Shmuel haChassid ben Kalonymus V Halevi, of Speyer

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Shmuel haChassid ben Kalonymus V Halevi, of Speyer

Hebrew: שמואל החסיד, of Speyer
Birthdate: (65)
Birthplace: Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Death: 1180 (65)
Immediate Family:

Son of Rav Kalonymus "HaZaken" and Wife of Rav Kalonymus Ben YItzchak
Husband of Wife of Rav Shmuel Hachasid-MiSpeyer
Father of Rabbi Yehudah HeChassid; Abraham ben Shmuel haChassid and Golde ben Kalonymus V
Brother of Kalonymus V 'Yehudah Nathan' ben Todros and רעב. קלונימוס

Occupation: Rabbi
Managed by: Mordechai Isaac Rosenfeld
Last Updated:

About Shmuel haChassid ben Kalonymus V Halevi, of Speyer

Samuel ben Kalonymus he-Hasid of Speyer (Hebrew: שמואל החסיד‎) was a Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the 12th century, surnamed also "the Prophet" (Solomon Luria, Responsa, No. 29). He seems to have lived in Spain and in France. He is quoted in the tosafot to Yebamot (6lb) and Soṭah (12a), as well as by Samuel b. Meïr (RaSHBaM) in his commentary on Arbe Pesaḥim (Pes. 109a).

Samuel was the author of a commentary on the treatise Tamid, mentioned by Abraham b. David in his commentary thereon, and of a liturgical poem, entitled Shir ha-Yiḥud, divided into seven parts corresponding to the seven days of the week. This poem is a philosophical hymn on the unity of God, for which Ibn Gabirol's Keter Malkut served as the basis. Like the latter, Samuel he-Ḥasid treats of the divine nature from the negative side, that is to say, from the point of view that God is not like man. The Hebrew, if not very poetical, is pure; but foreign words are used for the philosophical terms. The recitation of the poem was forbidden by Solomon Luria; but other rabbis, among whom was Samuel Judah Katzenellenbogen, who wrote a commentary on it, decided to the contrary. On the different opinions concerning the authorship of the Shir ha-Yiḥud see L. Dukes in Orient, Lit. vii., cols. 483, 484.

Piyutim - Lyricist Samuel ben Kalonymus he-Hasid of Speyer, also known as Shmuel HaChassid.

Shmuel HaChassid was an important Tosafist, liturgical poet, and philosopher of the twelfth century. He lived in Spain and France and whose father was Rabbi Kalonymus.

Shmuel HaChassid became a Torah prodigy specifically in Kabbalistic mysticism and had two sons Avraham and Yehuda who followed in his path.

He lived in poverty and worshiped G-d with deep love and devotion. The story is told that he exiled himself for nine years, travelling from community to community, so people would not know who he was and would not feel obligated to honor him as a Torah scholar.

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Shmuel haChassid ben Kalonymus V Halevi, of Speyer's Timeline

Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Age 35
Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany
Age 45
Regensburg, Upper Palatinate, Bavaria, Germany
Age 55
Age 65