Reinhild of Friesland

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Reinhild of Friesland

German: Reinhild von Friesland, Dutch: Reinhild van Friesland
Also Known As: "Ludmilla", "(Reginhilde", "Reinhilde", "Ragnhildis)"
Birthdate: (47)
Birthplace: Riparian, Germany
Death: circa 917 (39-55)
Westphalia, Germany
Immediate Family:

Wife of Theodoric of Ringelheim
Mother of Bia von Ringelsheim; Matilda of Ringelheim; Immed III., Graf in Westsachsen; Widukind of Westphalia; Reginbern of Westphalia and 2 others

Occupation: Condesa de Ragnhildis, Condesa, Countess of Ringelheim, countess, Countess of Westfalia and Ringelheim
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Reinhild of Friesland

From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy page on Saxony (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/SAXONY.htm#Mathildedied968):

Theodoric married REGINLIND [Reinhild], daughter of N.N. (-11 May ??).

The wife of Theoderich is named "Reinhildam, Danorum Fresonumque germine procreatam" in the Vita Mathildis Reginæ[33].

According to Europäische Stammtafeln[34], she was Reinhild, daughter of Gotfrid the Dane & his wife Gisela [Carolingian], which is presumably a guess based on this description in the Vita Mathildis. However, the chronology is not ideal. Regino records the marriage in 882 of "Gisla filia Hlotharii" and "rex Godofridus Nordmannorum"[35]. If this couple's daughter was the mother of Queen Mathilde, the latter's estimated birth date (see below) would need to be pushed forward by several years, which makes the chronology for her known descendants tight.

A better fit may be Reginlind, [sister of Bovo Bishop of Chalons-sur-Marne, daughter of ---]. The known sister of Bishop Bovo was Frederuna, wife of Charles III "le Simple" King of the Franks. The hypothesis that there was another sister married to Theoderic would explain (1) the name Frederuna being transmitted to Regenhild's daughter, and (2) Berenger Bishop of Cambrai, recorded elsewhere as nepos of Queen Frederuna, being described as "…Ottonis imperatoris proxime consanguineus" in the Gesta Episcoporum Cameracensium[36]. If this is correct, the reference to Reginlind being "Danorum Fresonumque germine procreatam" has not been explained.

A list of names in the Libri Confraternitatum Sancti Galli sets out (in order) "Thieterich, Reginhilt, *, Oto, Amalrat, Perectheid, Friderun, Pia", immediately after a list of family members of Heinrich I King of Germany and his wife, which no doubt refers to the latter's parents and sisters, "Oto" being the only person not so far identified[37]. The list is undated but was presumably written during the period [929/36] as King Heinrich's son-in-law Duke Giselbert is included (married in [928/29]) but not his son-in-law Hugues Duc des Francs (married in 937).

The necrology of Merseburg records the death "11 May" of "Reinhild mater regine Mahtildis"[38].

Theoderic & his wife had seven children:

1. WIDUKIND . Widukind names (in order) "Widukind, Immed et Reginbern" as brothers of Queen Mathilde[39].

2. IMMED [I] . Widukind names (in order) "Widukind, Immed et Reginbern" as brothers of Queen Mathilde[40].

3. REGINBERN . Widukind names (in order) "Widukind, Immed et Reginbern" as brothers of Queen Mathilde, specifying that Reginbern fought against the Danes[41].

4. MATHILDE ([896]-Quedlinburg 14 Mar 968, bur Quedlinburg Stiftskirche, married Heinrich, Graf Heinrich, future King of Germany, became Queen of Germany and saint).

5. AMELRADA ([7 Sep] ??, married Eberhard, Graf in der Drenthe und im Salland)

6. FREDERUNA (-18 Jan 971, married Wichmann II, son of Billung, later became a nun before death).

7. BIA [Pia] (-25 May ??, married and had a son named Friedrich)


Other than that she was the daughter of Gottfried and Gisela, the wife of Dietrich, and the mother of Mathilde, little seems to be known about Reinhilde. She must have been born around 880, but most family trees have her listed with impossible birth dates, i.e., ones that predate her mother. She is often listed as Ludmilla Ragnhildis von Friesland or some variant on that name, usually with too early a birth date.


Reginhilds far var Gotfred som var greve av Frisland.

Kilder:

Mogens Bugge: Våre forfedre, nr. 63. Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 67.


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Reinhild of Friesland's Timeline

870
870
Riparian, Germany
890
890
Age 20
892
892
Age 22
895
895
Age 25
896
896
Age 26
Enger, (Present Mordrhein-Westfalen), Ostenfrankenreich (Present Germany)
900
900
Age 30
915
915
Age 45
Salzgitter-Ringelheim, Lower Saxony, Germany
917
917
Age 47
Westphalia, Germany
1993
September 8, 1993
Age 47
1994
February 2, 1994
Age 47