Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell

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Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell

Also Known As: "Ralph de Cromwell"
Birthplace: Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England, (Present UK)
Death: Died in Horncastle, Lincolnshire, England, (Present UK)
Immediate Family:

Son of Ralph de Cromwell, V and Anice de Cromwell (Bellars)
Husband of Maud Cromwell
Father of Mary Whitney (Cromwell); Elizabeth Benstead; Maud Fitzwilliams; William Cromwell; Avice Bardolf and 3 others

Occupation: Lord of Cromwell
Managed by: Brian Dennis Siney
Last Updated:

About Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell

Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell

Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell (died 27 August 1398), Tattershall in Lincolnshire, was an English peer. He was summoned to the House of Lords as Lord Cromwell in 1375. [1]

Cromwell died in August, 1398, and was succeeded in the barony by his son, Ralph.

From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_de_Cromwell,_1st_Baron_Cromwell


  • Sir Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13
  • M, #16381, b. circa 1335, d. 27 August 1398
  • Father Sir Ralph Cromwell2,14,15 b. c 1312, d. c 28 Oct 1364
  • Mother Amice de Bellers2,14,15 d. a 21 Apr 1367
  • Sir Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell was born circa 1335 at Cromwell, Nottinghamshire, West Hallam, Derbyshire, England.2 He married Maud Bernake, daughter of Sir John Bernake and Joan Marmion, before 20 January 1352; They had 6 sons (Sir Ralph, 2nd Lord Cromwell; Robert; Sir William; Thomas; John; & Roger, a clerk) and 3 daughters (Elizabeth, wife of Sir John de Clifton, & of Sir Edward Benstead; Avice, wife of Sir Thomas, 5th Lord Bardolf; & Maud, wife of Sir William FitzWilliam).2,3,5,7,15,8,9,10,13 Sir Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell died on 27 August 1398 at of Cromwell, Nottinghamshire, England.2,5,15
  • Family Maud Bernake b. c 1337, d. 10 Apr 1419
  • Children
    • Elizabeth de Cromwell+5,6,15,10,12 b. c 1355, d. 24 Sep 1391
    • Maud Cromwell+16,17,5,7,13 b. c 1357, d. a 1415
    • Sir Ralph Cromwell, 2nd Lord Cromwell, Constable of Castle Rising+5 b. bt 1358 - 1368, d. c 2 May 1417
    • Avice Cromwell+18,3,4,5,8,11 b. c 1363, d. 1 Jul 1421
  • Citations
  • [S4664] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. III, p. 308; Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists, p. 171; Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, 4th Ed., by F. L. Weis, p. 150; The Ancestry of Dorothea Poyntz, by Ronny O. Bodine, p. 93.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 494.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 104-105.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 524.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 569-570.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 146-147.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 216.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 255.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 343.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 257.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 270.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 553-554.
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 675.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 569.
  • [S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 505.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 332.
  • [S15] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, p. 349.
  • [S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 494-495.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p545.htm#i16381


  • Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell1
  • M, #103013, d. 27 August 1398
  • Last Edited=20 Feb 2011
  • Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell was the son of Ralph de Cromwell and Anice de Bellers.2 He married Maud de Bernake, daughter of John de Bernake and Joan de Berkeley, before 20 June 1366.2 He died on 27 August 1398.3
  • In March 1366/67 he obtained the Tattershall estate through his wife.2 He was created 1st Lord Cromwell [England by writ] on 28 December 1375.2 He lived at Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England.1
  • Children of Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell and Maud de Bernake
    • Anice de Cromwell+1 d. 1 Jul 1421
    • Elizabeth de Cromwell+4 d. 1393/94
    • Maud de Cromwell+5
    • Ralph de Cromwell, 2nd Lord Cromwell+3 b. c 1368, d. 1417
  • Citations
  • [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 420. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • [S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 982. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 552.
  • [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 308.
  • [S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10302.htm#i103013


  • Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 2nd Edition ...
  • https://books.google.com/books?id=8JcbV309c5UC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Magna+Carta+ancestry:+a+study+in+colonial&hl=en&sa=X&ei=kshLUY2yHM_SigKTqYHwAg&ved=0CDwQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=CLIFTON&f=false
  • Pg.570
  • Prior and convent of Kirby-on-Wreak, Nottinghamshire. They also had license to grant messuages, land, and rent in Kirby Bellars, Leicester, Stapleford, Wymondham, Leesthorpe, Buckminster, Sewstern, Market Harborough, and Ab-Kettleby, Leicestershire to the Prior and convent of Kirby Bellars, the said Ralph retaining land in Buckminster and Sewstern, Leicestershire. His wife, Maud, was co-heiress in 1394 to her cousin, Mary Percy, wife of John Roos, 5th Lord Roos of Helmsley, by which she inherited the manor and advowson of Candlesby, Lincolnshire. In 1394 he and his wife, Maud, obtained a papal indult to celebrate mass before daybreak. SIR RALPH DE CROMWELL, 1st Lord Cromwell, died 27 Aug. 1398. His widow, Maud, died 10 April 1419. She left a will dated 14 Sept. 1416, codicil dated 1 Jan. 1417.
    • .... etc.
  • Children of Maud de Bernake, by Ralph de Cromwell, Knt.:
    • i. RALPH CROMWELL, Knt., 2nd Lord Cromwell, of Cromwell, Basford, Bleasby, Hucknall Torkard, and Lambley, Nottinghamshire, and West Hallam, Derbyshire, Constable of Castle Rising, Norfolk, 1404-17, son and heir, born about 1358-68 (aged 30 & more in 1398). He married (1st) before 30 May 1372 (date of fine) ELIZABETH ____ . They had no issue. He married (2nd) about 29 Sept. 1387 (by contract dated 3 July 1387) JOAN GRAY, widow of John Heron, Knt., and daughter of Thomas Gray, Knt., of Heaton (in Norham), Doddington, etc., Northumberland, by Margaret, daughter and heiress of William de Presfen (or Pressen). They
    • Pg.571
    • had one son, Ralph, Knt. [3rd Lord Cromwell], and two daughters, Maud and Juliane (wife of John Culpeper, Knt., John Braunspath, Knt., and Robert Fenne, Esq.). He was summoned to Parliament from 19 Aug. 1399 to 3 Sept. 1417, by writs directed Radulfo de Comwell'. In 1399-1400 he had license to grant land in Skirbeck, Lincolnshire to the Prior and Carmelite friars of Boston, he retaining land in Boston and Skirbeck, Lincolnshire. In 1400 he sued William Neweport, Knt., for the manor of Curborough, Staffordshire. In 1407 he presented to the perpetual chantry of Lambley, Nottinghamshire. SIR RALPH CROMWELL, 2nd Lord Cromwell, died shortly before 2 May 1417. His widow, Joan, left a will dated 26 July 1434, prove 10 Aug. 1434. He and his wife were buried in the church at Lambley, Nottinghamshire. .... etc.
