Richard Sackville, MP

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Richard Sackville, Knight

Also Known As: "Sir "Fill-Sack", "" Sir Richard Sackville of Buckhurst"
Birthdate: (60)
Birthplace: Sussex, Parish of Chiddingly
Death: April 21, 1566 (56-64)
Whithyam, Sussex, England
Place of Burial: St Michaels Parish Church, Whithyham, Sussex
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir John Sackville, Sheriff of Surrey & Sussex and Lady Margaret Sackville, Lady
Husband of Laura Ann Sackville; Winifred Sackville, Machioness of Windsor; Elizabeth Sackville and Agnes Sackville
Father of Thomas Sackville, KG, PC, 1st Earl of Dorset; Anne Fiennes; First Child Sackville; Second Child Sackville and Elizabeth Shelley
Brother of Christopher Sackville, MP; Isabella Ashburnham; Anne Sackville; John Sackville, II, MP and Mary Lunsford

Occupation: Chancellor of the Exchequer
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Sackville, MP

Richard Sackville (escheator)

Sir Richard Sackville (c. 1507 – 21 April 1566) of Ashburnham and Buckhurst in Sussex and Westenhanger in Kent; was an English administrator and Member of Parliament.[1]

Richard Sackville was the eldest son of John Sackville (ca. 1484–1557) of Withyham and Chiddingly, Sussex, and his first wife, Margaret (d. ca. 1533), daughter of Sir William Boleyn of Blickling, and on his mother's side was cousin to Anne Boleyn.[2]

He was under-treasurer of the exchequer, chancellor of the Court of Augmentations, Escheator of Surrey and Sussex in 1541–2 and was made custos rotulorum of Sussex in 1549 (till his death) and is the first listed Lord Lieutenant of that county from 1550 (till his death); he was also made steward of the archbishop of Canterbury's Sussex manors in 1554.[2][3]

He was elected as MP for Chichester in 1547, for Sussex in March 1553, 1559 and 1563 and for Portsmouth in 1554. He was knighted by 1549.

When the Court of Augmentations was dissolved in January 1554, Sackville, at the time losing most of his other paid positions, retired to the life of a Sussex gentleman, serving as JP.[2]

On the accession of Queen Elizabeth (her mother was his mother's cousin) his fortunes improved. He was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1559, holding the position until his death in 1566.[4]

In 1535 Sackville married Winifred (d.1586), the daughter of Sir John Brydges [Bridges or Brugge] (ca. 1460-1530), (Lord Mayor of the City of London in 1520) by Agnes Ayloffe, the daughter of Thomas Ayloffe.[5][6][7][8] They had a son Thomas, a favourite of Elizabeth I, and a daughter Anne.[6] After Richard Sackville's death, his widow, Winifred, married, before 30 September 1568, as his third wife, John Paulet, 2nd Marquess of Winchester, by whom she had no issue.[5]


