Reverend John Rutherford

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Reverend John Rutherford

Birthplace: Teviotdale, Roxburgshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Death: February 1740 (83-84)
County Down, Ireland
Immediate Family:

Son of Captain James R. Rutherford and Margaret Rutherford
Husband of Isabella Rutherford
Father of Allen Rutherford; Esther Rutherford; Elizabeth Isabel Rutherford; Katherine Jane Walker; James Rutherford and 5 others
Brother of Reverend Samuel Rutherford; James Rutherford; Robert Rutherford, Sr. and George Rutherford

Occupation: Minister, soldier
Managed by: John William Grimm
Last Updated:

About Reverend John Rutherford

Rev. John Rutherford and his wife, Isabella Alleine, lived on the River Tweed in Scotland. From Scotland, they moved to County Down, Ireland, where he died in his 84th year and she in her 82nd year.

Rev. John Rutherford and his brother were Captains in the Army of William III and were given lands in Ireland for their service. They were in the Battle of Boyne*, which was a crushing defeat for the Irish, that gave the Protestants control of Northern Ireland. This is stated in 'History of the Rutherford Family'.

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Rev John Rutherford

  • Birth: 1653 Morebattle, Scotland
  • Death: unknown, Ireland
  • Son of Capt. James Rutherford & Margaret Gladstone (or Gladstaines).
  • He married Isabella Alleine on Oct. 4, year in dispute at present.
    • Their children were Katherine & Elizabeth.
  • John was a Presbyterian minister in Scotland, then in Ireland after emigrating.
  • He was a Captain in King William's army during the Battle of the Boyne, July 1690.
  • John Rutherford died between 1737 and 1740 in County Down, Ireland.


  • The Battle of the Boyne was fought between two rival claimants of the English, Scottish and Irish thrones – the Catholic King James (James II of Scotland & IV of Ireland), and the Protestant King William (William III of England & William II of Ireland and Scotland). King William is more widely known as William of Orange. James was the father-in-law and uncle of William.
  • Family links:
    • Spouse: Isabella Alleine Rutherford (1655 - 1740)
    • Children: Katherine Jane Rutherford Walker (1682 - 1738)*
  • Burial: Unknown
******************************** Deena Cavanaugh's Family History: Information about Reverend John Rutherford

Reverend John Rutherford (son of Reverend James Samuel Rutherford and Jean McMath)

  • was born 1650 in Teviotdale, Roxburgshire, Scotland, and
  • died date unknown. [Based on these notes he died about 1734/pscoggin]
  • He married Isabella Alleine.
  •  Notes for Reverend John Rutherford:
    • Rev. John Rutherford and his wife, Isabella Alleine, lived on the River Tweed in Scotland.
    • From Scotland, they moved to County Down, Ireland,
    • where he died in his 84th year and she in her 82nd year.
  • Rev. John Rutherford and his brother were Captains in the Army of William III and
  • were given lands in Ireland for their service.
  • They were in the Battle of Boyne
    • which was a crushing defeat for the Irish, that gave the Protestants control of Northern Ireland. This is stated in 'History of the Rutherford Family'.
********************************* '''From:'''

Rev. John Rutherford, son of Captain James Rutherford and Margaret Gladstaines\Gladstone,

  • He was born 1650.
  • He married Isabella Alleine.
  • He died 1734.
  • Isabella Alleine, daughter of Joseph Alleine of Wilton , .
  • Shows 9 children: Thomas, John, James, Samuel, Allen, Elizabeth, Esther, Katharine (1685), & Thomas
  • & a 2nd marriage to Theodoshia Alleine
********************************* From:

* Capt. Rev. John Rutherford married Isabella Alleine.

  • His father was Capt. James Rutherford whose marriage to Margaret Gladstone/Gledstein I found in Dutch records.
  • The Gladstone family was also a border family and intermarrages was common among the families.
  • Capt. James was the brother of Rev. Dr. Samuel Rutherford the Scottish Divine and called by the English the founder of the Presbyterian church.
  • They had a brother George who was also a minister.
  • Their father is accepted as William of Rutherford.
  • I am away from home and do not have my study before me. E-mail me and I will try to help.

Paul Posted: 24 Aug 2000 12:00PM GMT

********************************* '''From:'''

ORIGIN OF THE NAME  RUTHERFORD, By Gary Rutherford Harding

  • The surname Rutherford is one of the most ancient of Scotland. The Rutherford name undoubtedly was taken by family members who lived near the ancestoral village of Rutherford, Scotland.
    • The earliest accounts of the name Rutherford come from the 12th century.
    • There is no information to indicate the first man who bore the name of Rutherford, however, the name no doubt derived from the land holdings at the present site of Rutherford on the Tweed.
    • One of the early holders of this name was Sir Nicholas de Rutherford [abt 1200-1275].
    • He had significant estates in Northumberland and was cited as having brought 60 knights to Sir William Wallace before a battle.
    • In the ballad history of Blind Harry, Sir Nicholas de Rutherford is considered to be Sir William Wallace's brother-in-law.
    • There were also other Rutherford noblemen who lived in Roxburghshire at about that same time; Hugh of Ruwerfort, William of Rwyirford [priest at Melrose], Gregory of Rutherfurd and Richard of Rutherford.

