Richard Beale Reynolds, Convict "Atlantic" 1791

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Richard Beale Reynolds, Convict "Atlantic" 1791

Birthdate: (67)
Birthplace: Greater London, England, United Kingdom
Death: August 26, 1837 (67)
Wilberforce, New South Wales, Australia
Place of Burial: Wilberforce Cemetery, Wilberforce, New South Wales, Australia
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Reynolds and Hannah Reynolds
Husband of Mary Ann Gosper - Reynolds, convict "Mary Ann" 1791 and Sarah Elizabeth Reynolds, convict "Britannia" 1798
Father of Edward Hipwell Reynolds; Thomas Reynolds; William Sterling Reynolds; Hannah Beale Gosper; Catherine Reynolds and 7 others
Brother of Elizabeth Reynolds; Thomas Reynolds; Edward Reynolds, convict "Atlantic" 1791; John Reynolds and Dorcas Reynolds

Occupation: Convict on 3rd Fleet
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Beale Reynolds, Convict "Atlantic" 1791

Convict 3rd Fleet

Richard Beel Reynolds, Convict. - 3rd Fleet


Transported to NSW on "Atlantic" departed Plymouth 27 March arriving 20 August 1791 after almost 5 months voyage.


Richard and Edward, his brother were committed for trial on 19th April 1798 by John Staples Esquire, upon the oaths of Richard Salos, Thomas Reynolds and others with "having feloniously stolen taken and carried away three hundred and twenty four pounds weight of lead upwards of the value of fifty shillings, the property of Mr Jeffery Jackson of Woodford Bridge in the County of Essex, and one pair of cotton stockings value one shilling the property of Sarah Clayton."

They were convicted and sentenced at Chelmsford. Richard was 19 yrs old. They received 7 years transportation.

Edward recorded in his notebook that he was "embarked board the Hulk "Justany" (possibly "Justitia" BVT) at Woolwich. Commander Erskins. Employed at the dockyard in my trade of building walls for Mast Ponds continued to March 1791."

The Reynolds Brothers were educated and literate. Edward kept a diary of their journey on the Atlantic. This was in existance until recently and was stollen from a family property in Wellington NSW. It was photocopied by Dennis Gosper and this photocopy may be in the library at Windsor. (information from Betty Eberle, telephone conversation with BVT 24/7/04)

Richard and Edward went to the Hawkesbury in 1796 accompanied by Mary Ann Hipwell, Mother of Richard's son Edward Jnr. She later "deserted him" for Thomas Gosper (who she married in Nov. 1810).

Richard found love again in Elizabeth Sterling, five foot two and not yet 20.The reason she was in Australia was given as "lack of dexterity in stealing a watch". She received 7 years and was transported aboard the "Britannia". She was already the mother to a number of Richards children when they married in 1812. Their first child was born in about August 1801.

From renting 10 acres (Mulgrave Place) in 1802 , Richard was granted 50 acres in 1804 at Flat Rock Reach below the Colo junction on the banks of the Hawkesbury. The grant was both flood prone and at first isolated. The natives in that area were also troublesome. He persisted with it until 31st December 1810, when he sold it to George Carman for the consideration of seventy pounds. Earlier that year he had his family were listed as being on stores due to the flood that had devestated their farm and this may have been why he decided to sell. In a petition dated January 1810, Richard stated that he "has a large family, and all the efforts he has made for them by industry these few years past, has been totally destroyed by inundation".

Richard was not essentially a farmer although he was engaged in this occupation on a part- time or spasmodic basis for much of his life. In 1813 he purchased a one acre town block of land at Windsor on which stood two brick dwelling houses. The purchase price was sixty pounds sterling. The significance of this porperty is not clear. Richard is reputed to have been in later years a store keeper in Windsor, so perhaps he traded from this property. By 1814 he was a district constable at the Hawkesbury, his occupation until 1827 and he was also for a period the local poundkeeper. In 1820 he was a local committe member for the Bible Association.

The Reynolds brothers were good all round citizens of Wilberforce, Edward a collector for the waterloo fund, and on the Wilberforce committee of the Benevolent society. Both were solidly based landholders of 1820.

In 1824 Richard petitioned Governor Brisbane for a grant of land for himself and his children, he stated that- "The petitioner arrived in this Colony on tyhe ship Atalntic in 1791; has been free about 28 years, has endured all the hardships to which an infant colony could subject him; has reared a family of ten children (names annexed) to the habits of industry; has been a district constable under the Worshipful the Windsor Bench of Magistrates, upwards of eleven years; the petitioner humbly trusts he has always supported the character of an honest, industrious, and sober member of society; And petitioner being desirous to settle part of his large family- Most humbly prays- That his excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane, KCB may be pleased to take into consideration the Certificate annexed and to grant Petitioner on account of his family such portion of land and to be so located as to His Excellency may seem meet."

His petition was successful and he was granted fifty acres for himself and sixty acres for his son William. The fifty acre grant referred to was apparently portion twenty five on the southern bank of the river at the upper Colo, that was purchsed by Thomas Gosper Junior prior to 1836. It is very doubtful that Richard ever actually lived at Upper Colo; he may have fenced it and used it as a stock farm, but it appears to be Thomas Gosper Junior who was living there by 1829.

Richard Beel Reynolds died at Wilberforce on 26th August 1837, and was buried in the St.Johns Burial Ground on the 29th. His headstone still stands beside that of Sarah and their son Thomas, who died in 1818.