    • Children of Ralph Cromwell, Knt., by Joan Gray:
      • a. RALPH CROMWELL, Knt., 3rd Lord Cromwell, Privy Councillor, Captain of Harfleur, Constable of Rising Castle, 1431, King's Chamberlain, Lord High Treasurer, 1433-43, Master of the King's Mews and Falcons, 1436, Constable of Nottingham Castle and Warden of Sherwood Forest, 1445, son and heir, born Jan. 1393. As a young man, he fought at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415. He became a trusted captain in 1417, and was present at the successful assault that year on Caen and on other major towns in Normandy. He acted as lieutenant for Thomas of Lancaster, Duke of Clarence, in 1418, and then as a member of the king's general staff, he helped to negotiate the Treaty of Troyes which marked the zenich of English power in France. He was summoned to Parliament from 29 Sept. 1422 to 26 May 1455. In 1422 he was one of four knights appointed to help the thirteen great lords of the Council to rule England during Henry VI's minority. He married before 3 Nov. 1423 MARGARET DEINCOURT, daughter of John Deincourt, Knt., 5th Lord Deincourt, by Joan, daughter of Robert Grey, Knt., 4th Lord Grey of Rotherfield [see ODDINGSELES 6.v.a for her ancestry]. She was born 21 Sept. 1405. They had no issue. His wife, Margaret, was co-heiress in 1422 to her brother, William Deincourt, 6th Lord Deincourt. He presented to the churches of Whitwell, Derbyshire, 1429, and Lambley, Nottinghamshire, 1446. In 1430 John Gra, Knt. owed him a debt of £1000. In 1432 he was dismissed from the Council and the office of king's chamberlain, but was restored to power upon Bedford's return to England in 1422. In 1440 he founded a college of chantry priest and almshouse at Tattershall, Lincolnshire. In 1453 he was suspected of complicity in a Yorkist Rising; he was examined by the Star Chamber and cleared himself. His wife, Margaret, died 15 Sept. 1454. In 1454-5 he had license to grant the manor of Woodthorpe, Maltby, and Cherry Willingham, and a messuage, land, and rent in Waddington, Washingborough, Haydor, and Birton, Lincolnshire to the Master and chaplains of the almshouse of Tattershall, retaining the manor of Burwell, Lincolnshire. SIR RALPH CROMWELL, 3rd Lord Cromwell, died at Wingfield, Derbyshire 4 Jan. 1455/6. He left a will date3d 18 Dec. 1451, proved 19 Feb. 1455/6. He and his wife were buried in Tattershall Collegiate Church, Lincolnshire. At his deaath, all of his chattels and moveables were sold to provide for the endowment of Tattershall College and the rebuilding of the church of Lambley, Nottinghamshire. .... etc.
      • Pg.572
