Richard Grosvenor, 1st Earl Grosvenor

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Richard Grosvenor, 1st Earl Grosvenor

Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Robert Grosvenor, 6th Baronet and Jane Warre
Husband of Henrietta Vernon
Father of Richard Grosvenor; Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster; Thomas Grosvenor and Richard Grosvenor
Brother of Thomas Grosvenor and Dorothy Curzon (Grosvenor)

Managed by: Ric Dickinson
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About Richard Grosvenor, 1st Earl Grosvenor

Richard Grosvenor, 1st Earl Grosvenor (18 June 1731 – 5 August 1802), known as Sir Richard Grosvenor, 7th Baronet between 1755 and 1761 and as The Lord Grosvenor between 1761 and 1784, was a British peer and racehorse owner.

He was the son of Sir Robert Grosvenor, 6th Baronet. He was created Baron Grosvenor in 1761 and in 1784 became both Viscount Belgrave and Earl Grosvenor.

He married Henrietta Vernon, granddaughter of Thomas Wentworth, 1st Earl of Strafford, on 19 July 1764. They had one son:

Robert Grosvenor, 1st Marquess of Westminster (1767–1845)

In 1762, Richard Grosvenor registered what became his famous orange Thoroughbred horse racing colours. Shortly thereafter, he established Eaton Stud at Eaton Hall.


  • GROSVENOR, Richard (1731-1802), of Eaton Hall, nr. Chester.
  • b. 18 June 1731, 1st s. of Sir Robert Grosvenor, 6th Bt., and bro. of Thomas Grosvenor. educ. Oriel, Oxf. 1748. m. 19 July 1764, Henrietta, da. of Henry Vernon of Hilton Park, Staffs., 4s. suc. fa. as 7th Bt. 1 Aug. 1755; cr. Baron Grosvenor 8 Apr. 1761; Earl Grosvenor 5 July 1784.
  • Richard Grosvenor, like his father, was a Tory. But when Pitt took office Grosvenor became one of his strongest supporters; and on 23 Nov. 1758, when seconding the Address, described the Newcastle-Pitt Administration as ‘the glory of this country’, and ‘ended with particular compliments to Mr. Pitt, who was the shining light or rather the blazing star of this country’.1 Pitt flattered him, and Grosvenor responded. ‘If you think it necessary for me to be at the meeting of the Parliament’, he wrote to Pitt on 31 Oct. 1759,2 ‘a summons from you shall be immediately obeyed by your most sincere friend and servant.’ To which Pitt replied:3 ‘As you are manifesting your zeal for his Majesty and for your country in so essential a manner where you are [with the militia], it would be unpardonable selfishness in me to express the regret which losing the pleasure of seeing [you] must always occasion.’ Grosvenor obtained his peerage on Pitt’s recommendation.
  • In the Lords he did not follow Pitt. He seconded the Address of thanks for the peace preliminaries, 9 Dec. 1762, protested against the repeal of the Stamp Act, and supported the American war. His great object was to become lord lieutenant of Cheshire—‘this is a thing I am very earnest about’, he told Bute in 1761;4 and when again refused the office in 1780, felt slighted and hung back from supporting North. But William Knox assured North there was no fear of Grosvenor’s going into opposition, ‘for the family principles are too strongly monarchical to allow of a combination with republicans; and, besides, his Lordship does not forget, as some others have done, that he owes his peerage to the grace of his present Majesty’.5 He voted against Fox’s East India bill, and received his earldom at the recommendation of the younger Pitt.
  • He died 5 Aug. 1802.
  • From:


  • PORTER (afterwards DE HOCHEPIED), George (1760-1828), of Stockbridge, Hants.
  • b. 23 Apr. 1760, 1st surv. s. of Sir James Porter, ambassador to the Porte, by Clarissa Catherine, da. of Elbert, 2nd Baron de Hochepied, Dutch ambassador to the Porte. m. 1 Sept. 1802, Henrietta, da. of Henry Vernon† of Hilton Park, Staffs., wid. (after separation in 1769) of Richard Grosvenor†, 1st Earl Grosvenor, s.p. suc. fa. 1776; cos. as 6th Baron de Hochepied (Hungary) 6 Feb. 1819 (royal sanction 27 Sept.) and took name of de Hochepied 6 May 1819.
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Richard Grosvenor, 1st Earl Grosvenor's Timeline

June 18, 1731
June 6, 1765
Age 33
Blacon, Cheshire West and Chester, England, United Kingdom
March 22, 1767
Age 35
England, United Kingdom
May 13, 1768
Age 36
Blacon, Cheshire West and Chester, England, United Kingdom
June 7, 1769
Age 37
Blacon, Cheshire West and Chester, England, United Kingdom