Richard III Plantagenet, King of England
|Also Known As:||"Old Dick", "Crookback"|
|Birthplace:||Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England|
|Cause of death:||Killed in Battle|
|Place of Burial:||Leicester Cathedral, Leicester, Leicestershire, England|
Son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Duchess of York Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
|Managed by:||Ofir Friedman|
Historical records matching Richard III of England
About Richard III of England
latest news about Richard
A skeleton found beneath a Leicester car park has been confirmed as that of English king Richard III.
Richard III dig: DNA confirms bones are king's:
Richard III dig: University to release DNA results:
Richard III dig: 'Strong evidence' bones are lost king:
Richard III's scarred skeleton becomes a battlefield for academics: (contains an image showing his severe scoliosis
Remains of King Richard III: Analysis by Dr Steven Gunn, University of Oxford
After the battle of Bosworth Henry VII didn't want anyone claiming that they were Richard III and had survived the battle.
Richard's body was taken to Leicester, slung naked over the back of a horse, and publicly displayed so people could see he was dead.
But there was the problem of how and where to bury him - what seems likely is that they wanted to avoid anything that would generate a posthumous cult.
There was a tradition in medieval England that people who were political victims then became popular saints. They wouldn't have wanted to bury him in York, where he was very popular.
Greyfriars was convenient and safe. Henry VII put steps in action for a tomb to be built, and the inscription was to be ambivalent, and in some ways rude about Richard III, talking about his nephews and indicating that he wasn't a very good king. There is evidence that people talked about him being buried there.
a short summary from Wikipedia:
King of England
Reign: 26 June 1483 – 22 August 1485
Coronation: 6 July 1483
Predecessor : Edward V
Successor: Henry VII
Consort: Anne Neville
Edward of Middleham
John of Gloucester (illegitimate)
Katherine Plantagenet (illegitimate)
House: House of York
Father: Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York
Mother: Cecily Neville, Duchess of York
Born: 2 October 1452
Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire
Died: 22 August 1485 (aged 32)
Bosworth Field, Leicestershire
Burial: Greyfriars, Leicester (reburial Leicester Cathedral 26 March 2015)
"Richard III (2 October 1452 – 22 August 1485) was King of England for two years, from 1483 until his death in 1485 during the Battle of Bosworth Field. He was the last king of the House of York and the last of the Plantagenet dynasty. His defeat at the Battle of Bosworth Field was the decisive battle of the Wars of the Roses and is sometimes regarded as the end of the Middle Ages in England. He is the subject of an eponymous play by William Shakespeare."
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Citations / Sources:
[S4] C.F.J. Hankinson, editor, DeBretts Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, 147th year (London, U.K.: Odhams Press, 1949), page 20 . Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1949.
[S11] Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy (London, U.K.: The Bodley Head, 1999), pages 142, 144. Hereinafter cited as Britain's Royal Families.
[S16] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 2 p. 100, 107, 110.
[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "Richard III, 1452-1485". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
[S20] Magna Carta Ancestry: A study in Colonial and Medieval Families, Richardson, Douglas, (Kimball G. Everingham, editor. 2nd edition, 2011), vol. 4 p. 409.
[S22] #374 The Lineage and Ancestry of H. R. H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (1977), Paget, Gerald, (2 volumes. Baltimore: Geneal. Pub., 1977), FHL book Q 942 D22pg., vol. 1 p. 30.
[S23] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 201.
[S32] #150 [1879-1967] A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage, Together with Memoirs of the Privy Councillors and Knights (1879-1967), Burke, Sir John Bernard, (London: Harrison, 1879-1967), FHL book 942 D22bup., 1967 ed. preface lxv.
[S35] #244 The History and Antiquities of the County of Northampton (1822-1841), Baker, George, (2 volumes. London: J. B. Nichols and Son, 1822-1841), FHL book Q 942.55 H2bal; FHL microfilm 962,237 ite., vol. 2 p. 219.
[S37] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 1 p. 423-425 vol. 48 p. 158-165.
[S54] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3 p. 439.
[S68] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL., July 1967 p. 187, 190.
[S81] #125 The Royal Daughters of England and Their Representatives (1910-1911), Lane, Henry Murray, (2 voulmes. London: Constable and Co., 1910-1911), FHL microfilm 88,003., vol. 1 p. 246-247 table 2 pt. 2.
[S99] #711 Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, (Gloucester: John Bellows, 1876-), FHL book 942.41 C4bg., vol. 12 p. 39.
[S117] #227 The History and Antiquities of the County of Hertford (1815-1827), Clutterbuck, Robert, (3 volumes. London: Nichols, Son and Bentley, 1815-1827), FHL book Q 942.58 H2c; FHL microfilms 899,855-899,., vol. 1 p. 358.
[S338] Plantagenet Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2004), Richardson, Douglas, edited by Kamball G. Everingham, (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 2004), FHL book 942 D5rd., p. xxix.
[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 2 p. 13; vol. 3 p. 8.
[S754] #205 Baronagium Genealogicum, Or, the Pedigrees of the English Peers, Deduced from the Earliest Times, of Which There Are Any Attested Accountes Including, as Well Collateral as Lineal Descents (1764-1784), Segar, Sir William, (6 volumes. [London]: Engraved and printed for the author, [1764-1784].), Volumes 1-4 FHL microfilm 164,680; volume 5 FHL mi., vol. 3 p. 264.
[S1850] Medieval Lands: A Prosopography of Medieval European Noble and Royal Families, Charles Cawley, (http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/), England, Kings 1066-1603 [accessed 28 Jun 2006]. [S1886] #89 A Genealogical History of the Kings of England, and Monarchs of Great Britain, & C. From the Conquest, Anno 1066 to the Year, 1677, Sandford, Francis Esq., (London: Thomas Newcomb, 1677), FHL microfilm 599,670 item 3., p. 405-410.
[S2420] #11886 The Golden Grove books of pedigrees (filmed 1970), (Manuscript, National Library of Wales manuscript number Castell Gorfod 7. Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL microfilms 104,349-104,351., book 5 p. C624.
Profile portrait-Earliest surviving portrait (c1520-after a lost original), formerly belonging to the Paston family (Society of Antiquaries, London)
Richard III of England's Timeline
October 2, 1452
Fotheringhay Castle, Fotheringhay, Northamptonshire, England
Westminster, Middlesex, England
Middleham Castle, Wensleydale, North Yorkshire, England
August 22, 1485
Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England