      • b. MAUD CROMWELL, married (as his 2nd wife) RICHARD STANHOPE, Knt., of Rampton, Nottinghamshire. They had one son, Henry, and two daughters, Maud and Joan (wife of Humphrey Bourchier, Lord Cromwell and Robert Radclyffe, Knt.). SIR RICHARD STANHOPE died in 1436. .... etc.
      • Children of Maud Cromwell, by Richard Stanhope, Knt.:
        • 1) MAUD STANHOPE, married (1st) ROBERT WILLOUGHBY, K.G., 6th Lord Willoughby of Eresby [see WILLOUGHBY 8.i]; (2nd) THOMAS NEVILLE, Knt. [see WILLOUGHBY 8.i]; (3rd) GERVASE CLIFTON, Knt. [see CLIFTON 10].
        • 2) JOAN STANHOPE, married (1st) HUMPHREY BOURGCHIER, Knt., Lord Cromwell [see YORK 11.i.b]; (2nd) ROBERT RADCLIFFE, Knt. [see YORK 11.i.b].
    • ii. WILLIAM CROMWELL, Knt., of Little Markham and Tuxford, Nottinghamshire, younger son. He married ___ . He had one son, Robert, Knt. SIR WILLIAM CROMWELL died testate 1 (or 4) Sept. 1428. No living descendants. .... etc.
    • iii. ELIZABETH DE CROMWELL [see next].
    • iv. AMICE (or AVICE) CROMWELL, married THOMAS BARDOLF, Knt., 5th Lord Bardolf [see BARDOLF 8.i].
    • v. MAUD CROMWELL, married WILLIAM FITZWILLIAM, Knt., of Sprotborough, Yorkshire [see FITZWILLIAM 7].320
  • 9. ELIZABETH DE CROMWELL, married JOHN DE CLIFTON, Knt., of Buckenham, Babingley, Denton, Hilborough, West Bradenham, etc. Norfolk, son and heir of Constantine de Clifton, of Buckenham, Norfolk, by Katherine, daughter of William de la Pole, Knt. He was born about 1353 (aged 15 in 1368). They had one son, Constantine, Esq. or Gent. [2nd Lord Clifton], and one daughter, Katherine. He was summoned to Parliament from 1 Dec. 1376 to 28 July 1388, by writs directed Johanni de Clyfton, wherehy he is held to have become Lord Clifton. SIR JOHN DE CLIFTON, 1st Lord Clifton, died at Rhodes 10 Aug. 1388. His widow, Elizabeth, married (2nd) EDWARD BENSTEAD (or BENSTEDE), Knt., of Hertingfordbury, Herfordshire, Sheriff of Essex and Herfordshire, 1379-80, 1399-1400, Knight of the Shire for Hertfordshire, 1384, 1397. Elizabeth, Lady Clifton, died 24 Sept. 1391.
  • Pg.573
  • Children of Elizabeth de Cromwell, by John de Clifton, Knt.:
    • i. CONSTANTINE DE CLIFTON, 2nd Lord Clifton [see next].
    • ii. KATHERINE CLIFTON, married (1st) RALPH GREENE, Esq., of Drayton (in Lowick), Northamptonshire [see FELBRIGG 8]; (2nd) SIMON FELBRIGG, K.G. of Felbrigg, Norfolk [see FELBRIGG 8].
  • 10. CONSTANTINE DE CLIFTON, Esq. or Gent., 2nd Lord Clifton, of Buckenham, Attleborough, Babingley, Hilborough, etc., Norfolk, Little Waltham, Essex, etc., son and heir, born about 1372 (aged 16 in 1388, aged 19 1/2 in 1391). He married after Feb. 1389/90 MARGARET HOWARD, daughter of Robert Howard, Knt., of East Winch, Fersfield, and Wiggenhall, Norfolk, by Margaret (or Margery), daughter of Robert de Scalles, 3rd Lord Scales .... etc.


