Richard Eaton, Vicar of Great Budworth



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Richard Eaton

生日 (51)
出生地 Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, England, (Present UK)
逝世 1616年1月14日 (47-55)
Great Budworth, Cheshire, England, (Present UK)

Robert EatonAnne Eaton之子
Elizabeth Eaton (Shepard)的丈夫
Richard Eaton; Theophilus Eaton, Esq., First Governor of New Haven Colony; Rebecca Eaton; Samuel Eaton; Thomas Eaton另外5个之父
Thomas EatonRichard Hatton的兄弟

Occupation: Vicar of Great Budworth, Minister, Chester, Ship carpenter, Mayflower
管理员 Private User

About Richard Eaton, Vicar of Great Budworth

History, genealogical and biographical, of the Eaton families By Nellie Zada Rice Molyneux Pg.555

Vicar of Great Budworth, Chester. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ info from family tree maker: there are actual resources listed in the text.

270. Richad Eaton Rev., born Abt. 1570; died January 14, 1615/16 in Great Budworth, Cheshire, England. He was the son of 540. Robert Eaton and 541. Anne Leverson. He married 271. Elizabeth Shepard Abt. 1588 in Ludlow,Shropshire, England.

271. Elizabeth Shepard, born Abt. 1569 in of Ludlow, Shropshire, England; died November 11, 1636 in Burial. She was the daughter of 542. Thomas Shepard and 543. Unk.

Notes for Richad Eaton Rev.: 1604 Vicar of Great Budworth-succeeding his father (Ancestry file h966) born abt 1565, died 7 Jan 1601, Stratford, Warwick, England, mar abt 1590 - Ancestry file g1191h born abt 1565, Stratford, Warwick, England, died before Jan 14, 1616, Great Budworth, Cheshire, England - Ancestry file g607 born Stratford, Warwick, England, died before 14 Jan 1616, Great Budworth, Cheshire, England - Ancestry file h5834a Burial, 7 Jan 1600, Stratford, Warwick, England -

Notes for REV RICHARD EATON: Ancestry h966 "Richard Eaton and Elizabeth Shippard married at Ludlow unlawfullie that is not by publication of bannes or by Licence; but by authoritie of St Katherine's day being a ffaire day at Ludlow." Stropshire Register; "Richard Eaton, Clerk (vicar of Great Budworth, Cheshire) will 11th of July, 1616 proved 14 Jan 1616- 17 Pow House and Poo House, Coventry, County Chester, lately bought of John Eaton of Sandaway, to wife Elizabet for life. Other tenements in occupation of Thomas Whitley and Brothwicks House, Overwhetly to cildren, viz: Elizabet, Hannah; John, Samuel, and Jonathan. To son Theophilus Eaton, executor aforesaid, Pow House and Pooe House, reserving to wife during life etc,. To him also after mother's death, houses bought of John Eaton of Sandaway aforesaid- As to the rest of goods, one third to wife rest to children viz. John, Samuell, and Jonathan. To pay 3 daughters, viz. Elizabeth, Hannah and Frances at marriage their portions &c.

Witnesses Mathew Hilles Joseph Denman Thos. Featherstone" [NEHG REG vIII Abstract of English Wills]

More About REV RICHARD EATON: Ancestry h966 Fact 1: BA-Lincoln Coll, Oxford, 1586; B.D. 1599; Vicar, Trinity Church, Coventry 1590; Fact 2: 1604 Vicar of Gr Budworth succeeding his father; Fact 3: appt Prebendary Lincoln Cathedral 1607; see notes;

According to records found to date five children came to New England, Theophilus,John,Hannah(Anna),Samuel and Nathaniel.

