Sir Ralph Lane, MP, Gov. of Roanoke Colony

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Ralph Lane, Knight

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Exmouth, Devon, England
Death: Died in Ireland
Place of Burial: Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Ralph Lane, of Orlingbury and Maud Lane
Brother of Sir Robert Lane, MP, of Hogshaw & Horton; Lettice Wentworth; William Lane, MP, of Horton; Sir Parr Lane; Elizabeth Tanfield and 6 others

Occupation: English Explorer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Ralph Lane, MP, Gov. of Roanoke Colony

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Lane

LANE, Ralph (c.1532-1603), of London.

Family and Education b. c.1528, 2nd s. of Sir Ralph Lane (d.1541) of Orlingbury, Northants. by Maud, da. and coh. of William Parr†, 1st Baron Parr of Horton; bro. of Sir Robert and William Lane I educ. M. Temple 1554. unm. Kntd. 1593.

Offices Held

Equerry of the stable by 1568; served against the northern rebels 1569; commr. piracy 1571; capt. in the Netherlands 1572-3; commr. for fortifications [I] 1583-4; gov. Kerry 1584, Virginia 1585-6; muster master, Norf. 1587; muster master gen. Tilbury 1588; muster master on the Portugal expedition 1589; capt. Southsea castle, Hants from 1588; muster master or clerk of the check [I] from Jan. 1592.

Biography Lane was returned for Northampton in 1563 as the younger son of a local gentry family. No evidence has been found of any parliamentary activity. Within a year or two he had gone to court, where he was to be an inveterate suitor all his life. Almost all his surviving letters to Burghley and Robert Cecil make some request, the grant of which would relieve his necessities, and at first he was surprisingly successful, obtaining a lucrative patent to search ships for uncustomed goods in August 1571 and a commission to suppress piracy later that year. His interest in military affairs between 1572 and 1583, and his part in the expedition of (Sir) Richard Grenville II to Virginia has been dealt with elsewhere. Finally, in 1592 Lane was appointed muster master of Ireland, but as he had put most of his money into a projected voyage with Ralegh—presumably the expedition to cut off the Spanish treasure fleet—he claimed to be without the means to set out for his new post. Once there, he never returned, despite repeated applications for a post elsewhere. In 1593 he distinguished himself in battle and was knighted, and in the following year he was dangerously wounded, after which he was thought to have ‘grown weak in his brains’. On 1 July 1595 Elizabeth wrote suspending him, a decree not immediately delivered as he was thought to be dying. Lane maintained that the abrogation of a life patent was unprecedented, and begged for a sinecure in exchange, but in spite of the efforts of his nephew, William Lane II, none was forthcoming, and he was deprived of his ‘dead pays’. By 1599 wellwishers, among them his friend Mountjoy, were hoping to obtain him a pension, as he was without other resources, but they met with no success. Lane died in office in October 1603, and was buried in St. Patrick’s, Dublin.

DNB; CSP Ire. passim; CPR, 1566-9, p. 213; B. Dietz, ‘Privateering in N.W. European Waters 1568-72’ (London Univ. PhD thesis 1959), pp. 340-1; CSP Col. 1574-1660, pp. 2-3; APC, xv. 296; xvi. 254, 273, 277; xviii. 54; xxi. 276; xxvi. 176, 177; xxvii. 279; xxviii. 186, 209, 216, 271, 468; xxxi. 155; Strype, Annals, ii(1), pp. 455, 518; Lansd. 39, f. 144; 61, f. 194; 69, ff. 28, 121; 70, f. 14; HMC Hatfield, vii. 310; xiii. 468.

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603 Author: S. M. Thorpe Notes http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/lane-ralph-1532-1603

Sir Ralph Lane (c. 1532 – October 1603)[1][2] was an English explorer of the Elizabethan era. He was part of the unsuccessful attempt in 1585 to colonize Roanoke Island, North Carolina. He also served the Crown in Ireland and was knighted by the Queen in 1593.

