“Rachel” Croshaw, of the Patawomeck

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“Rachel” Croshaw, of the Patawomeck

Also Known As: "Ursula", "Patowameke", "Unity"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Virginia
Death: circa 1646
Williamsburg, Virginia, Colonial America
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Great King of Patawomeck and 2nd sister of Powhatan
Wife of Capt. Raleigh Croshaw, Ancient Planter and Thomas Bromfield
Partner of Thomas West, 3rd Baron de la Warre
Mother of Toby West
Sister of N.N., of Patawomeck

Managed by: Andrew Jonathan Smith
Last Updated:

About “Rachel” Croshaw, of the Patawomeck

Oh, I should tell you that calling Rachel by the name of "Rachel Matachana Powhatan" is VERY wrong. Someone just made up that she was the daughter of Pocahontas' sister, Matachana, which is totally untrue. In fact, if she was the daughter of Powhatan's sister by the Great King of Patawomeck, she would not even have been a Powhatan but would have been a Patawomeck. Much of the early Indian genealogy is theory based on some fairly good facts, but there is also a great amount of totally fictional genealogy out there that you must be careful of. Do not ever relay on the Shawnee Heritage books, as they are riddled with made-up names and genealogy.

Take care, Bill Deyo, Patawomeck Tribal historian 7-24-2017

==============================

Cousin of Pocahontas. Her birth date is uncertain. Some say circa 1595. Widely varying theoretical dates are given in internet postings by professional and amateur researchers. She accompanied Pocahontas on her trip to England in 1616.

Mother of Toby West (Chief Totopotomoy of the Pamunkey) [SIC] by Thomas West, 3rd Lord de la Warr, circa 1616.

Tribal historians say she later married Col. Joseph Croshaw, burgess, and became the mother of several of his children, including possibly (some say) Unity Croshaw married John West II, nephew of Thomas West, Lord de la Warr.

Death date is UNKNOWN, but 1646 according to several family trees on Ancestry.com (sources not shown).

SHE IS NOT KNOWN to have been buried on the Pamunkey reservation which was officially established as the permanent home of the Pamunkey tribe as early as 1648, but since the remains of earlier Pamunkey leaders Chief Opchanacanough and the great Powhatan were indeed brought to the burial mound on this site and interred here as legend says, with the remains of other tribal leaders, and her son Totopotomoy is here as well, then it is possible Toby West's mother Rachel Croshaw could be here, too.

William Deyo, official Pamunkey tribal historian, said, "Rachel Powhatan would not have been a sister of Pocahontas but a cousin (born about 1600). For Rachel to have the bloodline of the matrilineal royal succession, she had to have been a daughter or granddaughter of Powhatan's sister, whom I believe was the wife of the Great King of Patawomeck. When the King of Patawomeck called Opitchipam his brother, it was because he was actually his brother by marriage rather than his real brother, as by the words of Powhatan, himself, he only had 3 brothers by his mother (Opitchipam, Opechancanough, and Keckatough)."

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=138241640


This surname has been spelled variously as Croshaw, Croshawe, Crashaw, Crowshaw and Chroshaw.

Rawleigh was referred to as "Captain Rawleigh Crashaw, of Kequotan, gent., and ancient planter."[1]

NOTE by Chet SNOW: Rawleigh Chroshaw Esq., (AKA Capt. Rawleigh Crashaw), was from an old London merchant family; relatives were in the Virginia Company that founded Jamestown, VA on May 13, 1607. Captain Rawleigh emigrated to Jamestown in 1608 (in his 30s) and was elected to the VA House of Burgesses in 1623 when the colony gave him a grant of 500 acres at "Olde Poynt Comfort" near Kequotan (modern Hampton VA) across the James River. He had two sons: Joseph and Richard. [2]

Hentschel, Inwood, Lucas, Klein, Wheeler Family Tree says:

   •Name: Rawleigh Capt. Chroshaw 
   •Birth: 1574 in England 
   •Death: in York Co, Virginia 
   Marriage 1 Ursula Daniels b: 1576 in York Co, VA [sic = no Englishwoman was born in Virginia before 1610]
   Children: Katherine Chroshaw b: 1586 in Gravesend, Kent, England

Others say that he may have been born in 1569 or 1570; this seems more likely if he had a daughter in 1586.][3]

On March 13, 1625, Captain Francis West was referred to as administrator of Capt. Croshaw, so Croshaw died in November 1624 where he represented Elizabeth City. It was certainly after 1623, when he was given a grant of 500 acres at "Old Poynt Comfort."[4]