Notes for Elizabeth Shepard: born abt 1565, England , burial 11 Nov 1636 - Ancestry file f3831 born abt 1570, died 11 Nov 1630 Stratford, Warwick, England - Ancestry file g1191h born abt 1570, England, died New Haven, CT - Ancestry file g607 born abt 1569, Ludlow, Shropshire, England - Ancestry file h11918 buried 11 Nov 1636, Stratford, Warwick, England - Ancestry file h11918 born abt 1570, England, died New Haven, Ct - Ancestry file h5834

More About ELIZABETH SHEPARD: Fact 1: came w/son Theophilus to New England Ancestry h966

More About Richad Rev. and Elizabeth Shepard: Marriage: Abt. 1588, Ludlow,Shropshire, England

Children of Richad Rev. and Elizabeth Shepard are: 135 i. Anne Eaton, born 1598; died 1640 in Salem, MA; married Francis Higginson Rev. Abt. January 8, 1615/16 in St. Peter's, Nottingham, England. ii. Gov Theophilus Eaton, born August 1591 in Stoney Stratford, Warwick, England; died January 7, 1657/58 in New Haven, CT; married (1) Grace Hiller December 3, 1622 in St Mary's, Woolchurch, How, London, England; married (2) Anne Lloyd 1625 in St Nicholas, Acons, London, ENgland; born Abt. 1590; died Abt. 1660. Notes for Gov Theophilus Eaton: born August 1591, Stratford, Warwick, England, died Jan 7, 1658 -

More About THEOPHILUS EATON:ANC H966 Fact 1: wealthy merchant of London; Fact 2: arr Mass 1637, became magistrate; to Conn 1638 where he was founder; Gov; Fact 3: returned to London w/wife who bordered on insanity from strict church;

Eaton, born October 31, 1590, in Stony-Stratford, Oxfordshire, was a wealthy international merchant, having worked in the Eastern trade along the Baltic coast of Northern Europe, and as the king's agent in Denmark. In London, Eaton was active in St. Stephen's Church, whose vicar was the Rev. John Davenport, Eaton's schoolmate at Coventry Free School years earlier. Davenport was born in April 1597 in Coventry, Warwickshire and was educated at Oxford. In 1616, Davenport was a chaplain at Hilton Castle n ear Durham, arriving at London's St. Stephen's in 1624. St. Stephen's became a center of religious nonconformism among London's middle class. As early at 1629, Rev. Davenport had shown interest in gaining a charter for Massachusetts Bay. The following year, the Earl of Warwick signed the Warwick Patent gr anting Lord Saye and Sele, Lord Brooke and others the right to establish a plantation in southern New England. Davenport, a Warwickshire native, was among those intrigued with the notion of emigration.

As Davenport's commitment to Puritanism continued, his liberty was threatened. In 1633 he fled to Holland, where, with the Rev. Hugh Peter and George Fenwick, he purchased supplies for the proposed Saybrook Plantation. Rev. Peter also persuaded his ste p son-in-law, John Winthrop, Jr., the son of the Massachusetts Bay governor, to become governor of the new Saybrook Plantation. A year after John Winthrop, Jr., left England for Boston, Davenport returned to England from Holland disguised as a country gentleman to prevent his arrest and imprisonment by Anglican Archbishop Laud, the Puritans' chief persecutor.

While Davenport was away in Holland, Eaton, distressed by his friend and pastor's exile, also had seen the commercial possibilities of a New England plantation. By the time of Davenport's return in 1636, Eaton had advanced his idea for an immigrant comp any to the point where it was time to act. The Eaton/Davenport company left London April 13, 1637, arriving in Boston June 26. They were warmly received. Many believed their stay in Boston would be permanent, but Eaton had other ideas. Within weeks of their arrival, the militia that had made war on the Pequots returned to Boston. Captain Stoughton of the militia told Eaton of the land the militia had seen while pursuing the Pequots along the Connecticut coastline. The spot that particularly impressed Stoughton was a place inhabited by the Quinnipiacs and which Dutch explorer Adraean Block years before called Rodeberg, or Red Hills. The Quinnipiac territory had an excellent harbor and lush hunting grounds. Such a place fit Eaton's plans. In August, Eaton and a team of scouts sailed around Cape Cod into Long Island Sound and to the Quinnipiac territory. Eaton found it ideal. Leaving behind a number of pioneers, he returned to Boston and assembled his company. On April 10, 1638, the Eaton/Davenport company of 200 arrived to join the pioneers. The Quinnipiac sachem, Momauguin, sold Eaton the land comprising today's New Haven, North Haven, Wallingford, Cheshire, Hamden, Bethany, Woodbridge and Orange for 23 coats, 12 spoons, 24 kni ves, 12 hatchets and some scissors and hoes.

