Rev. John Gano

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Reverend John Gano

Also Known As: "The Fighting Chaplain"
Birthdate: (77)
Birthplace: Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey, American Colonies [present United States]
Death: August 10, 1804 (77)
Lexington, Fayette, Kentucky, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Daniel Gano; Stephen Etienne Gano; Susannah Gano and Sarah Gano
Husband of Sarah Mary Gano and Sarah Bryan
Father of John Stites Gano; Daniel Gano; Margaret Peggy Gano; Stephen Gano; Sarah Gano and 7 others
Brother of Daniel Gano; Isaac Gano and Stephen Gano
Half brother of Susannah Gano and Susannah Gano

Occupation: Chaplain during Rev. War under Gen. Clinton. It is said he was a friend of George Washington and Baptized him.
Managed by: Henrietta Gale
Last Updated:

About Rev. John Gano

DAR Ancestor #: A043534

John Gano (Hopewell Township, New Jersey on July 22, 1727 - August 10, 1804) was a Baptist minister and Revolutionary War chaplain who allegedly baptized his friend, General George Washington.

Rev. John Gano, was born in New Jersey in 1727. He served as a Baptist minister in New Jersey and New York and worked his way down the east coast as an evangelist. He was George Washington’s chaplain during the Revolutionary War when he earned the title “the Fighting Chaplain”. It was during this time with Washington that some believe John Gano baptized George Washington by immersion. There are an equal number of historians who do not believe it happened, but this issue sparked a national debate in the 1930s after an article appeared in TIME Magazine discussing this question.

Gano was raised as a Presbyterian and his father was a descendant of Huguenots and his mother of English Baptists. After a powerful conversion experience, John Gano eventually became a Baptist (Calvinistic) as a young man after a period of intense study. Gano left the family farm to study at Princeton University (then the College of New Jersey) but left before graduating. Gano was ordained as pastor of the Scotch Plains, New Jersey, Baptist Church on May 29, 1754. In 1760, he became the founding pastor of what became two years later the First Baptist Church in the City of New York, now located at the intersection of Broadway and 79th Street. Gano served as pastor of the New York Church until 1787, however, he made long itinerant trips evangelizing throughout the thirteen colonies, asserting

I... had a right to proclaim free grace wherever I went.[2]

Gano travelled throughout the South, Middle Atlantic States, and New England, sometimes being away from home for as long as two years. In 1764, Gano joined several others as an original fellow or trustee for the chartering of the College in the English Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (the former name for Brown University, originally a Baptist school).[3]

During the American Revolution, Gano served as a soldier and a chaplain for the Continental Army, and was chosen by General Washington to say a prayer marking the official end of the American Revolutionary War in 1783.[4] After the War, Gano returned to his congregation in New York, and in 1787 he moved to Kentucky where he lived until his death in 1804.[5] Gano is buried in the Daughters of the Revolutionary War Section of the Frankfort Cemetery in Frankfort, Kentucky just beyond Daniel Boone's grave.

Gano's descendants include billionaire Howard Robard Hughes, Jr., whose mother was Allene (Gano) Hughes; Rev. Stephen Gano; Admiral Roy Alexander Gano; Confederate States of America General Richard Montgomery Gano, and Union General Stephen Gano Burbridge.

Alleged baptism of George Washington==

In 1889, two of Gano's grandchildren claimed in an affidavit[6] that Gano's eldest daughter told them that Gano had baptized Washington by immersion at Valley Forge when he was one of Washington's chaplains.[7] The story is rejected by historians. Washington's biographer, and uncle of Howard Hughes. Rupert Hughes, researched the matter and determined that Rev. Gano served with Clinton's army, not with Washington's, that the location is sometimes given as Valley Forge and sometimes as the Potomac, that there is no documentation of Gano ever being at Valley Forge, that there is nothing in Gano's own correspondence or his biography to suggest that the event took place, and that none of the 42 reputed witnesses ever documented the event.[8][9] Gano Chapel at William Jewell College in Missouri is named after John Gano, and displays a painting of Gano baptizing Washington. The school takes no stance on whether the baptism of Washington actually took place. The chapel also contains a sword owned by the Marquis de Lafayette that Washington purportedly gave to Gano.

Info added @ Mary S Lockwood's "Lineage Book of the Charter Members of the DAR.

John Gano wasa captain during the Revolutionary War.

  • Daughters of American Revolution Ancestor #: A043534
  • Service Source: ROBERTS, NY IN THE REV, P 55
  • Service Description: 1) CHAPLAIN FOR 5TH REGT CONT LINE
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Rev. John Gano's Timeline

July 22, 1727
Hopewell, Mercer, New Jersey, American Colonies [present United States]
Age 28
Age 30
Age 32
December 25, 1762
Age 35
New York City, New York, New York, USA
Age 36
Age 37
Elizabeth, Union County, New Jersey, United States
July 14, 1766
Age 38
Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey, USA