Hentschel, Inwood, Lucas, Klein, Wheeler Family Tree says:

   ID: I220555 
   Name: Rawleigh Capt. Chroshaw 
   Sex: M 
   Birth: 1574 in England •Death: in York Co, VA USA 
   Reference Number: 220555 

Marriage 1 Ursula Daniels b: 1576 [?] in York Co, VA [NOTE by Chet Snow: She may have been an English-born widow of _____ Daniels; see ref. below that claims Ursula was a Native American of Chief Powhatan's family][5]

Children: Katherine Chroshaw b: 1586 in Gravesend, Kent, England

[Note by Chet Snow: others say 1569 or 1570; this seems more likely if he had a daughter in 1586. Other sources say he was born in Lancashire - more research in England is needed to resolve his birth-place and parents.][6]

NOTE by Chet SNOW: Rawleigh Chroshaw Esq., (AKA Capt. Rawleigh Crashaw), was from an old London merchant family; relatives were in the Virginia Company that founded Jamestown, VA on May 13, 1607. Captain Rawleigh emigrated to Jamestown in 1608 (in his 30s) and was elected to the VA House of Burgesses in 1623 for Elizabeth City when the colony gave him a grant of 500 acres at "Olde Poynt Comfort" near Kequotan (modern Hampton VA. The name "Kequotan" referred to the Native American tribe living there; modern translated spelling is "Kecoughtan," now the name of a local high school.) across the James River. He had two sons: Joseph and Richard. [7]

http://genforum.genealogy.com/croshaw/messages/196.html

Re: Captain Raleigh Croshaw

Posted by: shirley Raymond (ID *****5471) Date: February 08, 2012

In Reply to: Captain Raleigh Croshaw by Sandra Sleeth Adams, 1999

"I descend from Raleigh Croshaw born 1570 England died 1624 Elizabeth River, Norfolk, Virginia; he married his 2nd wife Ursula Unity Patawomeck, daughter of great chief Patawomeck and her mother was possibly a sister to [Great Chief] Powhatan.

They had at least 5 children named Richard, Joseph, Benjamin, Noah, and Ursala Unity (notice difference in the spelling of Ursala for her mother Ursula).

Ursala Unity Croshaw married 1st Robert Blackwell; their son James Blackwell born 1647 York Co., Virginia died 1717 New Kent, Virginia, he married Lydia Turner born England, their daughter Lucie Blackwell born 1685 New Kent, Virginia (is my ancestor);Lucie died 1750 Hanover, Virginia.

Lucie Blackwell married Benjamin II Goodman/Goodwin they had 3 sons : Samuel,Robert and Benjamin III Goodman.

Robert Goodman born 1703 Isle Wright, Virginia, he died 1759 Hanover, Virginia; he married Mary (LNU); their son Bartelott Goodman born 1731 Hanover, Virginia died 1800 Iredell, North Carolina, he married Tabitha Gibson of Louisa, Virginia. They had at least 2 children: Ansel G.Goodman and John James Goodman.

John James Goodman born 1758 in Botetourt Co, Virginia died after 1800 in Greene co, Tennessee, he married Epharilla Thorpe, they had 9 children, their daughter Mary Sallie Goodman born 1779 in Botetourt Co, Virginia died 1855 in Wayne co, Tennessee she married Archibald Henry Lamb they had at least 8 children all of whom married into the Qualls and Austin families.

This is my direct line, I am looking for information on the great chief Patawomeck and who his wife was and a list of his daughter Ursula Unity Patawomeck and her siblings.

Shirley Raymond shirley778446@yahoo.com 918-962-3479

http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?raleigh::croshaw...

   "Upon the Mary and Margaret, a part of the Second Supply, traveled 38 year old Captain Raleigh Croshaw, Esq. from Crashaw, Lancashire, England, who later through his early experiences in protecting the young colony against the natives, achieved a reputation as a skilled Indian fighter, and is listed as an adventurer in the Virginia Company, 1618, 1620. When the massacre of 1622/3 occurred, Croshaw was on a trading cruise on the Potomac and at once challenged any of his men to fight him naked but the offer was not accepted. Raleigh Croshaw was elected to the House of Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1624 and died that same year. According to Land Office Patents and Grants in Virginia, Raleigh purchased 500 acres of land, but no date or county location was given. It was Raleigh’s granddaughter, UI, who tied the history of this remarkable man to the Blackwell lineage." by A J Searle in 2002. 

