Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, ABD Prague, auth. "Kli Yakar"

How are you related to Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, ABD Prague, auth. "Kli Yakar"?

Connect to the World Family Tree to find out

Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, ABD Prague, auth. "Kli Yakar"'s Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!

Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, ABD Prague, auth. "Kli Yakar"

Hebrew: ר' שלמה אפרים לונשטיץ, בעל ה״כלי יקר״, אב"ד פראג
Birthplace: Łęczyca, Poland
Death: March 03, 1619 (68-69)
Prague, Hlavní město Praha, Hlavní město Praha, Czech Republic
Immediate Family:

Son of Aaron Luntschitzer, of Lencziza and Aaron Lenchitz
Husband of Zelda Luntschitz
Father of Tzvi Hirsh Lenchitz; אשת צבי הירש יפה?; אהרן לנשטיץ; ? Schüttenhofen/Schlabowitz and wife, Yehoshua Katz
Brother of Moshe ben Aaron Luntschitzer

Occupation: rabbi, poet and Torah commentator
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, ABD Prague, auth. "Kli Yakar"

Shlomo Ephraim ben Aaron Luntschitz (1550 –March 3rd 1619) was a rabbi, poet and Torah commentator, best known for his Torah commentary Keli Yakar.

He was born in Lenczyk (also known as Luntschitz) and studied under Solomon Luria in Lublin, and subsequently served as rosh yeshiva (dean) of the yeshiva in Lvov (Lemberg). In 1604 he was appointed rabbi of Prague, a position he filled until his death. In the introduction of his Keli Yakar he relates that the name Shlomo was added to his name during life-threatening illness, a common practice in Judaism.

Luntschitz is best remembered for his homiletical work, most prominently Keli Yakar ("precious vessel", an allusion to Proverbs 20:15) on the Torah which first appeared in Lublin in 1602, is still printed in many editions of the Pentateuch and continues to be highly popular. He composed two penitential prayers in commemoration of the 1611 pogroms that hit Prague on the 2nd of Adar on the Jewish calendar. In addition he wrote:

  • Ir Giborim ("city of strong men", cf. Proberbs 21:22), comprising Petichot u-Shearim ("openings and gates") and two works of Torah homilies. It was first published in Basel in 1580.
  • Olelot Ephraim ("grapes of Ephraim", a reference to Judges 8:2), four volumes of sermons published in Lublin 1590.
  • Amudei Shesh ("pillars of marble", Esther 1:6), sermons (Prague, 1617)
  • Siftei Da'at ("words of wisdom", also Proverbs 20:15), a continuation of Keli Yakar in style and reach, Prague 1610.
  • Orach le-Chayim ("a path for life", Proberbs 10:17), sermons for Shabbat Shuvah and Shabbat ha-Gadol, Lublin 1595.
  • Rivevot Efraim ("myriads of Ephraim", Deuteronomy 33:17), not extant but mentioned in the introduction of Orach le-Chayim.

Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shlomo_Ephraim_Luntschitz



Rabbi and popular preacher at Prague; born probably at Lencziza, Poland; died at Prague March 3, 1619. After having filled the office of rosh yeshibah at Lemberg, he was appointed in 1604 rabbi of Prague, and remained in this position until 1618.

Ephraim was the author of the following works: "'Ir Gibborim," in three parts, the first, entitled "Petiḥot u-Shẹ'arim," containing a rhetorical introduction and an ethical treatise, and the second and the third being homilies on the Pentateuch, Basel, 1580; "'Olelot Efrayim," ethical sermons based upon Bible and Talmud, in four parts, Lublin, 1590; "Keli Yeḳar," annotations on the Pentateuch, ib. 1602; "Sifte Da'at," forming the second part of the preceding work and containing homilies on the Pentateuch, Prague, 1610; "Oraḥ le-Ḥayyim," two ethical sermons, one for the Sabbath between New-Year and the Day of Atonement ("Shabbat Teshubah"), and the other for Passover, Lublin, 1595; "'Ammude Shesh," sermons, Prague, 1617; "Ribebot Efrayim," homilies on the Pentateuch (mentioned in the introduction to his work "Oraḥ le-Ḥayyim").

Ephraim was also the author of three liturgical poems celebrating Adar 2 (Feb. 15), 1611, on which date a hostile army that had entered Prague was defeated.


  • Moritz Grünwald, Rabbi Salomo Efraim Luntschitz, Prague, 1892;
  • Zunz, Literaturgesch. p. 421;
  • Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl. col. 904;
  • Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books Brit. Mus. p. 240;
  • Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 501.

Source: http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/5807-ephraim-solomon-ben...


auteur of : Olelot Efhraim


MISSING GENERATIONS (Missing Links Project)


About ר' שלמה אפרים לונשטיץ, בעל ה״כלי יקר״, אב"ד פראג (עברית)

בצעירותו נאלץ לעזוב עיר מולדתו לנטשיץ היותו מדאי קיצוני עבור אנשי המקום. והגיע לירוסלב שם כתב ספרו הראשון עיר גיבורים. היה תלמידו של הים של שלמה [%D7%9E%D7%94%D7%A8%D7%A9%D7%9C]. בשנת 1573 הוציא את ספרו העוללות אפרים. בשנת 1581 היה בלמברג לבוב שם היה דרשן [%D7%A8%D7%90%D7%94 בספר השלה מאמר העשירי שמביא מדבריו. בשנת 1595 הוציא את ספרו אורח לחיים. שמו המקורי היה אפרים. ובשנת 1601 חלה והוסיפו לו שם רבו [הרב שלמה לוריא המהרשל]. אחרי זה כתב ספרו הכלי יקר. ב1604 ראש ישיבה ודרשן בפרג. שם הוציא ספרו עמודי שש. ב1609לאחר פטירת המהרל היה ממלא מקומו בפרג כאב בית דין. ב1610 הוציא ספרו שפתי דעה. מתלמידיו: בעל התוספות יום טוב. בעל ווי העמודים בן השלה.בנו הרב צבי הירש [%D7%93%D7%99%D7%99%D7%9F בפרג נפטר ב1624. נכדו בן לבתו] רב אברהם ראובן בן הושקיס כהן סופר בעל ילקוט ראובני.

view all

Rabbi Shlomo Ephraim Luntschitz, ABD Prague, auth. "Kli Yakar"'s Timeline