Ramses I, Pharaoh of Egypt

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Menpehtyre Ramesses I I

Birthplace: Thebes
Death: circa -1294 (42-60)
reigned 360 days, Thebes
Place of Burial: Medinet Habu VAlley of Kings Luxor
Immediate Family:

Son of Seti and Tiou
Husband of Tia-Sitre, Queen of Egypt
Father of Seti I, Pharaoh of Egypt

Occupation: 19th Dynasty, 1st/2nd King of the 19th Dynasty; aka Userkheperure Setepenre Seti Merenptah Ramessid ?, M1TV-5CN
Managed by: Private User
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Immediate Family

About Ramses I, Pharaoh of Egypt


Ramses I (reigned 1307-1306 bc), ancient Egyptian king, first ruler of the 19th Dynasty. Ramses was a general under his predecessor, the childless King Haremhab. He came from a family of the eastern Delta region and was probably a native of the city of Avaris. Ramses’s reign was too short to leave many monuments, although he built a small chapel at Abydos and carved a few reliefs on the back of the second pylon (pyramid gateway) at Al Karnak. His son, Seti I, succeeded him.

Death: 1306 BC

Marriage 1 Sitre of Egypt



Seti I of Egypt

Forrás / Source:


Ramesses IFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search Ramesses I Menophres

Stone head carving of Paramessu (Ramesses I), originally part of a statue depicting him as a scribe. On display at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. Pharaoh of Egypt Reign 1292–1290 BC or 1295–1294 BC, 19th Dynasty Predecessor Horemheb Successor Seti I Royal titulary[show]Prenomen: Menpehtyre Eternal is the Strength of Re[1]



Nomen: Ra-messes Re has fashioned him[2]




Horus name: Kanakht Wadj neswt Mighty bull, he who rejuvenates the royalty



Nebty name: Kha m neswt mj jtm He who appears as a king, like Atum



Golden Horus: Smn m3't khetawy He who firms Maat throughout the land of the two banks

 (   ) 



Consort(s) Queen Sitre Children Seti I Father Seti Died 1290 BC Burial KV16

Menpehtyre Ramesses I (traditional English: Ramesses or Ramses) was the founding Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt's 19th dynasty. The dates for his short reign are not completely known but the time-line of late 1292-1290 BC is frequently cited[3] as well as 1295-1294 BC.[4] While Ramesses I was the founder of the 19th Dynasty, in reality his brief reign marked the transition between the reign of Horemheb who had stabilized Egypt in the late 18th dynasty and the rule of the powerful Pharaohs of this dynasty, in particular his son Seti I and grandson Ramesses II, who would bring Egypt up to new heights of imperial power.

Contents [hide] 1 Origins 2 Death 3 Rediscovery and repatriation 4 References 5 External links

[edit] OriginsOriginally called Pa-ra-mes-su, Ramesses I was of non-royal birth, being born into a noble military family from the Nile delta region, perhaps near the former Hyksos capital of Avaris, or from Tanis. He was a son of a troop commander called Seti. His uncle Khaemwaset, an army officer married Tamwadjesy, the matron of the Harem of Amun, who was a relative of Huy, the Viceroy of Kush, an important state post.[5] This shows the high status of Ramesses' family. Ramesses I found favor with Horemheb, the last pharaoh of the tumultuous Eighteenth dynasty, who appointed the former as his Vizier. Ramesses also served as the High Priest of Amun[citation needed] – as such, he would have played an important role in the restoration of the old religion following the Amarna heresy of a generation earlier, under Akhenaten.

Horemheb himself had been a nobleman from outside the immediate royal family, who rose through the ranks of the Egyptian army to serve as the royal advisor to Tutankhamun and Ay and, ultimately, Pharaoh. Since Horemheb was childless, he ultimately chose Ramesses to be his heir in the final years of his reign presumably because Ramesses I was both an able administrator and had a son (Seti I) and a grandson (the future Ramesses II) to succeed him and thus avoid any succession difficulties.

Upon his accession, Ramesses assumed a prenomen, or royal name, which is written in Egyptian hieroglyphs to the right. When transliterated, the name is mn-pḥty-r‘, which is usually interpreted as Menpehtyre, meaning "Established by the strength of Ra". However, he is better known by his nomen, or personal name. This is transliterated as r‘-ms-sw, and is usually realised as Ramessu or Ramesses, meaning 'Ra bore him'. Already an old man when he was crowned, Ramesses appointed his son, the later pharaoh Seti I, to serve as the Crown Prince and chosen successor. Seti was charged with undertaking several military operations during this time– in particular, an attempt to recoup some of Egypt's lost possessions in Syria. Ramesses appears to have taken charge of domestic matters: most memorably, he completed the second pylon at Karnak Temple, begun under Horemheb.