That spring was the occasion of Rev. Hooker's sermon in Hartford that led to the adoption of Connecticut's Fundamental Orders. Eaton, Rev. Davenport and other leaders of New Haven Colony were aware of their uncertain legal status. On June 4, 1639, six months after the River Towns adopted their new charter, 11 leaders of Davenport's congregation met in a barn owned by Robert Newman and adopted a Plantation Covenant that held that the Word of God would be the absolute authority in the New Haven Colony. God's Word as contained in the Laws of Moses was to be interpreted by a New Haven council of Seven Pillars, a title derived from Proverbs 9 : l: Wisdom hath builded her house; She hath hewn out her seven pillars. New Haven was an ambitious colony. Eaton laid out a very large town by New England standards, a square almost a half mile on each side, divived into nine squares of 16 acres each. Today one of those squares is the New Haven Green. Despite his vision in town-building, Eaton's commercial ventures were never very successful. Agriculture was poor, and the colony's strict theocracy stifled trade and growth. The colony's economic fate was sealed early, when 70 of the ablest citizens, together with all t he available capital of 5,000 pounds, and all goods boarded a "Greate Shippe" in 1646 and set sail for England. The ship and all aboard disappeared without a trace. The Eaton Family of this country sprang originally from Gov. Theophilus EATON of New Haven, Conn., a son of an eminent minister of Stony Stratford, Oxfordshire, England, where Gov. Eaton was born and reared. Subsequently he went to London, and became largely interested in farm commerce at the city. Later along he was appointed the King's agent at the Court of Denmark. He immigrated to America in 1637 and was shortly afterwards chosen a judicial magistrate of Massachusetts. In a few years he became one of the founders of New Haven, and when he died in 1657 was the Governor of Massachusetts. A historian of his time speaks of him thus.."He was universally- respected for his integrity in office, and his amiability in all the relations of life."

Excerpts from "The New Haven Colony" by Isabell MacBeath Calder, published by Yale Univ. Press in 1934:

John Davenport was the son of Henry and Winifred (Barneby) Davenport. He had been baptized by Richard Eaton, vicar of Holy Trinity Church, Coventry on Apr 9 1597. In 1622 he became a member of the Virginia Co. of London. In 1624 he was elected as Vicar of St. Stephens on Coleman St. in London, but before he could begin his duties, he was charged with Puritanism by King James I, which he denied. About 1630 Theophilus Eaton (son of Richard Eaton) took over the house vacated by Sir Richard Saltonstall in Swanne Alley (off Coleman St.) He had served as Deputy Gov. of the Eastland Co. at Elbing. The group received a grant of territory from the Council for New England and as "the Gov. and Co. of the Mass. Bay in New England" on March 4 1629 received a charter from the crown.

Mathew Cradock was appointed the first governor of the company. Sir Richard Saltonstall, Samuel Aldersey, Theophilus Eaton and George Foxcroft represented St. Stephens, Coleman St., in the first court of assistants, and John Davenport, Robert Crane, Owen Rowe, William Spurstow, Edmund White, all living in Coleman St., and possibly Francis Bright of Swanne Alley represented the parish among the commonality.

In Nov. of 1633, Davenport fled to Amsterdam to escape increasing disapproval of the Crown where the group organized their move to the New World. The group included: John and Elizabeth Davenport (left infant son in care of noble lady); Theophilus Eaton, Anne Eaton, dau. of George Lloyd, Bishop of Chester, and widow of Thomas Yale, the second wife of Theophilus Eaton; old Mrs. Eaton, his mother; Samuel and Nathaniel Eaton, his brothers; Mary Eaton, the dau. of his first wife; Samuel, Theophilus and Hannah, the children of his second wife; Anne, David and Thomas Yale, the children of Anne Eaton by her former marriage; Edward Hopkins, who on Sep. 5, 1631 had married Anne Yale at St. Antholin's in London; and Richard Malbon, a kinsman of Theophilus Eaton. Also many inhabitants of the parish of St. Stephen, Coleman St., Nathaniel Rowe (son of Own Rowe who intended to follow); William Andrews, Henry Browning, James Clark, Jasper Crane, Jeremy Dixon, Nicholas Elsey, Francis Hall, Robert Hill, William Ives, Geo. Smith, George Ward and Lawrence Ward.

