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Rachael Briggs (Marten)

Birthdate: (81)
Birthplace: Boston, Lincolnshire, England
Death: 1646 (80)
Boston, Lincolnshire, England
Immediate Family:

Daughter of James Martine or Martin and Joan Martin
Wife of John Bigge, Sr. and John Briggs
Mother of Anna Faux; Smallhope Bigge; Patience Foster; Elizabeth Stowe; James Bigge and 8 others
Sister of Mary K.? Bates; Godfrey Martine or Martin; Martine or Martin and Martine or Martin

Managed by: David C. Spindler Jr.
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Rachael Briggs

Rachel Martin, daughter of James Martin and Joan Adam Martin, was christened 17 June 1565 at Lydd, Kent, England. She married John Bigg (also spelled 'Bigge'), a successful clothier, on 14 September 1583 at St. Mildred Church, Tenterden, Kent, England. and they had at least eleven known children, although there is some controversy over the exact number. Her husband died in 1605, and Rachel did not remarry. She was about 62 years of age when she embarked on the Elizabeth in 1634 or 1635. She arrived at Boston in mid-summer, and settled in Dorchester, where she was a member of the church and a proprietor in 1637. Rachel Bigg made her will 17 November 1646, which was proved 30 June 1647 at Roxbury, Suffolk County, Massachusetts. She was approximately 82 years old when she died, a woman of property and some education. Her gravesite is unknown.

Known Children

  1. Anna Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 16 August 1584. Anna probably died in childhood.
  2. Smalehope Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 29 August 1585. Smalehope was employed as a clothier. He married Ellen French, born 1582 in Rye, Sussex, England. Ellen was the daughter of William French and Agnes Pylcher. His remains were interred 6 September 1638 in Cranbrook, Kent, England. His estate was probated 8 October 1638 in Consistory Court, Canterbury, Kent, England.
  3. Patience Bigg was born circa 1588
  4. Elizabeth Bigg was christened 1 November 1590
  5. James Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 28 January 1592/3. His remains were interred 12 January 1593/4 in Cranbrook, Kent, England.
  6. Rachel Bigg was christened on 20 October 1594
  7. Anna Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 30 January 1596/7. Her remains were interred 16 May 1597 in Cranbrook, Kent, England.
  8. John Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 25 June 1598. His remains were interred 18 December 1598 in Cranbrook, Kent, England.
  9. Mary Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 18 May 1600. Her remains were interred 24 April 1610 in Cranbrook, Kent, England.
  10. John Bigg was christened on 19 December 1602
  11. Thankful Bigg was christened in Cranbrook, Kent, England on 17 February 1604/5. Her remains were interred 14 August 1605 in Cranbrook, Kent, England.


  • Some sources say her emigration was in 1635, which is probably the correct date; see the passenger list for the Elizabeth. The dispute seems to be whether her daughter and John Stowe came at the same time or the year earlier.
  • Rachel Martin Bigg is commonly listed as the mother of 11 children. Or did she have 12 children? Or was it 13 children? "Clement" is sometimes presented as being hers, but this is disputed for good reasons.

Notable Descendants

  • Rachel's fourth great-grandson was Aaron Burr, Jr., 3rd Vice President of the United States
  • Her sixth great-granddaughter was Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
  • Her sixth great-grandson was J. P. Morgan, American financier, banker and art collector.


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Rachael Briggs's Timeline

June 17, 1565
Tenterden, Kent, England
June 17, 1565
Lydd, Kent, England
June 17, 1565
Lydd, Kent, England
Boston, Lincolnshire, England
August 16, 1584
Age 19
Cranbrook, Kent, , England
Age 21
Cranbrook, Kent, , England
Age 22
Southwark, Surrey, England
Age 22
Dorset, England, United Kingdom
May 5, 1588
Age 23
Cranbrook, Kent, England