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  • Sir Richard Sackville, Chancellor of the Exchequer1,2,3,4,5
  • M, #48533, d. 21 April 1566
  • Father John Sackville, Esq., Sheriff of Surrey & Sussex1,3 b. b 17 Mar 1484, d. 27 Sep 1557
  • Mother Margaret Boleyn3 b. c 1489, d. a 1556
  • Sir Richard Sackville, Chancellor of the Exchequer married Winifred Bruges, daughter of Sir John Bruges, Lord Mayor of London and Agnes Ayloffe, circa 1525.6,7,4,5 Sir Richard Sackville, Chancellor of the Exchequer died on 21 April 1566.1,4,5
  • Family Winifred Bruges b. c 1501, d. c 16 Jun 1586
  • Child
    • Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset+2 b. bt 1527 - 1536, d. 19 Apr 1608
  • Citations
  • 1.[S2301] Unknown author, Stemmata Robertson & Durdin., p. 209.
  • 2.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. IV, p. 422.
  • 3.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 179.
  • 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 311.
  • 5.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 327.
  • 6.[S2301] Unknown author, Stemmata Robertson & Durdin., p. 209 & 211.
  • 7.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 572-573.
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  • Richard "Fill Sack" SACKVILLE (Sir Knight)
  • Born: 1516, Chiddingleigh, England
  • Died: 21 Apr 1566
  • Notes: See his Biography.
  • Father: John SACKVILLE (Esq.)
  • Mother: Margaret BOLEYN
  • Married: Winifred BRYDGES (M. Winchester) ABT 1531, Dymock, Gloucestershire, England
  • Children:
    • 1. Thomas SACKVILLE (1° E. Dorset)
    • 2. Anne SACKVILLE (B. Dacre of the South)
  • From: "Fill Sack" SACKVILLE (Sir Knight)
  • Richard Sackville of Ashburnham and Buckhurst, Sussex and Westenhanger, Kent. Member of Parliament for Chichester 1547, Sussex? Mar. 1553, Portsmouth Apr 1554, Sussex 1559, 1563. Born by 1507, 1st son of John Sackville, Esq. by his first wife, Margaret Boleyn, and brother of Christopher and John. Educated Cambridge; Inner Temple. Married by 1536, Winifred, daughter of Sir John Brydges of London, and had 3 sons, including Thomas, and 1 daughter. Knighted by 17 Feb 1549; Succeeded father 27 Sep 1557. Governor Inner Temple 1558-death. Escheator, Surrey and Sussex 1541-1542; steward to the Archbishop of Canterbury's Sussex manors 1544, duchy of Lancaster lands in Sussex 1549-1553, 1561-death; commissioner chantries, Sussex 1546, 1548, relief 1550; justice of the peace Sussex 1547, Essex, Kent, Surrey, Sussex 1558/1559- death; chancellor, court of augmentations Aug 1548-Oct 1553, 20-23 Jan 1554; custos rot., Sussex 1549-death; lord Lieutenant Sussex 1550; PC 20 Nov 1558-death; under treasurer, the Exchequer Feb 1559-death.
  • Richard Sackville was nicknamed "Fill-Sack" by reason of his great wealth and the vast patrimony which he left to his son', On his own showing his success owed little to education, for he told Roger Ascham that before he was 14 his schoolmaster drove him 'with fear of beating from all love of learning', and although he went up to Cambridge he left without taking a degree to enter an inn of court. It was as a lawyer that he began his career and entered local administration, but as most of the references to a Richard Sackville active in Sussex during the 1530s and early 1540s are to his uncle and namesake, Sir Richard Sackville, a servant of the Earls of Arundel, little can be established about his early progress. His hard-headednees is perhaps to be discerned in the manumission of a bondman by his father and himself in 1541, as in their subsequent exploitation of their claim to knight's service; and their joint purchase in 1544 of over 900 pounds worth of property in London, Surrey, Sussex and elsewhere, some of which they disposed of profitably in the following two years, was certainly a portentous operation, for the younger man was to make his career and fortune in the administration and disposal of ex-monastic lands.
  • Sackville was rising 40 when he was returned as the senior Member for Chichester to the first Parliament of Edward VI's reign. Although from east Sussex, his family was well known at Chichester, where his uncle had been prominent at the local sessions, and it is possible that he had sat for the city before the death of Henry VIII; but in 1547 he enjoyed the great advantage of being the son of the sheriff, who was also a follower of Henry Fitzalan, 18th Earl of Arundel. Nothing has come to light about his part in the first two sessions of this Parliament, but it was presumably as a client of Arundel's that in 1548 he was chosen to replace Sir Edward North as chancellor of augmentations and about the same time given a knighthood. He did not go to the Protector Somerset assistance during the coup d' etat in the autumn of 1549, and was rewarded by the Earl of Warwick with increased powers in his court with lands and a lord Lieutenancy: he had probably been disturbed by the unrest in Sussex which Arundel had pacified, and it may not be without significance that it was to him as 'Mr. Chancellor' that during the next session of Parliament the bill for repressing unlawful assemblies and risings was committed after its second reading. On the arrest of the ex-Protector and the Earl of Arundel for treason in 1551, the custody of Arundel's heir, Lord Maltravers, with his schoolmasters and servants was entrusted to Sackville.
  • In Jul 1552 Edward VI noted in his diary that Sackville had been asked to 'surcease' his chancellorship of augmentations, but the request was evidently withdrawn as he kept the office until the court was dissolved under Mary. The decision may have been the Duke of Northumberland as part of his quest for support in his political manoeuvring. Sackville seems to have been a member of the Parliament which Northumberland caused to meet in Mar 1553, for 'Mr. Chancellor' again had a bill committed to him, this time the bill that clothiers and handicraftmen should dwell in boroughs and towns, which went to him after its second reading on 17 Mar 1553. He cannot have sat for Chichester, or for any Sussex borough, as the names of their Members are known, but as Lieutenant for the county he would have been a likely choice as one of the knights of the shire whose names are lost.
  • Sackville was prepared to follow Northumberland to the point of signing the device for the alteration of the succession, and it was probably this political misjudgement, rather than the allegations of corruption against him, which accounted for his dismissal from office in Oct 1553. He was compensated with an annuity of 300 pounds. Early in the following year he was briefly recalled to supervise the winding-up of the court, but this summons did not indicate a return to favour. He was, however, returned to the Parliament of Apr 1554 for Portsmouth, where he presumably owed his election to William Paulet, 1st Marquess of Winchester, whose son Chidiock, captain-designate of the garrison there, had been a receiver under Sackville in augmentations. Winchester was to be one of the overseers of Sackville's will and his heir, John, 2nd marquess of Winchester would marry Sackville's widow, Winifred. How Sackville conducted himself in this Parliament has not come to light: it was to be his only appearance there during the reign, but in 1558 he was to have a son sitting in the House.