Others (probably from the neighborhood, but not members of St. Stephens): Ezekiel Cheever, Edward Bannister, Richard Beach, Richard Beckley, John Brockett, John Budd, John Cooper, Arthur Halbidge, Mathew Hitchcock, Andrew Hull, Andrew Low, Andrew Messenger, Mathew Moulthrop, Francis Newman, Robert Newman, Richard Osborn, Edward Patteson, John Reader, William Thorp and Samuel Whitehead. The group chartered the "Hector" of London. On June 26, 1637, John Winthrop recorded the arrival of the group from London at Boston.

In Aug. of 1637, Eaton and several others traveled south to view the area around the Long Island Sound. They left members of their party there over the winter to retain possession. Many from the Bay Colony chose to leave for New Haven with Eaton and Davenport: Richard Hull, William Tuttle and William Wilkes of Boston; Anne Higginson and her family, Jarvis Boykin, John Chapman, John Charles, Timothy Ford, Thomas James, Benjamin Ling, John Mosse and Richard Perry of Charlestown; John Benham, Benjamin Fenn, Thomas Jeffrey, Thomas Kimberly, William Preston, Thomas Sandford, Thomas Trowbridge and Zachariah Whitman of Dorchester; John Astwood of Stanstead Abbey, Hertfordshire and Roxbury; Thomas Baker, John Burwell, Jasper Gunn, John Hall, John Peacock, William Potter, Edward Riggs, Thomas Uffot and Joanna and Jacob Sheaffe of Roxbury; Mark Pierce of Newtown; and Nathaniel Turner of Lynn. Another company headed by Peter Pruden was a notable addition to the group. Perhaps the son of Thomas Prudden of King's Walden, Hertfordshire and a kinsman of William Thomas of Caerleon, Monmouthshire, Prudden was the minister of the Providence Island Company. In 1637 with fifteen Hertfordshire families - among them Edmund Tapp of Bennington, Hertfordshire, James Prudden, William Fowler, Thomas and Hanah Buckingham, Thomas Welsh, Richard Platt, Henry Stonehill and William East - he left England for Massachusetts and went with Davenport's group to Connecticut in March of 1638.

Staying behind in Massachusetts was Nathaniel Eaton, Nathaniel Rowe, Edward and Anne (Yale) Hopkins and John Cotton. Eaton became the "cruel" master of a new college in Newtown. Later he and Anne migrated to Hartford, CT. In 1641 a 3-year mortgage was given to George Fenwick of Saybrook, John Haynes, Samuel Wyllys and Edward Hopkins of Connecticut and Theophilus Eaton, Stephen Goodyear and Thomas Gregson of New Haven for much of Long Island.

Time of the arrival in New England of the following ministers, from "The New England Historical and Genealogical Register" Vol. 1 (1847): 1637 Rev. John Davenport: St. Stephens, Coleman St., London Journal of 26 Jun 1637 -- "There arrived two ships from London, the Hector and the (blank). In these came Mr. Davenport and another minister, and Mr. Eaton and Mr. Hopkins, two merchants of London, men of fair estate and of great esteem for religion and wisdom in outward affairs." In the Hector came also the Lord Ley, son and heir of the Earl of Marlborough.

. By the oppression of the Mohawks and Pequots, this tribe was then reduced to about 40 men. On the 1Abstracts from "The East-Haven Register", Compiled by Stephen Dodd, Pastor of the Congregational Church in East-Haven Published in 1824 for the author and originally sold by A.H. Mattby & Co., N. 4, Globe Building, T.G. Woodward & Co.


