Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel

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About Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel

"Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and 8th Earl of Surrey (c.1306/1313 – 24 January 1376) was an English nobleman and medieval military leader and distinguished admiral. Arundel was one of the wealthiest nobles, and most loyal noble retainer of the chivalric code that governed the reign of Edward III."




Citations / Sources:

[S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 38. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.

[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 78-79. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families

[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 1 p. 16, vol. 2 p. 69, vol. 30 p. 36.

[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 2 p. 185-186.

[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 18.

[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 197.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 1 p. 197, vol. 2 p. 270, 319.

[S30] British Roots of Maryland Families, Barnes, Robert W., (Baltimore [Maryland] : Genealogical Pub. Co., c1999-c2002), 975.2 D2ba., vol. 1 p. 195.

[S45] Journal of British Studies, (The University of Chicago Press), FHL Book 942 H25j., "Edward III and His Family", vol. 26 no. 4 p. 398.

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and 8th Earl of Surrey (9th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (c. 1306 – 24 January 1376) was an English nobleman and medieval military leader. FitzAlan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots), and Alice de Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey.

He was born 1306 in Sussex, England and died 24 January 1376 in Sussex, England.

Alliance with the Despensers: Around 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's favorites, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and on 17 November 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

Gradual restoration: However, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches.

Beyond this, in 1334 he was made Justiciar of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), High Sheriff of Caernarvonshire for life and Governor of Caernarfon Castle. He was one of the most trusted supporters of Edward the Black Prince in Wales.

Military service in Scotland: Despite his high offices in Wales, in the following decades Arundel spent much of his time fighting in Scotland (during the Second Wars of Scottish Independence) and France (during the Hundred Years' War). In 1337, Arundel was made Joint Commander of the English army in the north, and the next year he was made the sole Commander.

Notable victories: In 1340 he fought at the Battle of Sluys, and then at the siege of Tournai. After a short term as Warden of the Scottish Marches, he returned to the continent, where he fought in a number of campaigns, and was appointed Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine in 1340.

Arundel was one of the three principal English commanders at the Battle of Crécy. He spent much of the following years on various military campaigns and diplomatic missions.

Great wealth In 1347 he succeeded to the Earldom of Surrey (or Warenne), which even further increased his great wealth. (He did not however use the additional title until after the death of the Dowager Countess of Surrey in 1361.) He made very large loans to King Edward III but even so on his death left behind a great sum in hard cash.

[edit] Marriages and ChildrenBy his first marriage to Isabel le Despenser (living 1356), he had:

Edmund de Arundel, (who was bastardized by the annulment), married Sybil, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury. Their daughter, Philippa de Arundel, married Sir Richard Sergeaux, Knt, of Cornwall.[1] By the second marriage to Eleanor of Lancaster, he had 3 sons and 3 surviving daughters:

Richard, who succeeded him as 11th Earl of Arundel. John Fitzalan, 1st Baron Maltravers, who was a Marshall of England, and drowned in 1379. Thomas Arundel, who became Archbishop of Canterbury Joan (1348 - 7 April 1419) who married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford. Alice (1350 - 17 March 1416), who married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent. Eleanor Fitzalan (1356 - before 1366). Richard Fitzalan and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster's tombstones are in Chichester Cathedral and famously the subject of the poem "An Arundel Tomb" by Philip Larkin.

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Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel's Timeline

Arundel, Sussex, England

May have been born c1313

Age 21
Age 40
Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England
Age 41
Arundel, West Sussex, England
August 1, 1348
Age 42
Sussex, England
Age 44
Arundel, Sussex, England
Age 47
Sussex, UK
Age 48
Surrey, England, United Kingdom