This family started in Australia with the arrival of RICHARD REYNOLDS, a convict, who arrived in Sydney on the 20th August 1791 on board the Third Fleet ship "Atlantic". Richard, was born 3rd December, 1769 a son of Thomas Reynolds and Hannah Beale. Richard married twice. His first wife was a convict MARY ANN HIPWELL and his second wife was also a convict, SARAH STIRLING(s).

Richard, was sentenced at Chelmsford on the 2nd, July, 1788. The Chelmsford Chronicle dated 11th July 1788 reads, "Last Saturday our Assizes ended before Lord Loughborough and Mr. Justice Heath, when Edward Reynolds, Richard Reynolds and John Drew for feloniously stealing upwards of three hundred weight of lead, the property of Jeffrey Jackson of Woodford Bridge .... to be transported for seven years ".

Richard and the mentioned Edward, were brothers. Richard's first wife Mary, was born c. 1765 and arrived as a convict, on the "MARY ANN" on the 9th July, 1791. Sarah, the second wife of Richard, was sentenced to seven years at Middlesex in May, 1797. On the 31st May, Sarah was sentenced to be transported, Sarah, was just eighteen years old and arrived on the "BRITTANICA" in July, 1798.

By 1802, Richard was on a list of settlers, freed from convict status and had rented ten acres of land which he cleared and planted with wheat and maize. He also owned two hogs.

By 1806, he was completely free by servitude and had married Mary Hipwell. Richard owned the lease of fifty eight acres in the Hawkesbury District, which comprised of six acres of wheat, fifty one acres of pasture and one acre fallow. He had in his store half a bushel of wheat.

On the 1st January, 1807, Richard signed an address to the Rev. Marsden on his departure from the colony, thanking him for his good work. On the 25thFebruary, 1807, Richard signed another address, this time to Governor Bligh, from the settlers of the Hawkesbury and Napean District.

In 1809 , his name appears on a list of persons , put on stores at Hawkesbury after the flood of June, 1809. Four children had been born by this time. In June of the same year, Richard was given seed from the H.M. Stores, which he had to return after the following harvest. He had four bushels.

In 1810, he petitioned Covernor MacQuarie for confirmation of a grant of land between Sydney and Parramatta. During 1814, he became a Constable at Windsor and had seven children by this time. In May 1820, Richard Reynolds was a landholder at Wilberforce, N.S.W. In 1822 he was still the District Constable.

At the time of his death, he was described as a storekeeper. The book, The Hawkesbury Story, published by Val Ross, we find the following." ..... on December 26th, 1810, he (Gee Carmen) had bought Richard Reynold's 1804 grant, fifty acres at Flat Rock Reach (Portion 60, Parish of Cornelia) for £70.0.0 from the grantee. At this time Reynolds said that he had been there eighteen years, but had lost everything in the floods. He later became Pound Keeper (1815) and then District Constable."

Richard and his first wife, Mary, had only one son, Edward Reynolds. Mary and Richard were divorced and later Mary married Thomas Roker Gosper on the 7th October, 1810 at St. Matthew's,Windsor. Mary and Thomas, had four children.

Edward Reynolds, son of Richard and Mary Hipwell, was born at Sydney on the 26th December, 1794 and died at Colo on the 5th November, 1832. Edward had married SARAH MARIA SIBREY, nee Singleton and had five children. They were: Elizabeth, born 26th December 1820 at Windsor, Catherine born 26th December at Windsor, twin to Elizabeth, Sarah born 7th November, 1823 at Windsor, Hannah born c. 1825 and Thomas born c. 1827.

Sarah, married RALPH TURNBULL, son of John Turnbull and Ann Wart. They were married in 1840. Sarah Turnbull, died in October 1886 and left thirteen children.

RICHARD REYNOLDS and his second wife, Sarah Stirling(s) had 11 children. Sarah died c. 1826. Richard died on the 26th August, 1837 at Wilberforce.

1. Thomas Reynolds, Born 1800 and died 13.02.1818. 2. William Reynolds Born 29.4.1804 at Hawkesbury and married Ann Ann Clemson, nee Sibrey, at Portland Head on the 16.12.1833. 3. Catherine Reymolds Born 28.9.1808 4. Hannah Beale Reynolds Born ?, married John Gosper at St. Matthew's, Windsor. 5- Richard Reynolds Born 7.4.1810 at Wilberforce and married Elizabeth Graham at St. John's, Wilberforce. They had two children. (1) Thomas Orlando Reynolds born 9-5.1831 and (2) Henrietta Matilda Reynolds. 6. James Reynolds Born 13.3.1812. 7. Elizabeth Reynolds Born 28.7.1813. 8. George Reynolds Born 7.7.1815 and married Annie Lawless. 9. Sarah Matilda Reynolds Born 13.5.18'i6. 10. ARCHIBALD REYNOLDS Born 5.6.1819 at Wilberforce and married FLORA FRASER at Jerrabunbera. 11. Jane Reynolds Born 26.4.1821.

From 'Flora Fraser and Archibald Reynolds' by Christine McGregor

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Richard Beale Reynolds, Convict "Atlantic" 1791's Timeline

November 19, 1769
Greater London, England, United Kingdom
December 3, 1769
Greater London, UK
May 26, 1794
Age 24
Sydney, NSW, Australia
August 6, 1801
Age 31
April 29, 1804
Age 34
Hawkesbury, New South Wales, Australia
May 1806
Age 36
Pennant Hills, NSW, Australia
September 28, 1808
Age 38
Wilberforce, NSW, Australia
April 7, 1810
Age 40
Wilberforce, NSW, Australia
May 13, 1812
Age 42
Wilberforce, NSW, Australia