Richard Buckner, Sr.

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Richard Buckner, Sr.

Birthplace: Gloucester County, Virginia Colony, British North America
Death: before March 04, 1733
"Golden Vale", St. Mary’s Parish, Caroline County, Province of Virginia, British North America
Immediate Family:

Son of John Buckner, of Petsworth Parish; John Buckner; Ann? Buckner and Deborah Ann Ferrers
Husband of Elizabeth Cooke and Elizabeth Buckner
Father of William Buckner; William Buckner; Edward Buckner; Richard Buckner, Jr; Susannah Buckner and 8 others
Brother of Dorothy Buckner; Major William Buckner; John Buckner; Frances Elizabeth Williams and Thomas Buckner

Occupation: Essex County Clerk & clerk of house of burgesses in 1713, Gentleman, House of Burgess 1713, County Clerk & Mbr, VA House of Burgesses, Plantation owner
Managed by: Richard Arthur Neary
Last Updated:

About Richard Buckner, Sr.


Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography

Richard Buckner owned five hundred acres of land in Rappahannock county, part of a tract called "Golden Vale." Essex county was formed from Rappahannock in 1692, and Richard Buckner was appointed the first clerk of the county. He was also clerk of the house of burgesses in 1714. Pie left sons : Richard Philip, John and William. These sons and their descendants were con- spicuous in the affairs of the colony and state and the founders of the Caroline county branch, and are now found in nearly every southern and western state.

Crozier, William Armstrong, The Buckners of Virginia and the allied families of Strother and Ashby New York: Published privately for William Dickinson Buckner by the Genealogical Association, 1907, 415pgs.

Owner of 500 acres of land in Rappahannock County on Sept. 22, 1682, it being part of a tract called Golden Vale." Either he, or his son, also named Richard, patented Lands in King and Queen County, viz.: 70 acres to Richard Buckner of Essex, Feb. 1, 1720; and 4500 acres in Drysdale Parish, Oct. 28, 1723. His residence was in Essex County, as a grant dated 1709, gives to him an island containing 20 acres on the north side of the Rappahannock River in Richmond County, lying near the plantation where said Buckner resides, about two miles below Taliaferro's Mount. On Aug. 17, 1715, he patented 179 acres in St. Mary's Parish, Essex, "adjoining the two tracts belonging to said Buckner of 1000 and 300 acres."

Essex County was formed from old Rappahannock in 1692, and Richard Buckner was clerk of the new County of Essex in 1703 and again in 1712. Whether he was Clerk continuously during that period is not definitely known, as the records of the county are incomplete, but the recorded dates of his appointment are still on file. He was also Clerk of the House of Burgesses in 1714.

Of the four sons of John Buckner, Richard stands out prominently, from the fact, that his descendants were more conspicuous in the affairs of the colony and afterwards of the republic.


Richard Buckner is said to have married Elizabeth Cooke of Gloucester County, but there is no documentary evidence to prove this assertion. It is believed that Richard's daughter, Elizabeth Buckner, also married a Cooke, viz.: Mordecai Cooke son of Mordecai Cook the immigrant who was Sheriff of Gloucester in 1698,


  • Husband: Richard Buckner
  • Wife: Elizabeth Cooke

Elizabeth Buckner was identified as Richard's wife in an Essex Co. VA deed of 15 Sep 1719 when she relinquished her right of dower when Richard sold some land to Robert Dudley. The maiden name Cooke is reported in Crozier as a tradition, but no contemporary sources for it are known. Stubbs states that this is known from "several recorded facts", but unfortunately only states one, which is that John Fitzhugh, son of Henry Fitzhugh and Susannah (Fitzhugh) Cooke was baptized with "Anna and Mrs. Elizabeth Buckner, his aunts" as sureties.[4][5] Anna Buckner is presumably the wife of John Buckner of Gloucester.

An 8 Nov 1753 Caroline County Order Book entry shows an order for Robert Gilchrist, Nicholas Bataille, James Taylor, and William Allcock Gent to divide the estate of Richard Buckner according to his will, per the petition of the widow Eliza. Buckner. This suggests that Elizabeth lived at least until 1753, which tends to confirm a general impression most researchers have that she was substantially younger than Richard. Probably, she was petitioning for the execution of some terms of the will that were contingent on her death, though this is merely a surmise since the will itself has been lost.

Research Notes

Various secondary sources give a huge range of children in this family. Richard's family is the least documented of the 4 2nd generation brothers. Crozier has Richard Jr., John, William, Phillip, and Elizabeth. Primary sources, mainly the Caroline Order Books and various land records, provide good support for Richard Jr. and William, but as far as I can tell all the others are little more than guesses extrapolated from hazily remembered traditions. I'm pretty sure Phillip shouldn't be in this list for two reasons. First, Richard's brother John Buckner Jr. of Gloucester had a primary-source-known son named Phillip who is otherwise unaccounted for. Second, Phillip is referred to as Phillip Buckner of Gloucester in a land record, which really wouldn't make sense if he was Richard's son. If Buckners of Virginia didn't exist, I think anyone would assume Phillip was John Jr.'s son just from those points. Genetic evidence has also shown that John Buckner probably wasn't a biological paternal line descendant of Richard, but circumstantial evidence suggests he was probably regarded as a member of the family. Susanna is fairly certain, and the only way she wouldn't be Richard's daughter is if she was his granddaughter, but since Richard Jr.'s known children were born much later than 1721, she's almost certainly one of Richard Sr.'s youngest children.


Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography “[John Buckner] died in 1695, leaving sons, William, John (2). Richard, and Thomas.“


  • Library of Virginia, Land Office Patents No. 7, 1679-1689 (v.1 & 2 p.1-719), p. 181 (Reel 7).
  • Essex County VA Deed Book 18, pp. 254-255 and 273-275
  • Library of Virginia, Land Office Patents No. 6, 1666-1679 (pt.1 & 2 p.1-692), p. 546 (Reel 6))
  • W.C. Stubbs, Descendants of Mordecai Cooke, of "Mordecai's Mount," Gloucester Co., Va., 1650, and Thomas Booth of Ware Neck, Gloucester Co., Va., 1685, New Orleans: self published, 1923, p. 22 .:;view=1up;seq=26 ; note Stubbs tends to be careless and unreliable - use cautiously, double check references
  • "Fitzhugh Family", The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Volume 7 Virginia Historical Society, 1899, p. 426 Google Books
  • W.A. Crozier, W.D. Buckner, and H.R. Bayne, The Buckners of Virginia and the Allied Families of Strother and Ashby, Genealogical Association, 1907 at Google Books
  • See Also:
  • cites
  • [S044748] Buckner. Warner, Charles Willard Hoskins, Hoskins of Virginia and related families : Hundley, Ware, Roy, Garnett, Waring, Bird, Buckner, Dunbar, Trible, Booker, Aylett, Carter, Upshaw Tappahannock, Virginia.: unknown, 1971, 503 pgs.
  • [S804378] Genealogies of Virginia Families Vol. I, from the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography.
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Richard Buckner, Sr.'s Timeline

September 21, 1661
Gloucester County, Virginia Colony, British North America
Age 37
The Neck, Caroline County, Province of Virginia
Age 38
Age 43
Essex County, Virginia
Age 43
Gloucester, Virginia, USA
Age 50
Ware Parrish, Gloucester, Virginia, USA
Age 58
Glouster, Caroline, Virginia, USA
Age 58
Essex, Virginia, USA
Age 59
Caroline, Virginia, USA