  • Ralph CROMWELL (Sir)
  • Died: 27 Aug 1398
  • Father: Ralph De CROMWELL (Lord of Cromwell)
  • Mother: Amice De BELLERS
  • Married 1: Margaret DEINCOURT (dau. of John Deincourt, 5th B. Deincourt, and Joan Grey) BEF 1365
  • Married 2: Maud BERNAKE (b. ABT 1346 - d. 10 Apr 1419) BEF 20 Jun 1366
  • Children:
    • 1. Elizabeth CROMWELL
    • 2. Maud CROMWELL
    • 3. Mary CROMWELL
    • 4. Avice CROMWELL
    • 5. Ralph CROMWELL
    • 6. Juliana CROMWELL
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CROMWELL.htm#Ralph CROMWELL (Sir)1


  • The dictionary of national biography : .... Supplement Vol. II.
  • https://archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati02leesuoft
  • https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati02leesuoft#page/90/mode/1up
  • CROMWELL, RALPH, fourth Baron Cromwell (1394?-1456), lord treasurer of England, is said (G. E. C[OKEYNE], Complete Peerage, ii. 430) to have been born about 1403, but as he is described as twenty-six years of age in 1420 (Inq. post mortem, 7 Henry V, No. 72) and was a member of the council in 1422, he can hardly have been born later than 1394. The mistake, repeated by all the peerages, arose from Dugdale's misreading of the above inquisition. His grandfather, Ralph de Cromwell, second baron (d. 1398), whose exact relationship to John de Cromwell (d. 1365?), styled first baron, is uncertain, married Maud, daughter of John Bernake of Tattershall, Lincolnshire, thereby acquiring considerable property in that county, and was summoned to parliament as a baron from 28 Dec. 1375 to 6 Nov. 1397. He died on 27 Aug. 1398, leaving by his widow (d. 10 April 1419) one son, Ralph, third baron (1368-1417), who by his wife Joanna was father of the subject of this article.
  • Cromwell first appears as serving in Henry V's retinue at the battle of Agincourt on 15 Oct. 1415 (NICOLAS, Agincourt, p. 378), and throughout the reign he continued fighting in France. On 4 Sept. 1418 he was present when Henry took Caen by assault (HARDY, Rotuli Normanniæ, p. 195), and in the following March, when Henry retired to Caen and Bayeux, 'leaving the subjugation of Normandy to be prosecuted eastwards and westwards by Clarence, Gloucester, and Huntingdon,' Cromwell acted as Clarence's lieutenant and constable of the army. He was present at the capture of
  • https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati02leesuoft#page/91/mode/1up
  • Courtonne on 6 March, of Chambrays on the 9th, and of Rivière-Thibonville on the 11th (ib. pp. 265,292,294,303; RYMER, Fædera, ix, 549, 551-2, 554; RAMSAY, Lancaster and York, i. 248, 257). He is throughout these operations styled 'chivaler,' though his father is said to have died in 1417. In May 1420 he was one of the commissioners who assisted Henry in negotiating the peace of Troyes with the Queen of France and the Duke of Burgundy (RYMER, ix. 910).
  • Cromwell had during Henry V's reign never been summoned to the privy council, though he is spoken of as taking part 'in curia nostra militari' (ib. ix. 551). But he had gained the confidence of Henry V and of his brother John, duke of Bedford, and during the minority of Henry VI he at once assumed, in spite of his youthfulness, an important position among the lords of the council. He was first summoned to parliament on 29 Sept. 1422, and in November he was one of the lords appointed in parliament to form the council of regency (Rot. Parl. iv. 175 ; NICOLAS, Ord. P. C. iii. 16). Soon afterwards he was appointed chamberlain of the exchequer, and on 29 Jan. 1426 he was one of those sent to mediate with Humfrey, duke of Gloucester and reconcile him with Cardinal Beaufort. He seems to have generally sided with Beaufort against Gloucester, and on 1 March 1432, during Beaufort's absence in France, Gloucester seized the opportunity to remove the cardinal's friends from office. Cromwell lost the chamberlainship of the exchequer, and John Tiptoft, baron Tiptoft [q. v.], the stewardship of the household. In the following May he was warned not to bring more than his usual retinue to parliament, but on 16 June, following Beaufort's example, he laid his case before the House of Lords. He complained that he had been dismissed without cause shown and contrary to the ordinances of 1429, by which the council's proceedings were regulated. He appealed to testimonials from Bedford as to the value of his services in France, but an assurance that he left office without a stain on his character was all the satisfaction he could get (Rot. Parl. iv. 392; STUBBS, iii. 115 ; RAMSAY, Lancaster and York, i. 439).
