Rachel Jane H. Horne

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Rachel Jane H. Horne (Roberson)

Birthplace: Andrew County, Missouri, United States
Death: Died in Tulsa, Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States
Cause of death: Senilty
Place of Burial: Tulsa, Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Rufus Morgan Roberson and Elizabeth A. Roberson
Wife of William Steven Horne
Mother of Nancy Horne; Elizabeth Isadore "Lizzie" "Icy" Clark; Martha Nancy "Marthy" Freeman; Mary Adelaid Klingerman; George Rufus Redman Horn and 5 others
Sister of Robert R. Hammond and White Woman

Managed by: Justin Swanström
Last Updated:

About Rachel Jane H. Horne

Rachel (Roberson) Horn (1847-1932). She was apparently named for her mother's sister Rachel Lomax. She was born 13 July 1847. Her aunt Rachel was married a week later, on 22 July 1847.

Rachel's grandson August Horn remembered that Rachel smoked a corncob pipe. Another granddaughter, Laura Brasier, talked about a relative, perhaps Rachel, who smoked a corncob pipe (Beebe).

According to her descendants, Rachel's sympathies were with the South during the Civil War ("She was one of the onriest Rebels there was."), while those of her husband were with the North. Rachel's family was southern, her father owned a slave and fought for the Confederacy, and the Cherokees sympathized with the Confederacy. Missouri, a slave state, was bitterly divided during the Civil War. Although a state convention voted in 1861 not to leave the Union, guerrilla fighting throughout the state was both bitter and bloody during and after the war.

Rachel married Union veteran William Horne in 1868 in Atchison County, three years after the Civil War ended.

The 1900 census says she was the mother of eight children, of whom seven were then living. She might not, then, have been the mother of her husband's two or three oldest children. Philip Horn appears on one of the lists of her children prepared by her granddaughter Evelyn Miller, but not on the others. It is possible that Philip was a middle name of one of the other children.

Their house burned on 10 March 1896, and they were left destitute. Then, her husband died six months later, on 22 October 1896. An neighbor's affidavit, prepared in support of Rachel's widow's pension, said the "house was burned up he lived in the house as a tenant and I know that Rachel J. Horne is now entirely destitute has no real estate or personal property except a few chickens and their clothes on their person, and Rachel J. Horne has to borrow clothes when she goes to town on business."

She survived her husband by over 40 years. She began receiving a pension as a Civil War widow on 16 November 1896. Her husband's Civil War pension application shows some of her subsequent movements. She was at Nishnabotna on 16 November 1896. On 23 January 1897 her total property was valued at $118. She was at Tulsa, Oklahoma in May 1919. at Grandview, Jackson County, Missouri (visiting) on 19 June 1919, and at Wolcott, Wyandotte County, Kansas on 29 September 1919. (Pension Application).

In 1900 she appears on the census as Rachal Horn, in Lincoln, Oklahoma, with daughter Mary A. Klingerman, and granddaughter Lilly M. Klingerman.

In 1910 she appears on the census as Rachal J. Horn (61) in Oklahoma City, with married granddaughter Ida B. Usher (20) in her household. Pierson and Lucy Brasier, the parents of her granddaughter's husband, were living next door. On the other side was the family of Rachel's daughter Martha Freeman, and on the other side of Martha was the family of Rachel's daughter Lizzie Clark.

In 1920 she was in Kansas. She and her son Frank were renting the house next door to her daughter Lydia Record in 1920 at Prairie Township in Wyndotte County.

In 1930 she appears on the census as Rachael Horn (83), living in a rented house at 1301 S. Oswego Street in Tulsa, Oklahoma. Also in her household were her unmarried son Frank (44), son-in-law C.I. Rogers (53), and daughter Lizzie (59).


Her ancestry is disputed. Family tradition says she was Indian, but there are differences of opinion about tribe to which she belonged. Her mtDNA is J1c8, a group common around the Irish Sea, so she cannot have been full Indian.

Some of her descendants say she was an adopted daughter of Rufus Roberson and Elizabeth (Lomax) Roberson. Other descendants, as well as the 1850 and 1860 censuses, show her as their daughter.

The Dawes Roll

The Dawes Roll was a registry of members of the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole) compiled between 1893 and 1907. More than 250,000 people applied for membership. The Dawes Commission enrolled just over 100,000. Applicants were required to demonstrate that they had ancestors who were members of the tribe and that they themselves lived in Indian Territory (Oklahoma).

Dawes registration was headline news, Rachel's pension application shows she was destitute, and she lived in Oklahoma for a time during the registration period. Rachel did not apply for registration, which suggests she did not have Cherokee ancestry.

Descendant Cindy Furlong Burgess believes she found Rachel and her husband on the Dawes Roll but does not give a citation. That record is said to show William Horn as Dutch from Big Stone Gap, Virginia and Rachel as Indian. The relevant record might be Card No. 1237, which has a Rachel Horn as 1/2 blood and her husband William Horn as 1/4 blood. If that it is the record, it is for a different family. See the profiles for William Horn and Rachel (Lee) Horn for details. That William was a descendant of David "Dutchman" Horn.

Connection to the Catches Family

A picture of Peter V. Catches is labeled "great grandson of Rachel Horn's sister." The picture is taken from a magazine circa 1960 and shows a Lakota boy in Fancy Dance costume. It was part of the estate of Rachel's great grandson Ridge Durand. The handwriting is that of Rachel's granddaughter Evelyn Miller. If the identification were strictly accurate, Rachel and her otherwise unknown sister would have been daughters of Big Ribs and Her Red Horses. However, it seems likely the actual relationship was a step or hunka relationship.

One possible solution would be that Rachel was a sister of White Woman, the second wife of James Catch-the-Enemy, who was a great uncle of Peter V. Catches. .

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Rachel Jane H. Horne's Timeline

July 13, 1847
Andrew County, Missouri, United States
Age 19
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
Age 21
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
June 29, 1872
Age 24
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
December 1873
Age 26
Atchison, MO, USA
January 27, 1876
Age 28
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
November 5, 1877
Age 30
Atchison, MO, USA
February 1880
Age 32
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States
June 21, 1881
Age 33
Clay, Atchison County, Missouri, United States