay their respects: The Vizhnitzer, the Premishlaner, the Gerrer and more. All said the same thing: The passing of Reb Boruch closed a chapter in a generation of the people of Israel. From now on, the generations would have much less true understanding of Torah. Reb Boruch's innate sense of the Torah and general knowledge will never be found in later generations.

Reb Boruch was lauded by many Torah luminaries as being a great talmid chacham.

R' Yerichem Friedman, a Munkaczer chasid and important financial supporter of the dynasty, called Reb Boruch "HaGaon u'Tzaddik." He wrote the following inscription in one of the thousands of Munkaczer siddurim he printed as a gift to Reb Boruch's son, Yair: "Your father was, in my eyes, the greatest rabbi of his time."

Yair recounts, "When my father had to give a speech or a lesson, he could write all of his notes for that entire lesson on one tiny piece of paper, and speak hours from it. That is one of the reasons that it's very hard to create books of his Torah thoughts."

Reb Boruch's second wife, Yehudit, passed away 26 Shvat, 5759 (February 12, 1999).

This story is true. Whoever tries to lie and say something else sins against the dead and against Reb Boruch himself, as well as his entire family.


R' Baruch Joshua Jerachmeel Rabinovitch of Parziveh-Munkacs-Holon的年谱

Siedlice, Police County, West Pomeranian Voivodeship, Poland
Mukacheve, Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Petah Tikva, Israel