Rabbi Israel Rottenberg, ABD Magnuszow and Gora Kalwaria

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Rabbi Israel Rottenberg, ABD Magnuszow and Gora Kalwaria

Hebrew: הרב ישראל רוטנברג, אב"ד גור
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Poland
Death: May 14, 1827 (58-67)
Góra Kalwaria, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland (י״ז בְּאִיָיר תקפ״ז )
Place of Burial: Góra Kalwaria, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
Immediate Family:

Son of Mordechai Rotenberg ‎ and Hanne Rotenberg
Husband of Chaya Sarah Rottenberg
Father of Rochel Perl; Fajwel Rottenberg ‎; R' Isaac Meir Alter of Ger, 1st Gerrer Rebbe, The Chidushei Hari"m; R' Yaacov Yosef Rotenberg, of Magnoszow; R' Moses Haim Rottenberg and 5 others
Brother of R' Shimon Rottenberg; Sara Serle Rottenberg ‎; Chaim Rottenberg and Leibush Rotenberg

תאריך פטירה עברי:: י״ז בְּאִיָיר תקפ״ז
Managed by: Yigal Burstein
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Israel Rottenberg, ABD Magnuszow and Gora Kalwaria

The question of where he was born (and possibly not in Poland) is important to mapping the history of the Jews in Poland. The relationship of the Jews to the settlement (a town off-and-on then) of Magnuszew is very important.

Some events which may be relevant: in 1764, Stanislaw Poniatowski became King of Poland-Lithuania. When R Izrael Rotenberg was approximately 10 years old, and due to an infamous repeated flooding (1770-1772) of the Wisła river, Magnuszew became a swamp. As a result the village was relocated, and a few years later the area was 'awarded' to one of the most progressive nobles in Poland, Count Andrzej Hieronim Franciszek Zamoyski. Count Zamoyski allowed Jews to settle there (which was not the typical case in mostly-Catholic Poland). This is where R Izrael's son, R Icyk Majer Rotenberg, was born.

In August 1772, the first partition of Poland took place. 1786 - Russian (and Polish) war against the Ottoman Empire, and then in 1791 Poland changes to a constitutional monarchy. That change (and the establishment of Polish Parliament) were seen as threatening to surrounding monarchs, and led to the second partition of Poland in 1792. Magnuszew remained at that time a part of the Polish Republic.

However, using the 1794 uprising (Kósciuszko, who also fought in the American Revolution of 1776) as an excuse, and as a symbol to events which will recur in the future, Russian and Prussian troops entered Poland, put down the uprising, and decided on the 3rd partition of Poland in 1795. Under that partition Magnuszew passed into Austrian control - which partially explains many Jewish surnames beginning in that Era.

By about 1825, there were about 30 Jewish families in Magnuszew. In 1830, due to his political support of the November uprising, R Icyk Majer Rotenberg (Germanic last name), changed his last name to Alter (of Yiddish source).

About הרב ישראל רוטנברג, אב"ד גור (עברית)

הג"ר ישראל רוטנברג אב"ד מגנישוב וגור

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Rabbi Israel Rottenberg, ABD Magnuszow and Gora Kalwaria's Timeline

1764
1764
Poland
1778
1778
1788
1788
Magnuszew, Kozienice County, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
1798
1798
Magnuszew, Poland
1799
1799
1800
1800
Poland
1801
1801
Poland
1818
1818
Góra Kalwaria, Powiat de Piaseczno, Voïvodie de Mazovie, Poland
1827
May 14, 1827
Age 63
Góra Kalwaria, Masovian Voivodeship, Poland
1852
1852
Kock, Lubartów County, Lublin Voivodeship, Poland