Yohanan (John) I Hyrcanus, I Hyrcanus
Hebrew: רבי שטח בר יוסיי Hyrcanus, I Hyrcanus, Dutch: Setah Hyrcanus, Rabbi
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About Yohanan (John) I Hyrcanus, I Hyrcanus
Life and work He was the son of Simon Maccabaeus and hence the nephew of Judas Maccabaeus, Jonathan Maccabaeus and their siblings, whose story is told in the deuterocanonical books of 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees, in the Talmud, and in Josephus. John was not present at a banquet at which his father and his two brothers were murdered, purportedly by his brother-in-law, Ptolemy, son of Abubus. He attained to his father's former offices, that of high priest and national leader (but not king). Josephus said that John Hyrcanus had five sons but only named four in his histories--Judah Aristobulus I, Antigonus I, Alexander Jannai, and Absalom.