Rachel Langworthy (Hubbard)
|Birthplace:||Agawan, Springfield, Hampden, Massachusetts|
|Death:||Died in Westerly, Washington, Rhode Island|
Daughter of Samuel Hubbard and Tacy Hubbard
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Rachel Langworthy
Founder of 7th Day Baptist Church in America. See also "summary" under Events, here.
THE CHILDREN OF RACHEL AND ANDREW L:
Here's a summary - the reasoning will follow:
- Andrew and Rachel Langworthy had 10 children born before March 8, 1686, and all were still living at that time.
- Four of these 10 children were born before Nov 1, 1675. These would include Samuel, John (probably) and Andrew (probably).
- The other six children were born between Nov 1, 1675 and March 8, 1686. One of these may have been James, born ca 1680, but we know little about the others. It's likely that some them were daughters.
- Three of the 10 children died between March, 1686 and September, 1688, probably in a measles epidemic that swept the area.
How many children did Andrew and Rachel have, and when were they born?
In 1763 Ezra Stiles, who became the president of Yale, transcribed the gravestone of Samuel Hubbard, which was remarkable for the amount of information it conveyed. Unfortunately the stone was destroyed around 1765, so this transcription is all that remains. The stone, dated ca September, 1688, recorded the grandchildren of Samuel and Tacy Hubbard by each of their three daughters:
- Ruth, wife of Robert Burdick: 11, 1 dead, 10 living
- Rachel, wife of Andrew Langworthy: 10, 3 dead, 7 living
- Bethiah, wife of Joseph Clarke: 9 living
All three of Samuel Hubbard's sons-in-law were among the party which agreed to purchase land in Westerly in 1661. Only Robert Burdick and John Clarke actually moved there - Andrew Langworthy sold his Westerly land to William Reape before 1670. Andrew and his family stayed in Newport and it would seem from Samuel Hubbard's letters that the Langworthy family lived close to the Hubbards.
When King Philip's war broke out, many of the Westerly settlers went back to Newport for protection. Here are excepts from two of Samuel Hubbard's letters:
* (Nov 1, 1675) "My wife and 3 daughters, who are all here by reason of the Indian war, with their 15 children, desire to remember their christian love to you."
* (Nov 1676) "In the midst of these troubles of the war.... we sent a boat ...and my two daughters, and their children (one had eight, the other three, with an apprentice boy) all came... My son Clarke came afterwards before winter, and my other daughter's husband in the spring, and they have all been at my house until this day."
From these letters we learn that Samuel Hubbard had 15 grandchildren on November 1, 1675. The Burdicks had eight, the Clarkes had three, so Andrew and Rachel must have had four living children at the time.
Again from Samuel Hubbard:
(March 8, 1686) "And I may say with old Jacob, Gen.32, 10, that I came over with myself and God have made me 3 bands. This day I heard God have added one grandchild more to my store, that now I have grandchildren 28...."
The Westerly records show that the new grandchild was was Thomas Clarke, the eighth of the Clarke children. Because Ruth Burdick was 46 in 1686, it's likely that all 11 of the Burdick children had been born (this agrees with the Burdick Genealogy) and we know from another of Samuel Hubbard's letters that one of them had died: (Sept 25, 1683) "... at Westerly, the first day after the Sabbath, brother Burdick buried a son".
So in March, 1686 Samuel Hubbard had 28 grandchildren, of whom 8 were Clarkes and 10 were Burdicks, implying that 10 were Langworthys. So we now know that all of the Langworthy children were born before March 8, 1686 and that all of them were still alive at that date.
Now recall that the Hubbard memorial stone said there were 26 grandchildren living in September, 1688. The Clarkes had had their ninth child in April, so three grandchildren must have died between March 8, 1686 and September, 1688. They must have been children of Andrew and Rachel, because the only Burdick death was in 1683 and all the Clarke children were still alive in 1688. The probable cause of the death of Andrew and Rachel's children appears in another of Samuel Hubbard's letters:
(May 7, 1688) "The mesles is not gone here, my daughter Rachel have them and some of her family."
So summarizing the above argument:
* Andrew and Rachel (Hubbard) Langworthy had ten children. * Four of them were born before Nov 1, 1675. * Six children were born between Nov 1, 1675 and March 8, 1686. * Three of the children died between March 8, 1686 and November, 1688, probably of the measles.