  • Sackville was to resume his political career under Elizabeth: appointed a Privy Councillor before the new Queen set out for London, he figured prominently in her administration until his death on 21 Apr 1566.
  • From:
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  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 50
  • Sackville, Richard
    • by William Arthur Jobson Archbold
  • SACKVILLE, Sir RICHARD (d. 1566), under-treasurer of the exchequer and chancellor of the court of augmentations, was eldest son of John Sackville of Chiddingley, Kent, by Anne, daughter of Sir William Boleyn, and sister of Thomas Boleyn, earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde. Queen Anne Boleyn was thus his first cousin. In later life he expressed regret that ‘a fond schoolmaster, before he was fullie fourtene years olde, drove him with feare of beating from all love of learning’ (Ascham, Scholemaster, pp. xvii–xviii). He was educated at Cambridge but did not graduate; he soon went to the bar, becoming Lent reader at Gray's Inn in 1529. He acted as steward to the Earl of Arundel, and sat for Arundel in the Reformation parliament of 1529. He probably gave proof of his willingness to do what was wanted; from 1530 he was constantly on commissions of the peace and of sewers for Sussex. In November 1538 he was one of those appointed to receive indictments against Sir Geoffrey Pole, Sir Edward Neville, and others, and shortly afterwards he became under-treasurer of the exchequer, treasurer of the army, and in 1542 escheator for Surrey and Sussex. In 1545 he received large grants of land. Under Edward VI he took a more prominent part in public life. On 24 Aug. 1548 he was appointed chancellor of the court of augmentations, and thus had ample opportunities of enriching himself. He was knighted in 1549 (Lit. Rem. Edw. VI, p. cccvii). In 1552 he was a commissioner for the sale of chantry lands; at this time he lived at Derby Place, Paul's Wharf. He witnessed the will of Edward VI, but Mary renewed his patent as chancellor at the augmentations court on 20 Jan. 1553–4, and made him a member of her privy council. He sat in the parliament of 1554 as member for Portsmouth. He lost, however, for the time, the advantage which he had gained in the last reign as patentee of the bishop of Winchester's lands, though he regained it under Elizabeth, who retained him in her service. He was appointed to supervise the arrangements for her coronation, and was present at the first meeting of her council on 20 Nov. 1558. He sat for Kent in the parliament of 1558, and for Sussex from 1563 till his death. In 1558 he was one of those appointed to audit the accounts of Andrew Wise, under-treasurer for Ireland. In 1559 he was one of the commissioners appointed to administer the oaths to the clergy; the same year, with Sir Ambrose Cave, he conducted the search among the papers of the bishops of Winchester and Lincoln. On 9 and 10 Sept. 1559 he was one of the mourners at the funeral services held at St. Paul's on the death of Henry II of France; he was also a mourner on the death of the emperor in 1564, when Grindal preached. On 25 April 1561 he received charge of Margaret, countess of Lennox. In 1566 he took part in the fruitless negotiations as to the marriage with the Archduke Charles. He died on 21 April 1566, and was buried at Withyham in Sussex.
  • He married Winifred, daughter of Sir John Bruges, lord mayor of London in 1520, and by her left a son Thomas, afterwards first Earl of Dorset [q. v.] (who is separately noticed), and a daughter Anne, who married Gregory Fiennes, tenth lord Dacre of the South [q. v.] His widow married William Paulet, first marquis of Winchester [q. v.], died in 1586, and was buried in Westminster Abbey.
  • Sackville was a pleasant, capable, and accommodating official. He grew very rich and established his family. Naunton declared that his accumulation of wealth entitled him to be called ‘Fill-sack’ rather than ‘Sack-ville’ (Fragmenta Regalia, ed. Arber, p. 55). But he had intellectual interests. He was dining with Sir William Cecil at Windsor in 1563, when another guest, Roger Ascham [q. v.], turned the conversation on the subject of education. Sackville later in the day had a private colloquy with Ascham on the topic, urged the scholar to write his ‘Scholemaster,’ and entrusted to him his grandson, Robert Sackville, second earl of Dorset [q. v.], to be educated with Ascham's son. Ascham, in his ‘Scholemaster,’ speaks of Sackville in terms of great respect.
  • From:,_Richard_(DNB00)
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  • SACKVILLE, Sir Richard (by 1507-66), of Buckhurst, Suss. and Westenhanger, Kent.
  • b. by 1507, 1st s. of John Sackville† of Chiddingly, Suss. by his 1st w. Margaret, da. of Sir William Boleyn of Blickling, Norf. educ. ?Camb.; I. Temple. m. bef. 1536, Winifred, da. of Sir John Brydges† of London, 3s. inc. Thomas 1da. Kntd. 1549; suc. fa. 27 Sept. 1557.2
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  • Sir Robert Sackville
  • M, #25346, d. 1556
  • Last Edited=23 Nov 2012
  • Sir Robert Sackville was the son of John Sackville and Margaret Boleyn.1,2 He married Winifred Brydges, daughter of Sir John Brydges.2 He died in 1556. He died on 21 April 1566, with at least two daughters (Anne, married 10th Lord (Baron) Dacre (qv).2 He died in 1586), dau of Sir John Bru(g)ge(s)/Brydges, Lord Mayor London 1520.2
  • He was Privy Counsellor (P.C.).2 He was Chllr Court of Augmentation, U-Treasurer Exchequer, Member of Parliament (M.P.) Kent and Surrey.2 He was invested as a Knight. In 1970 Mildred, married as his 2nd wife Sir William Fitzwilliam (see edn FITZWILLIAM, E) issue.2
  • Children of Sir Robert Sackville and Winifred Brydges
    • 1.Ann Sackville2 d. 14 May 1595
    • 2.Thomas Sackville, 1st Earl of Dorset+ b. 1527, d. 19 Apr 1608
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] BP2003 volume 1, page 1078. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 2.[S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • From:
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  • Links
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b. by 1501, 2nd s. of Richard Sackville, and bro. of John I. educ. G. Inn. m. Agnes, da. of Thomas Thatcher of Westhampnett, 1da.

