Rachel Croshaw, of the Powhatan

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Rachel Croshaw (Matachanna), of the Powhatan

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Brurton Parish,York,Virginia, Williamsburg, VA, United States
Death: circa 1646 (38-54)
North America, British Colonies, Virginia, York County, Bruton Parish, of, Williamsburg, VA, United States
Place of Burial: King William, King William County, Virginia, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Great King of Patawomeck and 2nd sister of Powhatan
Wife of Capt. Raleigh Croshaw, Ancient Planter and Thomas Bromfield
Partner of Thomas West, 3rd Baron de la Warre
Mother of Toby West
Sister of N.N., of Patawomeck

Managed by: Andrew Jonathan Smith
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Rachel Croshaw, of the Powhatan

Cousin of Pocahontas. Her birth date is uncertain. Some say circa 1595. Widely varying theoretical dates are given in internet postings by professional and amateur researchers. She accompanied Pocahontas on her trip to England in 1616.

Mother of Toby West (Chief Totopotomoy of the Pamunkey) [SIC] by Thomas West, 3rd Lord de la Warr, circa 1616.

Tribal historians say she later married Col. Joseph Croshaw, burgess, and became the mother of several of his children, including possibly (some say) Unity Croshaw married John West II, nephew of Thomas West, Lord de la Warr.

Death date is UNKNOWN, but 1646 according to several family trees on Ancestry.com (sources not shown).

SHE IS NOT KNOWN to have been buried on the Pamunkey reservation which was officially established as the permanent home of the Pamunkey tribe as early as 1648, but since the remains of earlier Pamunkey leaders Chief Opchanacanough and the great Powhatan were indeed brought to the burial mound on this site and interred here as legend says, with the remains of other tribal leaders, and her son Totopotomoy is here as well, then it is possible Toby West's mother Rachel Croshaw could be here, too.

William Deyo, official Pamunkey tribal historian, said, "Rachel Powhatan would not have been a sister of Pocahontas but a cousin (born about 1600). For Rachel to have the bloodline of the matrilineal royal succession, she had to have been a daughter or granddaughter of Powhatan's sister, whom I believe was the wife of the Great King of Patawomeck. When the King of Patawomeck called Opitchipam his brother, it was because he was actually his brother by marriage rather than his real brother, as by the words of Powhatan, himself, he only had 3 brothers by his mother (Opitchipam, Opechancanough, and Keckatough)."

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=138241640


This surname has been spelled variously as Croshaw, Croshawe, Crashaw, Crowshaw and Chroshaw.

Rawleigh was referred to as "Captain Rawleigh Crashaw, of Kequotan, gent., and ancient planter."[1]

NOTE by Chet SNOW: Rawleigh Chroshaw Esq., (AKA Capt. Rawleigh Crashaw), was from an old London merchant family; relatives were in the Virginia Company that founded Jamestown, VA on May 13, 1607. Captain Rawleigh emigrated to Jamestown in 1608 (in his 30s) and was elected to the VA House of Burgesses in 1623 when the colony gave him a grant of 500 acres at "Olde Poynt Comfort" near Kequotan (modern Hampton VA) across the James River. He had two sons: Joseph and Richard. [2]

Hentschel, Inwood, Lucas, Klein, Wheeler Family Tree says:

   •Name: Rawleigh Capt. Chroshaw 
   •Birth: 1574 in England 
   •Death: in York Co, Virginia 
   Marriage 1 Ursula Daniels b: 1576 in York Co, VA [sic = no Englishwoman was born in Virginia before 1610]
   Children: Katherine Chroshaw b: 1586 in Gravesend, Kent, England

Others say that he may have been born in 1569 or 1570; this seems more likely if he had a daughter in 1586.][3]

On March 13, 1625, Captain Francis West was referred to as administrator of Capt. Croshaw, so Croshaw died in November 1624 where he represented Elizabeth City. It was certainly after 1623, when he was given a grant of 500 acres at "Old Poynt Comfort."[4]

Hentschel, Inwood, Lucas, Klein, Wheeler Family Tree says:

   ID: I220555 
   Name: Rawleigh Capt. Chroshaw 
   Sex: M 
   Birth: 1574 in England •Death: in York Co, VA USA 
   Reference Number: 220555 

Marriage 1 Ursula Daniels b: 1576 [?] in York Co, VA [NOTE by Chet Snow: She may have been an English-born widow of _____ Daniels; see ref. below that claims Ursula was a Native American of Chief Powhatan's family][5]

Children: Katherine Chroshaw b: 1586 in Gravesend, Kent, England

[Note by Chet Snow: others say 1569 or 1570; this seems more likely if he had a daughter in 1586. Other sources say he was born in Lancashire - more research in England is needed to resolve his birth-place and parents.][6]