The possible origins of the surname Rutherford:


1. A man named Ruther guided an ancient king of Scots over a little known ford in the River Tweed, giving him a victory against the Northumberlands.
    • He was rewarded with a grant of land thereafter, named after the crossing
which had brought him such good fortune.

2. A second variation on this story is provided by John MacLeod, Searcher of Records in Edinburgh, who examined Rutherford family annuals dating back to the Crusaders.
    • He related that during an insurrection in Scotland, King Ruther had to flee for safety.
    • Being unable to cross the River Tweed, his life was saved by a young man of Teviotsdale who aided him in crossing at the ford.
    • The spot was henceforth known as Ruther's Ford, and the land
contiguous to the spot was later given to the family of his benefactor by Ruther as a token of his appreciation.
    • The family thus became known as Rutherford when surnames were adopted.
    • This version is also supported by "The History and Antiquities of Roxburghshire - 1857" by Alexander Jeffrey who describes the family name and its possible origins.

3. A third supplimentation is offered by historian James Coutts:  King Ruther was known as "Ruther the Liberal".
    • His name is also the root of the Scottish surname of Carruthers.
    • The name "caer ruther" [Carruthers] can be translated from Celtic to mean "the fort of Ruther".
    • King Ruther is identified with Saint Kentigern's patron [the ancestoral Saint of the Rutherford family] Ryderch Hael (the Generous).
    • Ryderch Hael was also the great ally of Saint Kentigern's ageing grandfather.
    • Ryderch was a convert to Christianity and made Saint Kentigern the first Bishop of Strathclyde.
    • Glasgow Cathedral was the traditonal superior to Jedburgh Abbey, burial place of the Rutherford Clan.

4. Another theme with variations describes an English army which foolishly abandoned a strong position on heights above the Tweed to attack a Scottish force on the opposite bank.
    • The English attempted to force a crossing of the river and were soundly defeated.
    • The victorious Scots are said to have named the place "Rue the Ford", to commemorate the disaster which befell the English at that spot.

5. A romantic variation of the story above was related in a letter written by A. Rutherford of Stirling, Scotland, December 15, 1906, and addressed to George Ernest Rutherford.
    • "The Rutherfords are not Highlanders, they are
Borderers: they are originally from Roxburghshire.
    • They are pure Scots, and they drive their name from thrashing an invading English Army.
    • This incident occurred before the time of Wallace.
    • The tradition is that an English invading force was allowed to cross the river at the ford, and after they had done so, the Scots fought and defeated them, and drove them back across the ford making the English "rue the ford."

6. Yet, another more creditable story was communicated by James Rutherford Brown of Liverpool, England to George Ernest Rutherford on April 13, 1909.
    • He stated there was no doubt that the name Rutherford meant "red ford".
    • An explanation given by Jeffrey in his history of Roxburghshire explained that "ruther" means red in Celtic and was not the name of the historic King.
    • Henry Rutherford of Fairnington also thought this to be the more likely
origin of the name.
    • This also jibes with the more common translation of the previously mentioned surname of Carruthers as "the red fort".

  • 7. Lastly, Kenneth Rutherford Davis in his excellent book, "The Rutherfords in Britian, a history and guide" offers yet another etymology.
    • "Rutherford is a place name derived from the Old English "hryther" meaning "ox or cattle" and "ford" meaning a river crossing.
    • Hence, Rutherford means Oxford. Davis goes on to list over 300 different spellings for the name Rutherford. Rutherford and Rutherfurd being the two most common.

Welcome to Clan Rutherfurd/Rutherford

  • The creation of the Clan Rutherfurd is an historic occasion;
  • we hope to continue a long tradition of service to those around the world who are members of our family.
  • Historically, the Rutherfurd family has been a sept of the Clan Home/Hume since May 18th, 1516 when Thomas Lord Rutherfurd of Edgerston allied himself, along with his kinsmen John of Hundalee and George of Hunthill, in a bond of manrent to Alexander Lord Home.
  • As a Scottish Borders family, we were a family with a Laird rather than a Clan with a Chief.
  • William Edward Rutherfurd, the last Rutherfurd Laird of Edgerston, sold Edgerston in 1915 and immigrated to Kenya.
    • He died in 1931 with no known descendants.
    • The Rutherfurd/ Rutherford family has been a Family without a Laird since that time.
    • The last Lairds brother, Malcolm Brakspear Rutherfurd, immigrated to Douglas, Wyoming, USA where he married Anne Amelia Dickson on April 29th 1897.
    • He had five sons before he died in 1913.
    • The descendants of Malcolm Brakspear Rutherfurd have elected the oldest male Rutherfurd of their family as the Family Representative, Edward Charles Rutherfurd.
    • Because we no longer own Edgerston or any other Rutherford estates, our responsibility to the family is to provide clan organization.
    • Each cadet or geographic line will post its genealogy; we hope to be a resource to Rutherfurds/Rutherfords around the world in researching their family history. Also posted here are things of interest to Rutherfurds/ Rutherfords - pictures, arms, mottos, clan history and more.


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Reverend John Rutherford's Timeline

Teviotdale, Roxburgshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
Roxburghshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
October 5, 1682
River Tweed, Wigtown, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, United Kingdom
Roxburghshire, Scotland (United Kingdom)
June 24, 1695
Tyrone, Tyrone, Ireland
Roxburghshire, Scotland