  • In the summer of 1433 Bedford returned to England, and during his visit the disgraced ministers were restored to power. Cromwell was made lord treasurer, and during the prorogation of parliament he 'prepared an elaborate statement of the national accounts' (STUBBS, iii. 117). This important statement was laid before parliament on 18 Oct. (Rot. Parl. iv. 433-8 ; RAMSAY, i 452), and led to various attempts at financial reform (STUBBS, iii. 118). But after the death of Bedford in 1435 Gloucester's opposition prevented any satisfactory measures. In 1436 Cromwell led a contingent to the relief of Calais, which was then besieged by the Duke of Burgundy. In the same year he was appointed master of the king's mews and falcons, and in 1441 he was one of the commissioners nominated to inquire into the alleged sorceries and witchcraft of the Duchess of Gloucester (English Chron. ed. Davies, p. 58).
  • In July 1443 Cromwell resigned the treasury, for reasons that are not quite clear. Possibly his resignation was due to jealousy of the rising influence of William de la Pole, first duke of Suffolk [q. v.], who now succeeded Beaufort as the most influential adviser of the king. In 1445 Cromwell was made constable of Nottingham Castle and warden of Sherwood Forest, but he does not again come prominently forward until 1449, when he led the attack on Suffolk. One of Suffolk's partisans was William Tailboys, a Lincolnshire squire, with whom Cromwell had had some local disputes (see Paston Letters, i. 96, 98) ; and on 28 Nov. 1449 as he was entering the Star-chamber Cromwell was hustled by Tailboys. Cromwell accused Tailboys and Suffolk of intending his death; they denied the charge, but Tailboys was sent to the Tower, and two months later Suffolk's connection with Tailboys was one of the charges brought against him (WILLIAM WORCESTER, p. 766 ; Paston Letters, i. 96, 97; Rot. Parl. v. 181, 208 ; STUBBS, iii. 145 n.)
  • The fall of Suffolk let loose a flood of personal jealousies, and among Cromwell's enemies were Yorkists as well as Lancastrians, though he seems to have belonged to the former party. He demanded security from parliament against Henry Holland, duke of Exeter (Rot. Parl. v. 264), but he was also at enmity with Warwick (Paston Letters, i. 345). When in 1455 the Duke of York was dismissed from the protectorship Cromwell seems to have joined him, and possibly fought at the first battle of St. Albans on 22 May. In July following he was accused of treason by Robert Collinson, a priest, as having instigated 'the male journey of Seynt Albons' (ib.) Nothing seems to have come of the charge, and Cromwell died on 4 Jan. 1455-6 (ib. iii. 425).
  • Cromwell's will, dated at Collyweston, Northamptonshire, was proved on 19 Feb. 1455-6. He founded a college at Tattershall, where he was buried. A letter from him to Sir John Fastolf [q.v.] is printed in the 'Paston Letters' (iii. 425-6), and from the fact that Fastolf's wardrobe contained a
  • https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati02leesuoft#page/92/mode/1up
  • robe of Cromwell's livery, it might be inferred that he was at one time in Cromwell's service. Fastolf also left money by his will to provide for prayers for Cromwell's soul, and Cromwell seems also to have been known to William Worcester [q. v.]
  • He married, before 1433, Margaret, daughter of John, baron Deyncourt. She was seventeen years of age at her marriage, and died on 16 Sept. 1454, leaving no issue. The barony on Cromwell's death fell into abeyance between his two nieces, daughters of his only sister Maud, who was second wife of Sir Richard Stanhope (d. 1436) of Rampston. The elder was Maud, who married Robert, baron Willoughby de Eresby, and died on 30 Aug. 1497; the younger, Joan, married, firstly, Sir Humphrey Bourchier (son of Henry Bourchier, first earl of Essex [q. v.]), who was summoned to parliament from 1461 to 1471 as Lord Cromwell or Lord Bourchier de Cromwell ; and secondly, Sir Robert Radcliffe of Hunstanton, co. Norfolk. She died on 10 March 1490.
  • [Rotali Parliamentorum, vols. iv. v. ; Rymer's Fædera, original edition, vols. ix-x. ; Nicolas's Proceedings of the Privy Council; Palgrave's Antient Kalendars and Inventories ; Hardy's Rotali Normanniæ; Stowe MS. 146, f. 1 ; William of Worcester ( Rolls Ser.) ; Paston Letters, ed. Gairdner, passim ; English Chronicle, ed. Davies ; Stubbs's Constitutional History, vol. iii.; Ramsay's Lancaster and York, vol. i. ; art. by Mr. W. H. Stevenson in Brown's Nottinghamshire Worthies, pp. 75-84 ; G. E. C[okayne]'s Complete Peerage.] A. F. P.