NOTE by Chet SNOW: Rawleigh Chroshaw Esq., (AKA Capt. Rawleigh Crashaw), was from an old London merchant family; relatives were in the Virginia Company that founded Jamestown, VA on May 13, 1607. Captain Rawleigh emigrated to Jamestown in 1608 (in his 30s) and was elected to the VA House of Burgesses in 1623 for Elizabeth City when the colony gave him a grant of 500 acres at "Olde Poynt Comfort" near Kequotan (modern Hampton VA. The name "Kequotan" referred to the Native American tribe living there; modern translated spelling is "Kecoughtan," now the name of a local high school.) across the James River. He had two sons: Joseph and Richard. [7]

http://genforum.genealogy.com/croshaw/messages/196.html

Re: Captain Raleigh Croshaw

Posted by: shirley Raymond (ID *****5471) Date: February 08, 2012

In Reply to: Captain Raleigh Croshaw by Sandra Sleeth Adams, 1999

"I descend from Raleigh Croshaw born 1570 England died 1624 Elizabeth River, Norfolk, Virginia; he married his 2nd wife Ursula Unity Patawomeck, daughter of great chief Patawomeck and her mother was possibly a sister to [Great Chief] Powhatan.

They had at least 5 children named Richard, Joseph, Benjamin, Noah, and Ursala Unity (notice difference in the spelling of Ursala for her mother Ursula).

Ursala Unity Croshaw married 1st Robert Blackwell; their son James Blackwell born 1647 York Co., Virginia died 1717 New Kent, Virginia, he married Lydia Turner born England, their daughter Lucie Blackwell born 1685 New Kent, Virginia (is my ancestor);Lucie died 1750 Hanover, Virginia.

Lucie Blackwell married Benjamin II Goodman/Goodwin they had 3 sons : Samuel,Robert and Benjamin III Goodman.

Robert Goodman born 1703 Isle Wright, Virginia, he died 1759 Hanover, Virginia; he married Mary (LNU); their son Bartelott Goodman born 1731 Hanover, Virginia died 1800 Iredell, North Carolina, he married Tabitha Gibson of Louisa, Virginia. They had at least 2 children: Ansel G.Goodman and John James Goodman.

John James Goodman born 1758 in Botetourt Co, Virginia died after 1800 in Greene co, Tennessee, he married Epharilla Thorpe, they had 9 children, their daughter Mary Sallie Goodman born 1779 in Botetourt Co, Virginia died 1855 in Wayne co, Tennessee she married Archibald Henry Lamb they had at least 8 children all of whom married into the Qualls and Austin families.

This is my direct line, I am looking for information on the great chief Patawomeck and who his wife was and a list of his daughter Ursula Unity Patawomeck and her siblings.

Shirley Raymond shirley778446@yahoo.com 918-962-3479

http://genforum.genealogy.com/cgi-bin/pageload.cgi?raleigh::croshaw::89.html

   "Upon the Mary and Margaret, a part of the Second Supply, traveled 38 year old Captain Raleigh Croshaw, Esq. from Crashaw, Lancashire, England, who later through his early experiences in protecting the young colony against the natives, achieved a reputation as a skilled Indian fighter, and is listed as an adventurer in the Virginia Company, 1618, 1620. When the massacre of 1622/3 occurred, Croshaw was on a trading cruise on the Potomac and at once challenged any of his men to fight him naked but the offer was not accepted. Raleigh Croshaw was elected to the House of Burgess for Elizabeth City in 1624 and died that same year. According to Land Office Patents and Grants in Virginia, Raleigh purchased 500 acres of land, but no date or county location was given. It was Raleigh’s granddaughter, UI, who tied the history of this remarkable man to the Blackwell lineage." by A J Searle in 2002. 

Sources

   ↑ #S43 Pages 278-279
   ↑ #S43 Pages 278-279. The name "Kequotan" referred to the Native American tribe living there; the modern translated spelling is "Kecoughtan," now the name of a local high school.
   ↑ Chet SNOW, 4 Feb 2014
   ↑ #S43 Pages 278-279
   ↑ Chet SNOW, March 23, 2014
   ↑ Chet Snow, 4 Feb 2014 & May 12, 2014
   ↑ http://books.google.fr/books?id=f8kWVOafFtQC&pg=PA611
   Source S43 William Glover Stanard, editor. The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography. Volume 30. Virginia Historical Society, 1922. [1] 
   http://www.jamestowne-wash-nova.org/RaleighCroshaw.htm 
   Washington & Northern Virginia Company -- Biographies of Ancestors of Members - Raleigh Cro(w)shaw [Amos Eagle Elliston Private] 
   Second Supply List[Mike Shaw Elliston Mike Shaw Elliston] 
   The Banner-Lillis Family Tree [Private User Private User] 

THE FIRST SEVENTEEN YEARS Virginia, 1607-1624, by Charles E. Hatch, Jr. - Violet Kawai Leung

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Rachel Croshaw, of the Powhatan's Timeline

1600
1600
Williamsburg, VA, United States
1616
1616
Age 16
England
1646
1646
Age 46
Williamsburg, VA, United States
????
King William, King William County, Virginia, United States