Rabbi Yitzchok Dov Bamberger, AB"D Virtzburg

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Rabbi Yitzchok Dov Bamberger, AB"D Virtzburg

Hebrew: יצחק דוב באמבערגער, אב''ד ווירצבורג
Also Known As: "Seligman Baer Bamberger", "The Würzburger Rav"
Birthplace: Wiesenbronn, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Death: October 13, 1878 (70)
Würzburg, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany (Heartattack)
Place of Burial: Höchberg, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Immediate Family:

Son of Shimon Simcha הלוי Bamberger (Wiesenbronn) and Judith Bamberger
Husband of Kela Bamberger
Father of Rahel (רחל) Fromm; Rabbi Simcha Bamberger, ABD Aschaffenburg; Zerline-Zerla 3.0. Unna; Salomon Shlomo Zalman Bamberger; Judith Adler and 4 others

Occupation: Rav of Wurzberg, רב העיר ווירצבורג גרמניה
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Rabbi Yitzchok Dov Bamberger, AB"D Virtzburg

Update 22.5.22 A Y-DNA test performed on one of his descendants in the direct male line (son after son) showed that Rabbi Bamberger belongs to the main branch of the Ashkenazi Levites: AB-067. See here: https://jewishdna.net/AB-067.html
Dr. Simcha Gershon Bohrer




יצחק דב במברגר Seligman Baer (also known by his Hebrew name Yitzchak Dov) Bamberger , was one of the nineteenth century's greatest Torah luminaries, reverently referred to by his position, as the venerable Würzburger Rav.

Rav Yitzchack was (born Wiesenbronn, near Kitzingen, Bavaria, 6 November 1807; died Würzburg 13 October 1878) was a Talmudist and a leader of Orthodox Judaism in Germany.

Between 1840 and his death he served as rabbi of Würzburg, and is therefore often referred to by his position as the Würzburger Rav.

He commenced his yeshiva studies in Fürth at the age of fifteen, under Rabbis Wolf Hamburger and Judah Leib Halberstadt. Five years later he received semicha (rabbinic ordination), but did not enter the rabbinate, choosing instead to open a general business store in Kitzingen. He married two years later, to the daughter of Rabbi Seckel Wormser of Fulda. The store was not successful (possibly because Bamberger preferred to spend as much time as possible studying Talmud).

In 1838 he represented the Orthodox camp at a conference instigated by the Bavarian government at which several reform-minded notables had hoped to bring about changes in the organisation of the Jewish communities. As a result of his success at this conference he was invited to succeed Rabbi Abraham Bing as rabbi of Würzburg.

In Würzburg he rapidly opened a yeshiva. In 1855 he opened an elementary school, the first of its kind in Germany (previously children had been instructed in small synagogue schools). In 1864, after a two-year preparation, he also opened a seminary specifically for the training of teachers of Jewish subjects, of which there was a shortage in Germany.


Bamberger was one of the last rabbinical writers in Germany. His first work was Melecheth Shamayim (The Work of the Heaven, Altona, 1853, a reference to Babylonian Talmud, Eruvin 13a) on the laws pertaining to Torah scrolls, tefillin (phylacteries) and mezuzot (door scrolls).

A work first published in 1858 titled

"Amirah le-Beth Ya'akov" (Words to the House of Jacob, a reference to Exodus 19:2 and Rashi's commentary there) deals with the three areas of practical Jewish law pertaining specifically to women: niddah (separation during menstruation), challah (a tithe from dough) and the lighting of candles on the night of the Shabbat. It has been widely translated and is still in use today.

"Moreh la-Zovechim" (Teacher for those who bring Sacrifices, 1863) deals with the practical laws of shechita (ritual slaughter).

"Nachalath Devash" (An Inheritance of Honey, 1867) deals primarily with the halizah ritual, and his work Yitzchak Yeranen (Isaac will Rejoice, 1861-2, a reference to the Sabbath afternoon prayers) is a commentary on Shaarei Simcha by Rabbi Yehuda ibn Gayat.

"Koreh be-Emeth" (Reading in Truth, 1871 and 1879, a reference to Psalms 145:18) addresses Torah exegesis where Talmud or Midrash use changes in letters to derive meanings from particular words.

In 1850 he published a pamphlet outlining the attitude towards non-Jews in the Talmud. This was intended to inform a debate in the Bavarian parliament on civil rights for the Jews.

The Austrittsgesetz

On 28 July 1876 the German parliament passed the Austrittsgesetz, which allowed Jews to secede from their religious community. Many Jewish communities had by that time been dominated by the Reform movement, with Orthodox members forming informal groups (minyanim) to represent their interests.

Following the passing of the Austrittsgesetz, Rabbi Samson Raphael Hirsch of Frankfurt, who had campaigned for the law to be passed, declared that Orthodox Jews in Frankfurt had the duty to officially secede from the non-Orthodox Grossgemeinde. Bamberger visited Frankfurt, and declared that this was not mandatory. A heated exchange of open letters followed between the rabbis. The conflict ultimately led to only a relatively small number of Orthodox Jews seceding from the main community, and until the Second World War there were two Orthodox communities in Frankfurt: one under the auspices of the Grossgemeinde and the other one being Hirsch' community Adath Yeshurun.