Edward E. Hale summed up his career:

"He seems to have been an eager courtier, a bold soldier, a good disciplinarian, an incompetent governor, a credulous adventurer, and on the whole, though not a worthless, an unsuccessful man."

family

Never married.

from Wikipedia

Ralph's origins have not been proven. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography he was "of unknown parentage and education".[3]

It has been theorized that his parents were Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury, Hogshaw and Horton[disambiguation needed][4] and Maud Parr,[5] a cousin of Catherine Parr, the last queen consort of Henry VIII, however, no evidence has been found to prove this (for further information please refer to Talk:Ralph Lane).

However, The Dictionary of National Biography, written in 1909 states,

"may probably be identified with Ralph, the second son of Sir Ralph Lane (d.1541) of Horton, Northamptonshire, by Maud daughter and coheiress of William lord Parr of Horton and cousin of Catherine Parr, Henry VIII's last queen. (Collins 1768 iii 164) His seal bore the arms of Lane of Horton (Cal State Papers Ireland 15 March 1598-9), and the arms assigned him by Burke quarter these with those of Maud Parr (General Armoury). In his correspondence, he speaks of nephews William and Robert Lane (Cal State Papers Ireland 26 Dec 1592, 7 June 1595), of a kinsman John Durrant (ib) and is associated with a Mr Feilding (ib 23 June 1593), all of whom appear in the Lane pedigree (Blore Hist. and Antig. of Rutlandshire p 169). William Feilding married Dorothy, a daughter of Sir Ralph Lane of Horton, and John Durrant was the husband of Catherine, her first cousin."

biographical notes

"Soldier Ralph Lane was released from his service in Ireland and appointed governor of the colony, while Sir Richard Grenville served as admiral for the fleet. On April 9, 1585, seven ships and some six hundred men sailed for Roanoke. A storm scattered the fleet and sank one of the smaller pinnaces, causing Lane to put in at Puerto Rico to build a new one. They landed at Roanoke in late June, but a storm grounded the flagship, Tiger, and ruined most of its provisions. Lane ordered the Roanoke colonists to erect homes, a storehouse, and a diamond~shaped fort with a firing step. In August the "fleet departed, leaving behind 107 colonists to live off the land until a relief expedition arrived."

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ralph_Lane

Sir Ralph Lane (c. 1530 – October 1603) was an English explorer of the Elizabethan era. He was part of the unsuccessful attempt in 1585 to colonize Roanoke Island, North Carolina. He also served the Crown in Ireland and was knighted by the Queen in 1593.


Early life and education


Ralph's origins have not been proven. According to the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography he was "of unknown parentage and education".


One theory is that Ralph was born about 1530 in Lympstone, Devon, England[citation needed] and that his parents were Sir Ralph Lane of Orlingbury[citation needed] and Maud Parr[citation needed], a cousin of Catherine Parr, the last queen consort of Henry VIII.


Career


Lane began serving the Crown in 1563 as an equerry under Queen Elizabeth I of England. His duties as an officer of the royal household included law enforcement and collection of customs duties.


Lane is best remembered for his attempt to establish a settlement on Roanoke Island at the request of Sir Walter Raleigh. Queen Elizabeth was looking for places to colonize and the Americas appeared ripe for English expansion. The voyage began on 9 April 1585, when Lane set sail from Plymouth with Raleigh's cousin, Sir Richard Grenville, a scientist who upon return to England wrote a book about his findings in the Chesapeake. The voyage on the Tiger proved difficult, as Lane quarreled with the aggressive leadership of Grenville.


When they finally arrived in the New World, Lane was left on Roanoke Island, Virginia on 17 August 1585 [3] with 107 colonists to explore and fortify the area. Almost immediately, Grenville and crew set sail for England. Lane served as governor of the island and had his men explore the area within a 130-mile radius. They erected a stockade to defend the outpost.


Contact was quickly made with the local Native Americans. The English treated them with suspicious harshness; on several occasions the colonists kidnapped Indians to extract supplies or information. In June 1586 Sir Francis Drake arrived at Roanoke and offered Lane and his men a return voyage to England that Lane readily accepted for fear of a weakened supply of food and increased tensions with local leaders. The Account of Ralph Lane first appeared in Richard Hakluyt's Principall Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation in 1589.