  • Baron Cromwell is a title that has been created several times in the Peerage of England. The first creation, which was by writ, was for John de Cromwell in 1308. On his death, the barony became extinct. The second creation came in 1375 when Ralph de Cromwell was summoned by writ to Parliament as Lord Cromwell. His grandson, the third Baron, served as Lord High Treasurer to King Henry VI. However, on his death in 1455 the barony fell into abeyance between his nieces Maude and Joan. On Joan's death in 1490 the abeyance was terminated in favour of Maude, the fourth holder. When she died childless in 1497 the peerage once again fell into abeyance, this time between the daughters of the first Baron. The title remained in abeyance for over 400 years. However, in 1922 the Committee for Privileges of the House of Lords reported in favour of the petition for the termination of the abeyancy of Selina Frances Bewicke-Copley, wife of Brigadier-General Sir Charles Watson Bewicke-Copley. She was the daughter of Sir Charles Watson Copley, 3rd Baronet, and one of the co-heirs of Maud, daughter of the first Baron Cromwell. Selina died in 1923 and in July of the same year the abeyance was terminated in favour of her son Robert Godfrey Wolesley Bewicke-Copley, who became the fifth Baron. He notably served as Lord Lieutenant of Leicestershire. As of 2010 the ancient barony is held by his grandson, the seventh Baron, who succeeded his father in 1982. Having lost his seat in the House of Lords under the House of Lords Act 1999, in April 2014 he was elected at a hereditary peers' by-election as a Crossbencher.
  • The third creation of the title came in 1461 when Sir Humphrey Bourchier was summoned by writ to Parliament as Lord Cromwell. On his death the barony became extinct. The fourth creation of the title came in 1536 for the famous statesman Thomas Cromwell, who served in many political offices, including Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord Chancellor, and Lord Privy Seal. In contrast to the three previous creations this peerage was created by letters patent. In 1540, Lord Cromwell was made Earl of Essex (1540 creation), but later that year he was executed for treason, and all of his titles were forfeit. The final creation of the title came in 1540 for Cromwell's son, Gregory, also by letters patent. His great-grandson, the fourth Baron, was made Earl of Ardglass in 1645.
  • Barons Cromwell, First Creation (1308)
    • John de Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell (d. c. 1335)
  • Barons Cromwell, Second Creation (1375)
    • Ralph de Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell (d. 1398)
    • Ralph de Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell (1368–1417)
    • Ralph de Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell (1403–1455) (abeyant 1455)
    • Maud Stanhope, 4th Baroness Cromwell (d. 1497) (became sole heir 1490; abeyant 1497)
    • Robert Godfrey Wolesley Bewicke-Copley, 5th Baron Cromwell (1893–1966) (abeyance terminated 1923)
    • David Godfrey Bewicke-Copley, 6th Baron Cromwell (1929–1982)
    • Godfrey John Bewicke-Copley, 7th Baron Cromwell (b. 1960)
  • The heir apparent is the present holder's son the Hon. David Godfrey Bewicke-Copley (b. 1998)
  • Barons Cromwell, Third Creation (1461)
    • Humphrey Bourchier, 1st Baron Cromwell (d. 1471)
  • Barons Cromwell of Wimbledon, Fourth Creation (1536)
    • Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex (forfeit 1540)
  • Barons Cromwell of Oakham, Fifth Creation (1540)
    • Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell (c. 1514–1551)
    • Henry Cromwell, 2nd Baron Cromwell (1538–1592)
    • Edward Cromwell, 3rd Baron Cromwell (c. 1560–1607)
    • Thomas Cromwell, 4th Baron Cromwell (1594–1653) (created 1st Viscount Lecale in 1624 and 1st Earl of Ardglass in 1645)
    • Wingfield Cromwell, 5th Baron Cromwell (1624–1668)
    • Thomas Cromwell, 6th Baron Cromwell (1653–1682)
    • Vere Essex Cromwell, 7th Baron Cromwell (1625–1687)
  • From: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baron_Cromwell


His brother Ulker is the ancestor of Sir Thomas Cromwell, advisor to Henry VIII


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Ralph Cromwell, 1st Lord Cromwell's Timeline

Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England, (Present UK)
Age 11
Whitney, Herefordshire, England, (Present UK)
Age 16
Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
June 20, 1366
Age 25
Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
Age 27
Lindsey, Lincolnshire, , England
Age 28
Age 29
Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England
Age 30
Age 51
Tattershall, Lincolnshire, England