About Richard Fitz Scrob, Knight
Origin of name
The name (pronounced "Scroop") may be derived from the old Anglo-Norman word for "crab" and that it began as a nickname for a club-footed illegitimate son of an English princess by a Norman knight. A crab moves sideways and so the name could fit a child with club feet. Whether far fetched or not, it is fact that at one stage the family crest was a crab (subsequently five feathers) and that the family motto is still "Devant si je puis" -("forward if I can"), which could have a double meaning as of course a crab can only go sideways.
One Richard Fitz Scrob (or Fitz Scrope), apparently a Norman knight, was granted lands by Edward the Confessor before the Norman Conquest, in Herefordshire, Worcestershire and Shropshire as recorded in the Domesday Book. He built Richard's Castle, near Ludlow in Shropshire, and is recorded in chronicles of the Conqueror's early years in England as asking for assistance against the Welsh.
His son was Osbern FitzRichard. According to one genealogy, his wife was Nest. This Nest is identified as the daughter of Gruffydd ap Llywelyn by his wife Edith of Mercia, herself granddaughter of Leofric, Earl of Mercia possibly by his wife Godiva (or Godgifu). The evidence for Nest's name comes from charters of her son Hugh granting lands to an abbey, where he declares his parentage; that son, however, is silent about his mother's antecedents. The heiress of this family eventually married into the Mortimer family, famous as Marcher Barons and important players in 14th century English politics.
See "My Lines"
from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA
Richard fitz Scrobi is described in documents as a Norman.
Granted Herefordshire lands by Edward the Confessor.
THE FIRST "BARON BURFORD"
Nothing is known of Richard's origins, but he was likely to have been Norman. He came to England prior to 1052, no doubt invited by (King) Edward the Confessor, of whom he was later seen to be a close ally. He married the daughter of a fellow pre - conquest Norman settler "Robert the Deacon", but it is not know whether the marriage took place before or after his leaving France.......He held land in the Welsh Marches in 1066, and very likely had done so for quite some time by this date, as his son Osbern (Fitz Richard) also held land there at the same time. He may also have had another son, William.......THE DETAIL OF HOW HE CAME BY HIS LANDS IS NOT KNOWN, BUT THE BARONY OF BURFORD SEEMS TO HAVE ORIGINATED PRE - CONQUEST, AND IT IS POSITED BY MANY (SUCH AS EYTON, IN HIS "ANTIQUITIES OF SHROPSHIRE") THAT HE BUILT RICHARD'S CASTLE, POSSIBLY AT THE TIME HE WAS GRANTED THE BARONY. It is also claimed that he may have been sheriff of Worcestershire in the 1060's.......He survived the Norman Conquest, having sided with the invaders, and witnessed a charter of William I the following year. His date of death is not known.
RICHARD'S CASTLE / HEREFORD
RICHARD FITZ SCROB (or Fitz Scrope) was a Norman knight granted lands by the Saxon King Edward the Confessor before the Norman Conquest; in Herefordshire, Worcestershire, and Shropshire, as recorded in the Domesday Book. He built Richard's Castle before 1051. The castle was a motte and bailey style construction, one of only three or four castles of this type built before the Norman conquest. Most were built after the conquest. Richard was last mentioned in 1067. His castle passed to his son, OSBERN FITZ RICHARD, who married Nesta, the daughter of King Gruffyd ap Llywelyn of Wales.....Osbern died around 1137 and was succeeded by his grandson, OSBERN FITZ HUGH, who died in 1187. RICHARD'S CASTLE THEN PASSED TO HIS BROTHER IN LAW, HUGH DE SAY, WHO DIED IN 1190, LEAVING THE BARONY TO HIS SON, ANOTHER HUGH SAY. In 1196, this Hugh fought at the battle at New Radnor and was probably killed there, his castles eventually passing to Robert de Mortimer of Attleborough.
Source -- Wikipedia / Richard's Castle
Please see Darrell Wolcott: The Consorts and Children of Gruffudd ap Llewelyn; http://www.ancientwalesstudies.org/id210.html. (Steven Ferry, June 3, 21017.)
Richard Fitz Scrob, Knight's Timeline
Of, Richards Castle, Shropshire, England
Richard's Castle, Herefordshire, England
Richard's Castle, Ludlow, Herefordshire, England
Richard's Castle, County Hereford
of Richard's Castle