Offices Held Lent reader, G. Inn 1529.

Commr. subsidy, Suss. 1523, 1524; j.p. 1524-d.; steward, Arundel college, Arundel, Suss. by 1524-d.; high steward, Arundel castle 1536; steward, Suss. lands of William Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel 1536.


Richard Sackville was a lawyer. As a young man he assisted his father in estate management and county affairs, while his elder brother resided on the family estates in Essex. In 1522 he became an ‘ancient’ of Gray’s Inn and two years later he was named to the Sussex bench, on which he remained active until his death. He was closely associated with Thomas and William Fitzalan, 10th and 11th Earls of Arundel, from whom he received a succession of offices in their gift. His origin and connexions made him a natural choice for a seat in Parliament, and his election in 1529 was probably not his first, although the loss of names for preceding Parliaments leaves this in doubt. His return in 1529 may have been encouraged from another quarter, for through his brother’s marriage he was related to the Boleyns. He probably sat for Arundel again in the next Parliament, in June 1536, when the King asked for the return of the previous Members, and may have continued to do so in succeeding ones for which the names of the Members are lost. Nothing is known of his part in the proceedings of the House.

In 1529 Sackville’s fellow-Member was another Fitzalan client, Thomas Prestall, with whom he was soon on bad terms. Early in the life of the Parliament he took Prestall to court in an attempt to break a lease of 600 acres of land which Prestall held from Arundel college. The master and fellows had made a lease to Sackville on the understanding that he would invalidate Prestall’s interest in the property. This he failed to do, and it was perhaps in an attempt to recoup his costs that he sold the valueless lease to Thomas Devenish, from whom it passed to a John Ledes who in 1549 was still seeking to establish its validity. In 1537 Sackville had lost a dispute with Devenish over property at Westhampnett which was leased from the Earl of Arundel and which may have been part of Devenish’s payment to him for the disputed college lease.

Sackville was gradually eclipsed in local affairs by his more eminent nephew and namesake from whom he is not easy to distinguish in that context after 1540. He was still alive at the beginning of April 1545, but within a year he had been replaced as the 12th Earl of Arundel’s steward by Thomas Carpenter. Sackville was buried at Westhampnett, where a monument was erected to his memory. His widow married John Ledes, and it may have been at her instigation that Ledes took up the matter of the college lease against Prestall. Sackville died intestate and it was not until 1587 that administration of his goods was granted to Henry Shelley of Warminghurst, who had married his only child Elizabeth.


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Richard Sackville, MP's Timeline

Sussex, Parish of Chiddingly
Age 30
Buckhurst, Withyam, Sussex, England
Age 36
Dorset, England
April 21, 1566
Age 60
Whithyam, Sussex, England
April 1566
Age 60
St Michaels Parish Church, Whithyham, Sussex
February 18, 1961
Age 60
February 24, 1961
Age 60
March 14, 1961
Age 60