Rachel Regina Offen

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Rachel Regina Offen

Birthplace: Debica, Dębica County, Podkarpackie, Poland
Death: Bełżec, Tomaszów Lubelski County, Lubelskie, Poland (Murdered during Holocaust)
Immediate Family:

Wife of Abraham Korn
Mother of Moritz Korn

Managed by: Judith Nathan Elam
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Rachel Regina Offen

United States Holocaust Memorial Desig #483.20 W/S #72619

 Museum Photo Archives                                        CD # 0471
 This image is for reference purposes only!
 Mug shot of Tarnow ghetto resident Regina (Offen) Korn
 born: May 28, 1891 in Debica, Poland
 occupation: none
 schooling: elementary school through 5th grade
 address: Mozartstr. 12
 The Institut fuer deutsche Ostarbeit (Institute for German
 Work in the East or IdO) was a Nazi research institute
 established in Krakow during the German occupation whose
 mission was to gather information and make evaluations
 about Poland's population and resources and their potential
 for exploitation.  Among its tasks was the research and
 identification of 'racial types' in Poland in order to help
 devise and implement a plan to restructure Polish society
 along racial lines.  It was believed that such a
 restructuring would foster 'Germanness,' eliminate 'racial
 mixing' and otherwise help 'secure the military victory and
 political leadership of the German people' in occupied
 Poland.  Founded in April 1940 by Hans Frank, Governor of
 the General Government, the IdO quickly grew to include
 eleven sections, which corresponded to the faculties of a
 future university to be opened after the war.  One of these
 was the Sektion Rasse und Volkstumsforschung (Section for
 Racial and Ethnic Research), which itself had three
 sub-sections: anthropology, ethnology and Jewish studies.
 IdO staff conducted racial-biological research on Poles,
 Ukrainians, ethnic Germans, Gypsies, Jews and a host of
 smaller ethnic groups in occupied Poland from 1940 to 1944.
 Researchers performed numerous physical and psychological
 examinations on their subjects, collected hair samples and
 genealogical data and took photographs of individuals,
 groups and their immediate surroundings.  Among the sites
 selected for racial study by the IdO's Jewish sub-section
 was the Tarnow ghetto.  The Tarnow study was a joint
 project of the IdO and Dr. Dora Kahlich-Koenner, a racial
 anthropologist from the Anthropology Institute of the
 University of Vienna.  Kahlich-Koenner, who was at this
 time involved in a study of full and racially-mixed Jews
 living in Vienna, sought to examine a large group of Jews
 from Poland, the ancestral homeland of most Viennese Jews,
 in order to gather comparative material for her Viennese
 investigation.  The Tarnow racial study was conducted
 between March 23 and April 2, 1942, only a few months prior
 to the mass deportation of Jews from the ghetto.  It was
 carried out by Elfriede Fliethmann of the IdO and Dr.
 Kahlich-Koenner.  The research team worked in cooperation
 with the security police and the SD, which provided room
 and board for the researchers and instructed the local
 Jewish council to make ghetto residents available for the
 [Source: Burleigh, Michael. Germany Turns Eastwards: A
 Study of Ostforschung in the Third Reich. Cambridge,
 Cambridge University Press, 1988. pp.253-300; National
 Museum of American History. 'Introduction' to the Institut
 fuer deutsche Ostarbeit collection finding aid.]
 Photo Credit: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of 
               Naturhistorisches Museum
 Date: Mar 23, 1942 - Apr 2, 1942
 Place: Locale: Tarnow
        Region: Krakow       
        Country: Poland       
 Photographer: No photographer recorded
 Source(s):  1. NATURHISTORISCHES MUSEUM; (TJ 0383)   neg. 
 Medium/Format: printout
 Designation: 483.20  (GHETTOS (MINOR) -- (T))
           TARNOW; WOMEN
Updated: 08/21/2003
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Rachel Regina Offen's Timeline

June 1, 1891
Debica, Dębica County, Podkarpackie, Poland
October 16, 1927
Age 36
Leipzig, Saxony, Germany
Bełżec, Tomaszów Lubelski County, Lubelskie, Poland