Reuvein Margolies

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Reuvein Margolies

Hebrew: ראובן מרגליות
Birthplace: Lviv, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine
Death: Died in Tel Aviv, Israel
Immediate Family:

Son of Mr. Margolies
Husband of הרבנית Margolies

Occupation: Israeli author, Talmudic scholar and head of the Rambam library.
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About Reuvein Margolies

Reuvein Margolies, (Hebrew: ראובן מרגליות) (November 30, 1889 – August 28, 1971) was an Israeli author, Talmudic scholar and head of the Rambam library.

Margolies was born in 1889 in Lemberg (now Lviv), then part of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and now in Ukraine and from 1918 to 1940 in Poland. He emigrated to Mandate Palestine in 1934, settling in Tel-Aviv.

Margolies authored over 55 books on Jewish topics. He possessed a photographic memory, and was well versed in all aspects of both the written Bible, Oral Torah (Talmud and its commentaries) and Kabbalah (Zohar etc.). He established the Rambam library.

He wrote on a wide range of subjects; His works were meant for both scholars and laymen alike. All of his writings are in Hebrew.

He wrote on the formation of the Mishna and the Talmud displaying originality in thought, and a wide range of knowledge.

He further wrote on the Kabbalah. Such works include "The Rambam and the Zohar" demonstrating correlations between Maimonides Mishna Torah and the Zohar; Nitzotzei Zohar demonstrating correlations between the Tannatic and Amoraic works (such as the Talmud and Medrashim) and the Zohar.

He was also involved in a controversy with Gershon Scholem over the Rabbi Jacob Emden/Rabbi Jonathan Eybeshuetz controversy. Margulies produced a pamphlet defending R. Eybeshuetz and in response Scholem produced his own disagreeing with Marguleis's conclusions.

He wrote a number of scholarly biographies of major Jewish personalities such as Maharsha, Ohr Ha-Chaim Hakodosh, Noam Elimelech, Rabbi Moses ben Nachman (Ramban), and R' Yechiel of Paris including valuable annotation clarifying ideas in their works. The biographies focus primarily on their methods of scholarship and not on their personalities. First printed in Poland, they were never reprinted.

He wrote several works concerning the development of a legal system in the newly formed Jewish State (Kavei Ohr, Tal Tichye).

According to Dr. Yitzchok Raphael, his writing is in a terse style designed to concentrate a maximum amount of information in a minimum of space.

In 1957, Margolies was awarded the Israel Prize for his work on Rabbinical literature.


About ראובן מרגליות (עברית)

ויקיפדיה: הרב ראובן מרגליות (ז' בכסלו תר"ן, 30 בנובמבר 1889 - ז' באלול תשל"א, 28 באוגוסט 1971) היה תלמיד חכם, חוקר וספרן, מחבר למעלה מחמישים ספרים במגוון נושאים תורניים. מייסד ספריית הרמב"ם והספרן שלה במשך שנים רבות. חתן פרס ישראל ופרס הרב קוק לספרות תורנית

נולד בלמברג (לבוב) שבגליציה. את הכשרתו רכש מאביו, ובאופן עצמאי בעזרת ספרים. למרות הסמכתו לרבנות בגיל צעיר על ידי גדולי הרבנים, כרבי מאיר אריק מבוצ'אץ', לא קיבל עליו משרה רבנית ועסק במסחר ספרים. היה מפעיליה של תנועת המזרחי, במסגרתה שימש בתפקידים שונים

בטבת תרצ"ה (1934) עלה לארץ ישראל והתיישב בתל אביב. מני אז ועד יום מותו שימש כמנהל ספריית הרמב"ם בתל אביב. נפטר ללא שהשאיר אחריו ילדים

בבחירות לכנסת השישית הוצב במקום ה-118 של רשימת המפד"ל

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Reuvein Margolies's Timeline

November 30, 1889
Lviv, Lviv Oblast, Ukraine
August 28, 1971
Age 81
Tel Aviv, Israel