Sources

   ↑ #S43 Pages 278-279
   ↑ #S43 Pages 278-279. The name "Kequotan" referred to the Native American tribe living there; the modern translated spelling is "Kecoughtan," now the name of a local high school.
   ↑ Chet SNOW, 4 Feb 2014
   ↑ #S43 Pages 278-279
   ↑ Chet SNOW, March 23, 2014
   ↑ Chet Snow, 4 Feb 2014 & May 12, 2014
   ↑ http://books.google.fr/books?id=f8kWVOafFtQC&pg=PA611
   Source S43 William Glover Stanard, editor. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Volume 30. Virginia Historical Society, 1922. [1] 
   http://www.jamestowne-wash-nova.org/RaleighCroshaw.htm 
   Washington & Northern Virginia Company -- Biographies of Ancestors of Members - Raleigh Cro(w)shaw [Amos Eagle Elliston Private] 
   Second Supply List[Mike Shaw Elliston Mike Shaw Elliston] 
   The Banner-Lillis Family Tree [Private User Private User] 

THE FIRST SEVENTEEN YEARS Virginia, 1607-1624, by Charles E. Hatch, Jr. - Violet Kawai Leung


Biography

Unity Croshaw was born circa 1594 in Probably Werowocomoco, Pamaunke River. Her parents were The Great Chief Japasaw Oppasus Patawomeck and Sister of Powhatan.

Unity married Capt. Raleigh Croshaw, Ancient Planter. Together they had the following children: Major Joseph Croshaw; Noah Croshaw; Capt. Richard Croshaw.

She died in 1624 in Virginia.


About the Grand daughter of this Unity is this on Unity (Crowshaw) West: She was NOT the daughter of Japasaw. She was the daughter of Major Joseph Croshaw. It is believed that her mother was the daughter of the Sister of Chief Wahunseneca (aka Chief Powhatan) of the Powhatan Federation.
Her mother was sometimes referred to as "Rachel Powhatan" but her real name is not known

=============================================================

Following is from Bill Deyo - Patawomeck Tribal Historian (7-24-2017) before knowledge of the ydna of Sonne of Pamunky was forwarded to him as not De la Warr matching, disconnecting De la Warr as parent of Sonne of Pamunky:

"I have not looked at the Croshaw family for many years and am not sure which children were by "Rachel" except for Unity Croshaw who married John West, son of Gov. John West (brother of Thomas West, Lord Delaware). Unity's husband, John West, had an affair with the widow of Chief Totopotomoy, namely Cockacoeske, granddaughter of Chief Opechancanough, and sired a son, John West, whom Leonard West identified with Maj. John West of Stafford County, who was often involved with Indians. Toby West (believed by Leonard West to have been Totopotomoi) patented 500 acres of land in the Pamunkey area in Gloucester County, VA, which Joseph Croshaw took over after Toby's death. When Maj. John West (apparent son of Cockacoeske) died in Stafford County in 1718, he left "500 acres at Pamunkey" to his son, John West the younger. We assume that it was the same 500 acres that Toby West patented but have never been able to prove it because of the loss of records. There is a longtime tradition in the Croshaw family that Unity often took care of Jane Rolfe, Pocahontas' granddaughter, because of their close kinship.

========================================================

About the younger Unity Croshaw (ca. 1636 - April 20, 1669, New Kent County, Virginia) was the daughter of Major Joseph Croshaw, one of the main figures of early Jamestown Settlement. She was the grandchild of Raleigh Croshaw, one of the founders of Jamestown. She was the daughter-in-law of Colonial Virginia Governor John West (governor) of the Colony and Dominion of Virginia (now part of the United States). But she is perhaps most notable as the reportedly shrewish wife of Colonel John West, son of Governor John West, who divorced him for adultery when he left her to live with Cockacoeske who was the queen of the Pamunkey Indians and a cousin of Pocahontas.

Unity Croshaw was born at Bruton Parish, Williamsburg, James City, Virginia. She was christened in 1636 at West Point, King William County, Virginia, and she married Colonel John West there in 1654. The couple had the following children:

•Captain Nathaniel West (b. 1655-1724), he was mentioned in records as a Captain in 1662, a Major in 1667, Lt. Colonel in 1673. He commanded the militia of the county. Nathaniel married his second cousin Martha Woodard. Their son-in-law, William Danridge, was Martha Washington's uncle. •Unity (Susannah) West (b. 1657), married George Martin. •Anne West (b.1660-1708), married Henry Fox. •John West III (b. 1666), married Judith Armistead. •

Unity died on April 20, 1669 in New Kent County Virginia.