Who were the children of Andrew and Rachel?
We can be sure of just one:
- Samuel: Affidavits by John Phillips and his wife Ruth, and by Joseph Crandall, both given in 1716 (after Samuel's death), stated that he was the oldest son of Andrew Langworthy. The implication, of course, is that there was more than one son. According to Torrey's "New England Marriages", Samuel was married in 1680, so I've assumed his birth date was ca 1660, which would have made him about 20 when he married.
- John: The 1692 rolls of the Sabbatarian Church of Newport, RI, show John and Elizabeth Langworthy as members. Because Rachel Hubbard Langworthy was a founding member of this church, this is taken as evidence that John was Rachel's son. John's wife, Elizabeth was born ca 1663, so I've assumed that John was born ca 1662, two years after Samuel.
- Andrew, of Little Compton: There are no records tying him to either Andrew or Rachel Langworthy, but his age is about right and his name, of course, makes this reasonable. More compelling is a deed in which Andrew Langworthy of Little Compton sells land in Westerly to Samuel Langworthy of Westerly. Two points raised by this deed:
1) How did Andrew Langworthy of Little Compton acquire the land in Westerly? Although records of land transactions are by no means complete, the only Langworthy known to have land in Westerly before this date was Andrew Langworthy of Newport.
2) Samuel Langworthy of Westerly is identified in another deed as the grandson of Andrew Langworthy of Newport. Deeds of this era generally contain several elaborate sentences in which the grantor guarantees to the grantee that the land is truly his and will never be contested by any of the grantor's heirs. But this particular deed is unusually elaborate in this regard, and may indicate that there was some relationship between Andrew and Samuel which required the extra emphasis.
Another important consideration is that some of Andrew's descendants were Seventh Day Baptists, which ties him back to Andrew and Rachel.
- James: The argument that James was the son of Andrew Langworthy of Newport rests on a deposition of about 1698 in which Rachel Langworthy, age about 56, and James Langworthy, age about 18, swore they saw an individual at Kingston, RI. Rachel's age agrees with the age of Rachel Hubbard Langworthy (1698 - 1642 = 56), so the assumption is that James was her son, born ca 1680.
It should be noted, though, that James and his family were not Baptists as were Andrew and Rachel. As far as we know, James's children were all married in and members of Trinity Church in Newport, so it seems the family was aligned with the traditional Anglican Church.
From where's Robert?
If you've read William Franklin Langworthy's book, or have seen one of the many online genealogies derived from it, you may wonder why Robert Langworthy, the supposed father of Thomas and Joseph Langworthy, doesn't appear among the children of Andrew and Rachel.
William Franklin Langworthy (WFL), relying on statements of elderly descendants, wrote that Robert Langworthy, son of Andrew and Rachel, married Mary Brownell and had the children: Robert (died young), Thomas, Joseph, and Mary (who died at the age of twelve). But as WFL said in 1940, there's no evidence at all that Robert existed, and that remains true today.
In fact the evidence shows that Thomas and Joseph were probably the sons of Andrew Langworthy of Little Compton and his wife Patience Brownell:
The vital records of Little Compton, Rhode Island show the birth of Joseph Langworthy, son of Andrew, May 10, 1710 (Arnold V4, p.134). The father could not have been Andrew(1630), who seems to have died around 1690, so it must have been a different, probably younger man whom I'll call Andrew(1675). In a deed dated 1742, Joseph Langworthy of Stonington sold land in Little Compton which he and his brother Thomas had received from their grandfather, Robert Brownell (Bristol Co. Land Records, No. 31, p 283, or WFL p.319). This shows that Joseph and Thomas were brothers, hence Thomas was also the son of Andrew(1675). This same deed also shows that Andrew(1675) must have married a daughter of Robert Brownell. However it wasn't Mary: Mary Brownell actually married William Congdon in Little Compton, RI, March 3, 1693 (Arnold, V4, p38); he outlived her and later married her sister, Margaret Brownell. Robert Brownell had daughters Mary, Margaret, Patience and Ann. As we've seen, Mary and Margaret married William Congdon, which leaves Patience and Ann as candidates for Andrew(1675)'s wife. Andrew(1675) died around 1720, leaving his widow with several children. She married John Sanford, a widower, who then moved the family to Stonington, CT. He seems to have been a good fellow because there are many Sanford Langworthys among the descendants of Joseph and Thomas. The vital records of Little Compton show that John Sanford married Patience Langworthy Oct 9, 1722 (Arnold, V4, p.38), and the Stonington Land Records show a deed by John Sanford and his wife Patience, witnessed by Thomas Langworthy (Stonington Land Records, V4, p.110). In summary:
Joseph and Thomas Langworthy were the sons of Andrew(1675), and their mother was Patience Brownell. (You can find another detailed discussion with the same conclusions in The American Genealogist, V29, p.22 and V35, p109.) There is no reason to assume that Andrew(1630) had a son named Robert, because no Robert Langworthy appears in Rhode Island records until much later. The use of that name in later generations probably derives from Robert Brownell, the grandfather who left property to Thomas and Joseph. I should note that WFL does assign a son named Andrew to Andrew(1630), but claims that he died at the fort in Newport in 1739. As will be seen in the discussion of immigrants before 1750:
The records show that an Andrew Langworthy was among those at the fort in Newport who contracted smallpox in 1739. The mortality rate seems to have been around 25%, and Andrew is not one of those said to have died. There were several Andrew Langworthys at large in Newport during the years 1730 - 1740, and the fellow who appears at the fort was probably one of the 'others'.
1. Andrew and Rachel probably had ten children. A transcription of Samuel Hubbard's gravestone in 1763 included:
"Rachel, spouse of Andrew Langworthy: 10, 3 dead, 7 living"
Letters from Samuel Hubbard and other records show four children born before November 1, 1675; six children born between November 1, 1675 and March 8, 1686; and three children died between March 8, 1886 and November 168 8, probably of measles.
Samuel is the only child confirmed of the ten but we have recorded what are probably the others.
Name: Rachel Hubbard
Birth Date: Mar 7, 1642
Birth Place: Springfield, Mass
Death Date: aft Sep 17, 1699
Father: Samuel Hubbard (1610->1688)
Mother: Tase Cooper (1608->1688)
1Andrew Langworthy (ca 1630)
Birth Date: ca 1630
Birth Place: Probably Devonshire, England
Death Date: aft Jul 4, 169039
Marr Date: Nov 3, 1658
Marr Place: Newport, RI
Notes for Rachel Hubbard
Rachel Hubbard was the daughter of Samuel and Tase (Cooper) Hubbard and was born March 10, 1642, at Agawam, now Springfield, Mass. She was taken by her parents to Fairfield, Conn., in 1647 and later, Oct. 12, 1648, to Rhode Island.
1658, Nov. 3. Married Andrew Langworthy.
1661, Sept. 29. Baptized by Elder John Crandall.
1666, Jan. 15. Began "keeping of the Lord's holy 7th day Sabbath."
1671, Dec. 23. Entered into a church covenant with William Hiscox, Stephen Mumford, Samuel Hubbard, Roger Baster, Sister Hubbard and Sister Mumford (Organization of the first Seventh Day Baptist Church in America).
1674, Sep. 30. Was baptized and had hands laid on her by Rev. William Hiscox of the Seventh Day Baptist Church. (Down to the present time a large part of the descendants of Andrew and Rachel have been members of that church.)
May 7, 1688, Samuel Hubbard wrote to Richard Brooks of Boston, "The mesles is not gone here, my daughter Rachel have them and some of her family."
1692. On church membership list at Newport.
1699, Sept. 17. Member of a committee of the church to visit Sarah Tifft in answer to her request.
WFL asserted that two other references applied to her:
“* 1708, July 21. On church list.
- 5d. 9m. 1712 follows above entry. It has been suggested that it is the date of Rachel's death.”
However these last references come from the church lists at Westerly, not Newport, so they may apply to Samuel Langworthy’s wife or daughter. Moreover 5d. 9m. 1712 means that the individual was on the Westerly membership list taken on that date, and it appears after many names. It’s really a proof that a person was alive at that time.
Rachel Langworthy's Timeline
March 10, 1642
Agawan, Springfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
Kings (now Washington Co.), Rhode Island, USA
Newport Co., RI, USA
September 30, 1674
Rev. William Hicox, Seventh Day Baptist Church
Newport Co., RI, USA
Sakonnet, Newport Co., RI, USA