Rabbi Israel Friedman, 1st Ruzhiner Rebbe

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Rabbi Israel Friedman (Schakna), 1st Ruzhiner Rebbe

Hebrew: ישראל פרידמן, האדמו״ר הראשון מרוז׳ין
Also Known As: "ישראל פרידמאן מרוז'ין", "דער הייליגער", "רי ישראל פרידמן", "רבי ישראל מרוז'ין"
Birthplace: Ruzhyn, Zhytomyr Oblast, Russian Federation
Death: October 09, 1851 (55)
Sadhora, Ukraine (ג חשון)
Immediate Family:

Son of R' Shalom Schakna of Pohrebysche and Chava Schakna
Husband of Sarah Friedman, of Rhizin and Malka Katz-Friedman, (2nd wife)
Father of R' Shalom Yosef Friedman of Ruzin - Sadigura; Rabbi Avraham Yaakov Friedman, 1st Sadigura Rebbe; Grand Rabbi DovBer Friedman of Leovo; Grand Rabbi Menachem Nachum Friedman, 1st Shtefanesht Rebbe; R' Dovid Moshe Friedman of Chortkov and 5 others
Brother of R' Abraham Schakna; Channah Yuta . and R' DovBer Schakna

Occupation: rabbi of Buhusi, riz'ine rebe, ROZ'INE REBE
Managed by: Rabbi Shlomo Leib Mund
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Israel Friedman, 1st Ruzhiner Rebbe

Rabbi Yisroel Friedman of Ruzhyn (1797-1850) (Hebrew: ישראל פרידמאן מרוז'ין‎) was a Hasidic rebbe. Known as der heyliger rizhiner (Yiddish: דער הייליגער רוזשינער), "the holy one from Ruzhin", he was the progenitor of several Hasidic dynasties known collectively by the name Ruzhin.

As the son of Rebbe Sholom Shachne of Prhobisht, Rabbi Yisroel Friedman was a direct descendant of Rabbi Dov Ber, the Maggid of Mezritsh who was the main disciple of the Baal Shem Tov.

Only 6 years old when his father died, he was brought up by his older brother Rebbe Avrhom of Prhobisht. He showed outstanding qualities from childhood and at the age of 7 was engaged to Sarah, daughter of Rabbi Moshe of Berdychiv.

At 13 Yisroel married and settled in Botoşani, Moldavia. Three years later his brother Rebbe Avrohom died and young Yisroel succeeded him as leader of the chasidim.

After first moving back to Prhobisht and then Skvyra, he finally settled in Ruzhyn, where he achieved the reputation of a great holy man and attracted thousands of followers.

Rabbi Yisroel of Ruzhin conducted his court regally, claiming descent from the Royal line of King David. He lived a life of apparent great luxury and surrounded himself with splendor, such as his carriage with silver handles drawn by four horses.

In 1838 he was accused of complicity in the death of two Jews accused of being informers and was imprisoned for two years by the Russian authorities.

On his release he moved to Kishinev, then to Iaşi and other places before finally settling in Sadigora, Bukovina (Carpathian Mountains) in 1842. There he re-established his court in all its glory. In 1847 his wife Sarah passed away and he remarried Malka, the widow of Rabbi Hersh of Rimanov. On the 3rd of Cheshvan 1851 the Rebbe of Rizhin departed this world and was buried in Sadigora.

His six sons all established Hasidic dynasties, which include

Sadigura, Boyan, Chortkov, Husyatin and Bohush.


Ruzhin (Hasidic dynasty)

The Ruzhin (or Rizhin) Hasidic dynasty was founded by Rabbi Yisroel Friedman of Ruzhyn, (1796-1850).

Rav Yisroel's father was the Rebbe Sholom Shachne of Prhobisht, who was a son of Rabbi Avrahom HaMalach.

Reb Avrahom was a son of Rebbe Dov Ber, the Maggid of Mezritch, who was the main disciple of the Baal Shem Tov.

The six sons of Rav Yisroel all founded Hasidic dynasties of their own, including Buhush, Sadigura, Boyan, Chortkov and Husiatyn.

The dynasties of Vizhnitz and Vasloi are also descended from the Rebbe Yisroel of Ruzhyn through the female line.

The rebbes of the dynasty of Ruzhin are accustomed to conducting their Hasidic rabbinic courts regally, claiming descent from the Royal line of King David.


  • Rebbe Dov Ber of Rovne and Mezritsh, Volhynia (1704-1772)

o Rebbe Avrohom, the Malach (1740-1777), son of Rebbe Dov Ber

+ Rebbe Sholom Shakhna of Prhobisht (1769-1802), son of Rebbe Avrohom

  1. Rebbe Avrohom of Prhobisht (1787-1813), son of Rebbe Sholom Shakhna
  2. Rebbe Yisroel Friedman of Ruzhyn (1796-1850), son of Rebbe Sholom Shakhna, collected works Ner Yisroel
  • Rebbe Sholom Yosef Friedman of Sadiger (1812-1851), son of Rebbe Yisroel
  • Rebbe Avrohom Yaakov Friedman of Sadiger (1819-1883), son of Rebbe Yisroel, founder of the dynasty of Sadiger
  • The Regal Way By David Assaf
  • The Golden Dynasty By Rabbi Israel Friedman



The founder of the ruzhin dynasty and a much-respected figure. Ten thousands of followers. Directed a luxury court like a king. Initiated the term "hatzer" (hasidic court). Supported the yishuv. Sent an emissary to build an outstanding synagogue in the old city of jerusalem which was completed after his death and named after him "tiferet israel". The 3-storey synagogue served as the centre for the hassidic community in the city. It was destroyed by arabs in 1948. Only its western wall remains.

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Rabbi Israel Friedman, 1st Ruzhiner Rebbe's Timeline

October 5, 1796
Ruzhyn, Zhytomyr Oblast, Russian Federation
October 1812
November 8, 1819
Ruzhyn, Ruzhyns'kyi district, Zhytomyr Oblast, Ukraine
May 19, 1828
May 29, 1834
Ruzhyn, Volyns'ka oblast, Ukraine
October 9, 1851
Age 55
Sadhora, Ukraine