SOURCES: •"Records of York County, Croshaw, vol. 1664-1672, p. 257" •"Long Melford Through The Ages, by Barry L. Wall, East Anglian Magazine Ltd., Ipswich, Suffolk" •"Claiborne of Virginia, Descendants of Colonel William Claiborne, The First Eight Generations, by John Frederick Dorman and Claiborne T. Smith, Jr., MD,Gate Way Press Inc., Baltimore, Maryland" •"The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 2, No. 4 (Apr., 1894)" •"Middle Peninsula Historic Marker "Cockacoeske" •"Cockacoeske, Queen of Pamunkey: Diplomat and Suzeraine." W. Martha W. McCartney." •"Tax Rolls, March 1660. 3 March 1659."


Family links:

Parents:
 Joseph Croshaw (1610 - 1667)
 Elizabeth Yeardley Croshaw (1614 - 1660)

Spouses:
 John West (1632 - 1691)
 John West (1632 - 1691)*

Children:
 Sarah Anne West Fox (1660 - 1708)*
 Nathaniel West (1665 - 1723)*
 John West (1676 - 1734)*

Siblings:
 Katherine Croshaw Graves (1586 - 1636)**
 Ursala Croshaw West (1636 - 1669)
 Rachel Croshaw Walker (1655 - ____)**
  • Calculated relationship
    • Half-sibling

Burial: Unknown


Maintained by: Lindsay Hale Originally Created by: P Fazzini Record added: Aug 08, 2010 Find A Grave Memorial# 56812535 Ursala Unity &lti&gtCroshaw&lt/i&gt West Added by: Lindsay Hale


========================================

Per Tana Anderson (August 11, 2017):

There is not a chance that this woman was English. If anything, she was a Pamunkey... This woman's lineage is unknown, but since he lived with the tribes at Werowocomoco, she is definitely in their number. (Read the book by John Smith.)

---

  • OUTDATED, Unity Daniels(Croshaw) IS NO LONGER LISTED AS A DAU. OF ANNA MANWARING & PETER DANIELS

Capt. Peter Daniels, I

---

Speculative entries:

  • Ursula Daniels
  • F, #16547, b. circa 1615, d. before 1635
  • Father Peter Daniel, Esq. b. 1584, d. 18 Apr 1652
  • Mother Christian Grosvenor b. 4 Nov 1587, d. 1663
  • Ursula Daniels Mary Croshaw is probably the daughter of Joseph's 2nd wife, Mary Daniels Finch Croshaw. She was born circa 1615 at of Kibley, Cheshire, England. She married Major Joseph Croshaw, son of Raleigh Croshaw, Capt., Gentleman, circa 1632. Ursula Daniels died before 1635.
  • Family Major Joseph Croshaw b. c 1612, d. 10 Apr 1667
  • Child
    • Ursula/Unity Croshaw+ b. c 1633
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p551.htm#i...

__________________

  • Ursula Daniels
  • F, #16547, b. circa 1570, d. before 1635
  • Father Peter Daniel, Esq. Mother Anna Mainwaring
  • Ursula Daniels Mary Croshaw is probably the daughter of Joseph's 2nd wife, Mary Daniels Finch Croshaw. She was born circa 1615 at of Kibley, Cheshire, England. She married Major Joseph Croshaw, son of Raleigh Croshaw, Capt., Gentleman, circa 1632. Ursula Daniels died before 1635.
  • Family Major Joseph Croshaw b. c 1612, d. 10 Apr 1667
  • Child
    • Ursula/Unity Croshaw+ b. c 1633
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p551.htm#i...

______________

Captain Rawley Croshaw (the more common spelling) had come to Virginia in 1608 (and his wife had arrived with Elizabeth Baynham in the Bona Nova in 1620, according to his patent of 1623). The Bona Nova, from London, arrived at Virginia Passengers from the Port of London on the Bona Nova to Virginia

Banum, Elizabeth~Age 43 in Virginia Muster, February 7, 1624/5

Links to additional material:

__________________

  • Ursula Daniels Croshaw
  • Birth: 1576 Cheshire, England
  • Death: 1624 York County, Virginia, USA
  • Wife of immigrant Capt. Raleigh Croshaw (Esquire). Mother of Maj. Joseph Croshaw.
  • Family links:
  • Spouse:
  • Raleigh Croshaw (1570 - 1624)
  • Children:
    • Joseph Croshaw (1610 - 1667)*
  • Burial: Unknown
  • Created by: Kaaren Crail Vining
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 83478627
  • From: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=83478627

___________________________________

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