About Archbishop Raoul of Bourges
Raoul of Bourges , Rodulph of Bourges or Rudolph of Bourges 1 was Archbishop of Bourges of the second half of 842 at his death in June 866 . He is a Catholic saint celebrated on June 21 2 .
Biography [ edit | Change the code ] He was the son of Raoul (or Rodulfe ) of Quercy , count of Quercy and lord of Turenne (Correze) and his wife Aiga. In 823 he was offered as an Oblate by his parents to become a cleric. He most probably was a monk at the Abbey of Solignac in Limousin. In 841
Abbot, perhaps, of Solignac, he was appointed Archbishop of Bourges (Cher) probably in the second half of the year 842, for on July 29, 842 Pepin II of Aquitaine called him only fidelis noster without giving him his title of archbishop, Appears in the texts in February 844. But the monks of Saint-Sulpice of Bourges write that he is archbishop from 842 until his death in 867, for 25 years, however Adon , archbishop of Vienna indicates that he is Died in June 866. Louis Duchesne indicates that he is mentioned in two diplomas of the year following the death of Louis the Pious (June 20, 840), in the first with the title of abbot,Bishop 3
In 845 , he participated in the negotiations between Charles the Bald and Pepin II of Aquitaine which took place at the Abbey of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire of which he was the abbot until 859 .
He was initially close to Pepin II of Aquitaine before approaching Charles the Bald after his imprisonment at the end of 849. In October 855 in Limoges and in order to satisfy the great Aquitaine, Charles the Bald proclaimed, Sacrificed and crowned king of Aquitaine by the archbishop of Bourges his second son, Charles the Child .
According to Trithème , he would also have been abbot of Saint-Médard de Soissons . He would have participated in this title at the Council of Mainz in 848. This statement seems doubtful to Maximin Deloche as Archbishop of Bourges at that date, his title is not cited.
In 843 he transferred the relics of Saint Perpetua of Rome to the Abbey of Dèvres (or Deuvre), in Saint-Georges-sur-la-Prée . In 846, he also transferred the relics of Saint Satur, companion of Felicite and Perpetua, 4 martyred to Carthage in 203, to Château Gordon, which took the name of Saint Satur ( Cher ).
In 855 , he founded the abbey of Saint Pierre de Beaulieu-sur-Dordogne (Corrèze) on a hereditary estate. He installed monks from the Abbey of Solignac; In charge of praying for the rest of the soul of his father Raoul. He founded the abbey of Végennes in 856.
He participated in several councils: at Meaux, in 845, at Toul near Savonniere, in 859, at Tusey, in 860, and at Pîtres , in 861-862 5 , 6 .
He is the first bishop of Bourges to have obtained the Pope Nicolas I er the title of Primate of Aquitaines and Narbonnaises and patriarch in a letter dated 864 7 .
He endeavored to reform all the abuses he had observed in his diocese. In order to make known to his clergy the ancient canons whose observance had become very approximate, he drafted the Pastoral Instruction . This collection was used to xx th century to the formation of the clergy.