N. Bamberger, Rabbiner Seligman Bär Bamberger, Würzburg, 1897;

Meyer Kayserling, in Gedenkblätter, 1892, p. 6; in Allg. Zeit. des Judenthums, 1878, p. 716;

This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia article "BAMBERGER, SELIGMAN BAER"


In his German volume on the history of German Orthodoxy, Breuer mentions that in R. Seligman Baer Bamberger’s synagogue there was no Frauengitter. I assumed that this meant that there was no mehitzah in the famed Wuerzberger Rav’s shul, and I wrote to him to inquire. He replied:

The “Frauengitter” mentioned in my note on p. 375 is the common German translation of mechitzah. It signifies some sort of lattice which was put on top of the parapet which surrounded the women’s gallery (or balcony). The parapet was low enough to allow the women to watch what was going on in the men’s hall downstairs. The lattice (“Gitter”) did not quite conceal the women from the men’s eyes; its significance was mainly symbolical. The lack of this lattice was one of the compromises made here and there with the Reform synagogues where women sat on the balcony, yet in full view of the men since there was no lattice.



Photos from:

"The World That Was Ashkenazi" Page 311 - 320

Rabbi Yitzchak Dov HaLevi Bamberger- Wurzburger Rav.




לרב במברגר היו 9 ילדים, שהמשיכו את דרכו והפכו להיות מנהיגי קהילות במחוז ובגרמניה כולה. רבים מצאצאיו עלו לארץ ישראל לפני השואה, וחלקם היגרו לדנמרק, שוודיה וארצות הברית.

הנה תבנית אילן היוחסין של משפחת במברג https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%AA%D7%91%D7%A0%D7%99%D7%AA:%D7%A2...

הנה הערך בויקיפדיה עליו: https://he.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D7%99%D7%A6%D7%97%D7%A7_%D7%93%D7%91...

About יצחק דוב באמבערגער, אב''ד ווירצבורג (עברית)

עדכון 22.5.22 בדיקת Y-DNA שנערכה לאחד מצאצאיו בקו הגברי הישיר (בן אחר בן) הראתה שהרב במברגר שייך לענף הראשי של הלויים האשכנזים: AB-067. ראו כאן: https://jewishdna.net/AB-067.html
ד"ר שמחה גרשון בורר

יצחק דב (זליגמן בר) במברגר (1807 - 1878) היה רב מרכזי בהנהגת יהדות גרמניה במאה ה-19, חברם של שני רבנים בני תקופתו שהובילו את הנאו אורתודוקסיה בגרמניה - רש"ר הירש ור' עזריאל הילדסהיימר.

נולד בויסנברון בשנת ה'תקס"ח (1807). למד בישיבת פיורדא, ושם כבר נודע במלחמתו ברפורמה. בשנת 1840 התמנה לתפקיד הרב הראשי של מדינת וירצבורג בניגוד לדעת הרפורמים, ושם כיהן כרב וכראש ישיבה.

בתקופת כהונתו הקים בית מדרש חרדי למורים, יחד עם ר' עזריאל הילדסהיימר, הרב מאיר להמן, והרב נתן אדלר.

בפולמוס הפרדת הקהילות התנגד נמרצות לגישתו של רש"ר הירש שדרש את הפרדתן של הקהילות האורתודוקסיות והרפורמיות זו מזו. הרב במברגר הורה לתלמידיו להישאר בקהילות הכלליות כל עוד ניתנים לאורתודוקסים צרכיהם מבלי התערבות של הרפורמים.

הרב נפטר ביום טוב שני של סוכות (ט"ז בתשרי) בעליה רביעית, ומאז יש לו אזכרה בכל שנה במוצאי החג הראשון.

נכדו, הרב ד"ר זליג פינחס הלוי במברגר, היה אב"ד איגוד בתי הכנסת בהמבורג. ונינו הרב ד"ר יצחק במברגר היה האפוטרופוס הראשון של מדינת ישראל

עדכון 22.5.22 בדיקת Y-DNA שנערכה לאחד מצאצאיו בקו הגברי הישיר (בן אחר בן) הראתה שהרב במברגר שייך לענף הראשי של הלויים האשכנזים: קבוצת אבותינו AB-067 ראו כאן: https://jewishdna.net/AB-067.html
ד"ר שמחה גרשון בורר


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Rabbi Yitzchok Dov Bamberger, AB"D Virtzburg's Timeline

November 6, 1807
Wiesenbronn, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
Wiesenbronn, Bavaria, Germany
July 19, 1832
Wiesenbronn, BY, Grmany
May 1, 1835
Wiesenbronn, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
October 2, 1836
Wiesenbronn, Bavaria, Germany
April 12, 1838
Wiesenbronn, Lower Franconia, Bavaria, Germany
September 23, 1839
Wiesenbronn, Germany
February 1, 1842
Wiesenbronn, Bavaria, Germany