Roanoke colony

Lane is best remembered for his attempt to establish a settlement on Roanoke Island at the request of Sir Walter Raleigh. Queen Elizabeth was looking for places to colonize and the Americas appeared ripe for English expansion. The voyage began on 9 April 1585, when Lane set sail from Plymouth with Raleigh's cousin, Sir Richard Grenville, a scientist who upon return to England wrote a book about his findings in the Chesapeake. The fleet comprised the Tiger (Grenville's), the Roebuck, the Red Lion, the Elizabeth, and the Dorothy. The voyage on the Tiger proved difficult, as Lane quarrelled with the aggressive leadership of Grenville, whom he found a person of intolerable pride and insatiable ambition. Unfortunately, during a severe storm off the coast of Portugal, the Tiger was separated from the rest of the fleet.[8]:57 The Tiger arrived on 11 May to Baye's Muskito [9] (Guayanilla, Puerto Rico). While waiting for the other ships, Grenville established relations with the Spanish (whilst at the same time participating in privateering against their ships) [8] and also built a small fortress. The Elizabeth arrived shortly after construction of the fortress.[10]:91

Finally, Grenville tired of waiting for the remaining ships and departed on 7 June. The fort was abandoned and its location is now unknown. When the Tiger sailed through the Ocracoke Inlet on 26 June, she ran aground on a sand bank, ruining most of the food supply.[8] : 63 The expedition managed to repair the ship, and in early July met the Roebuck and Dorothy, which had come to the Outer Banks a few weeks earlier. The Red Lion had accompanied them, but simply landed its passengers and sailed to Newfoundland for privateering.[8]:64 After an initial exploration of the continental coast and its Indian settlements, Grenville accused the natives of one village Aquascogoc of stealing a silver cup and in retaliation looted and burned the village.[8]:72

Despite this incident and the shortage of food, Lane and 107 other settlers were left on Roanoke Island, Virginia on 17 August 1585 [2][11] to establish a colony on its north end. They built a small fort, probably similar to the one at Guayanilla Bay. Almost immediately, Grenville and his crew set sail for England, promising to return in April 1586 with more men and fresh supplies.[11] Contact was quickly made with the local Native Americans. The English treated them with suspicious harshness; on several occasions the colonists kidnapped Indians to extort supplies or extract information.

April 1586 passed with no news of Grenville. In June, the incident of the stolen cup led to a retaliatory attack against the fort which the settlers were able to repel.[12]: 5 Also in June, Sir Francis Drake arrived at Roanoke and offered Lane and his men a return voyage to England, which Lane readily accepted because of a weakened food supply and increased tensions with local tribes. Drake's fleet reached Portsmouth on 28 July, at which the settlers of Roanoke introduced snuff, corn, and potatoes to England.[12] : 5 The Account of Ralph Lane first appeared in Richard Hakluyt's Principall Navigations, Voyages, Traffiques and Discoveries of the English Nation in 1589.

The Grenville relief fleet arrived shortly after Drake's departure with the settlers. Finding the colony abandoned, Grenville returned to England with the bulk of his force, leaving behind a small detachment to maintain a British presence and protect Raleigh's claim to Virginia.

Lane later participated in other expeditions. In January 1592 he was appointed muster-master general of Ireland and was knighted the following year by Sir William FitzWilliam, the Lord Deputy of Ireland.


Lane later participated in other expeditions. In January 1592 he was appointed muster-master general of Ireland and was knighted the following year.


Death


In 1594, Lane was severely wounded during an Irish rebellion against the Crown. He never fully recovered and died in 1603.


Links

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Sir Ralph Lane, MP, Gov. of Roanoke Colony's Timeline

1530
1530
Exmouth, Devon, England
1603
October 1603
Age 73
Ireland
????
Dublin, Dublin City, Dublin, Ireland