[edit] Death Reliefs from the Abydos chapel of Ramesses I. The chapel was specifically built and dedicated by Seti I in memory of his late father.Ramesses I enjoyed a very brief reign, as evidenced by the general paucity of contemporary monuments mentioning him: the king had little time to build any major buildings in his reign and was hurriedly buried in a small and hastily finished tomb.[6] The Egyptian priest Manetho assigns him a reign of 16 months, but this pharaoh certainly ruled Egypt for a minimum of 17 months based on his highest known date which is a Year 2 II Peret day 20 (Louvre C57) stela which ordered the provision of new endowments of food and priests for the temple of Ptah within the Egyptian fortress of Buhen.[7] Jürgen von Beckerath observes that Ramesses I died just 5 months later—in June 1290 BC—since his son Seti I succeeded to power on III Shemu day 24.[8] Ramesses I's only known action was to order the provision of endowments for the aforementioned Nubian temple at Buhen and "the construction of a chapel and a temple (which was to be finished by his son) at Abydos."[9] The aged Ramesses was buried in the Valley of the Kings. His tomb, discovered by Giovanni Belzoni in 1817 and designated KV16, is small in size and gives the impression of having been completed with haste. Joyce Tyldesley states that Ramesses I's tomb consisted of a single corridor and one unfinished room whose

walls, after a hurried coat of plaster, were painted to show the king with his gods, with Osiris allowed a prominent position. The red granite sarcophagus too was painted rather than carved with inscriptions which, due to their hasty preparation, included a number of unfortunate errors."[10] Seti I, his son, and successor, later built a small chapel with fine reliefs in memory of his deceased father Ramesses I at Abydos. In 1911, John Pierpont Morgan donated several exquisite reliefs from this chapel to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York.[11]

[edit] Rediscovery and repatriationAccording to current theory, his mummy was stolen by the Abu-Rassul family of grave robbers and brought to North America around 1860 by Dr. James Douglas. It was then placed in the Niagara Museum and Daredevil Hall of Fame in Ontario, Canada. Ramesses I remained there, his identity unknown, next to other curiosities and so-called freaks of nature for more than 130 years. When the owner of the museum decided to sell his property, Canadian businessman William Jamieson purchased the contents of the museum. In 1999, Jamieson sold the Egyptian artifacts in the collection, including the various mummies, to the Michael C. Carlos Museum at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia for US $2 million. His identity cannot be conclusively determined, but is persuasively deduced from CT scans, X-rays, skull measurements and radio-carbon dating tests by researchers at the University, as well as aesthetic interpretations of family resemblance. Moreover, the mummy's arms were found crossed high across his chest which was a position reserved solely for Egyptian royalty until 600 BC.[12] His mummy was returned to Egypt on October 24, 2003 with full official honors and is on display at the Luxor Museum.[13]

[edit] References1.^ Peter Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, Thames and Hudson Ltd, 1994. p.140 2.^ Clayton, Chronicle of the Pharaohs, p.140 3.^ Jürgen von Beckerath, Chronologie des Äegyptischen Pharaonischen (Mainz: Phillip von Zabern, 1997), p.190 4.^ Rice, Michael (1999). Who's Who in Ancient Egypt. Routledge. 5.^ Eugene Cruz-Uribe, The Father of Ramses I: OI 11456, Journal of Near Eastern Studies, The University of Chicago Press, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Jul., 1978), pp. 237-244; retrieved from JSTOR: http://www.jstor.org/stable/544684 6.^ Joyce Tyldesley, Ramesses: Egypt's Greatest Pharaoh (New York: Penguin Books, 2000), pp.37-38 7.^ Peter J. Brand, The Monuments of Seti I: Epigraphic, Historical and Art Historical Analysis (Leiden: Brill, 2000), pp.289, 300 and 311. 8.^ von Beckerath, 'Chronologie, p.190 9.^ Nicolas Grimal, A History of Ancient Egypt (Oxford: Blackwell Books, 1992), p. 245 10.^ Tyldesley, Ramesses, p.38 11.^ The Temple of Ramesses I at Abydos by H.E. Winlock 12.^ "U.S. Museum to Return Ramses I Mummy to Egypt.". National Geographic. April 30, 2003. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2003/04/0430_030430_royalmummy.html. Retrieved 2008-04-13. "A 3,000-year-old mummy that many scholars believe is ancient Egypt's King Ramses I is the star attraction of an exhibit at the Michael C. Carlos Museum in Atlanta that will run from April 26 to September 14." 13.^ "Egypt's 'Ramses' mummy returned". BBC. 26 October 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/3215747.stm. Retrieved 2008-04-13. "An ancient Egyptian mummy thought to be that of Pharaoh Ramses I has returned home after more than 140 years in North American museums." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramesses_I

Ramsés I n. en Avaris fundador de la dinastia correspondiente al Imperio del Nuevo Egipto. 1295-1294 AC hijo de familia militar. Por su parte, el faraón se ocupó de proyectos de construcción en Egipto, el más importante la finalización del segundo templo en Karnak, iniciado por su precursor.El reinado de Ramsés I fue una época de transición entre la dinastía XVIII (Horemheb) y la XIX, iniciada por él. cc Reina Sitra

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Ramses I, Pharaoh of Egypt's Timeline

Age 50
reigned 360 days, Thebes
to throne
to throne
to throne
Medinet Habu VAlley of Kings Luxor