Note: All dates previous to Sept. 14, 1752, are old or Julian-style of calendar; all dates after Sept. 14, 1752, are the new or Georgian style.

During the reign of James I and Charles I, kings of England, the Puritans were subjected to a destructive oppression, and a furious persecution for conscience sake; and seeing no end to their sufferings, projected settlements in the wilderness of America, as a place of retreat for the Church of God, and where the salvation and freedom of themselves and of their posterity might be promoted and secured. Hence, large companies left their native land and crossed the Atlantic. Among them were persons of wealth, learning, and distinguished piety and eminence. On the 26th day of July, 1637, Rev. John Davenport, Mr. Samuel Eaton, Theophilus Eaton, Edward Hopkins, Thomas Gregson, and their company arrived at Boston. They were invited to continue there or in that vicinity. This proposal they rejected, for they were determined to settle a new colony. Accordingly, in the fall of that year, Mr. Eaton and others explored the country along the sea-coast, west of Connecticut River and finally fixed upon Quinipiack, as the place of their settlement. On the 30 Mar 1638, the company sailed from Boston, and in about two weeks arrived safe at the place of their destination.

On the 18th April, the first Lord's day after their arrival, the people attended public worship under a large oak, and Mr. Davenport preached to them from Matth. vi, 1. Soon after their arrival, they held a day of fasting and prayer, at the close of which, they solemnly entered into a plantation covenant, finding themselves, "That as in matters that concern the gathering and ordering of a Church, so also in all public offices which concern civil order; as choice of magistrates and officers, making and repealing laws, dividing allotments of inheritances and all things of like nature, they would all of them, be ordered by the rules which the scripture held forth to them." By this covenant they were regulated the first year.

On 24 Nov 1638, Theophilus Eaton, Esq., Mr. Davenport and other English planters, made their first purchase of Momauguin, sachem, of that part of the country, and his counselors. The English promised to protect Momauguin and his Indians from his enemies, and that they should have sufficient planting ground between the harbor and Saybrook fort. The purchasers also gave the sachem and his counselors -- "12 coats of English cloth, 12 alchemy spoons, 12 hatchets, 12 hoes, two dozen knives, 12 porringers, and 4 cases of French knives and scissors." This contract was signed by Momauguin and his council on the one part, and Theophilus Eaton and John Davenport on the other part. Thomas Stanton was nterpreter1 December, 1638, they purchased another large tract, which lay principally north of the former purchase. This was bought of Montowwese, son of the great Sachem at Mattabeseck, (now Middletown). It was 10 miles long, north and south, and 13 miles in breadth. For this tract, they gave 13 coats and allowed the Indians ground to plant, and liberty to hunt on it. These purchases "included all the lands within the ancient limits of he old towns of NEW-HAVEN, BRANFORD and WALLINGFORD, and almost the whole contained within the present limits of those towns, and of the towns of EAST-HAVEN, WOODBRIDGE, CHESHIRE, HAMDEN and NORTH-HAVENOn the 4 June, 1639, all the free planters of Quinipiack convened in a large barn of Mr. Newman's and formed their constitution. Sixty-three names were subscribed to it on that day, and about fifty more were added soon after. Among the subscribers who settled in EAST-HAVEN, or were concerned in that settlement, were: William Andrews, William Touttle (or Tuttle), Garvis Boykim, John Potter, Matthew Moulthrop, Matthias Hitchcock, Edward Patterson. To these were added: Thomas Morris and John Thompson.

On 7 Mar 1644, the Colony Constitution was revised and enlarged; and then were added the names of Matthew Rowe and John Tuthill.

Birth Apr 1565 in Stratford, Warwickshire, England Death 14 Jan 1616 in Great Budworth, Cheshire, England


Richard Eaton, Vicar of Great Budworth的年谱

Great Budworth, Cheshire, England, United Kingdom
Stratford-on-Avon, Warwickshire, England, (Present UK)
- 1604年
Rector, Coventry
Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire, England
Coventry, Warwickshire, England
Staple, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Dover, Kent, England, United Kingdom
Stratford-Upon-, Avon, Warwickshire, England
Dover, Kent, England, United Kingdom