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Richard Tozier

Birthplace: Prob Dover, Kent, Or Devonshire, England
Death: Died in Salmon Falls, Kittery, York, Maine
Immediate Family:

Husband of Judith Tozier
Father of Thomas Tozier, Jr.; Elizabeth Randall; Richard Tozier, Jr.; Simon Tozier; Martha Lord and 3 others

Occupation: Killed during an Indian attack during Philip's War
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Richard Tozier

A sail maker, Richard Tozier of Salmon Falls married Judith Smith, July, 3, 1656. In 1659 they were taxed in Cocheco, and moved to Salmon Falls (Berwick) the same year. Judith administered his will July, 16, 1676. Son Thomas was killed with his father (10/16/1675)  by indians at Salmon Falls during King Philip's War.

Richard Tozer was born about 1631. His orgin is unknown but he may have been born in Dover, England. He was living in Boston when he married Judith Smith on July 3, 1656. The two had the following children; Thomas, Richard, Simon, Elizabeth Blanchant, Martha Lord, and John.  

Richard and Judith left Boston about 1657. By 1659 whey had settled in Kittery, Maine, where the town granted Richard 60 acres "adjoining to William Pyles lott above the Salmon falls. Richard built a garrison house at this site.    

In 1675 the King Phillips War was in full force. The area around Kittery was a scene of much fighting and bloodshed. In the fall of 1675:

  • "the house of Richard Tozer, at Salmon Falls, wherein were fifteen women and children, were attacked by two Indians, Andrew and Hope-hood, but were valiantly defended by a young woman who held fast the door till all the others escaped and till it was hewn in pieces by the Indians who then entering struck her down, leaving her dead, while they followed the others to the next house which better fotified, the Indians did not attack. Two children were captured who were of this company, and could not keep up with the others, one of three years was killed, the other of seven was carried into captivity, but afterwards returned by them."

On October 16, 1675 Richard Tozer and his son, Thomas, were at his home when they were surprised by a large Indian raiding party.  Richard was killed and his son was captured. A letter written at the timeto Major Walderne describes what happened:

  • "Mr. Richard Waldren and Lt. Coffin, these are to inform you, that just now the Indians are engaging us with at least 100 men, and have slain four of our men already, Richard Tozer, JamesBarney, Issack Bottes and Tozer's son and burnt Benoni Hodsden's house; Sir,if ever you have any love for us, and this country, now show yourself with men to help us, or else we are all in great danger to be slain, unless our Godwonderfully appear for our deliverance. They that cannot fight, let them pray; nought else, but I rest, Yours to serve you, Signed by Roger Plaisted, George Broughton."

Major Walderne was unable to supply any help. Lt. Plaisted and his men and settlers would have been safe if they remained in their garrisons but Lt. Plaisted decided to leave the garrison with 20 men to recover the bodies of the slain. After recovering Richard Tozer's body, the details was itself ambushed. Lt. Plaisted and one of his sons were among the dead. Another son of Plaisted was mortally wounded. Some of the burial-crew did manage to reach the safety of the garrison. Captain Charles Frost came up and buried the dead without incident.

Judith survived the raids but died about 1683 at which time her son Richard, was appointed administrator of her estate.Her daugher Martha married Nathan Lord on November 22, 1678. They settled in the garrison house built by her father.

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Richard Tozier's Timeline

Prob Dover, Kent, Or Devonshire, England
May 5, 1657
Age 26
Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts
April 1659
Age 28
Salmon Falls, York, Maine
Age 29
Salmon Falls (Berwick), Maine, United States
Age 30
Kittery, York, Maine, United States
Age 31
Kittery, York County, Maine
Age 33
Salmon Falls, York County, Massachusetts Bay Colony
Age 34
Salmon Falls, Kittery, Massachusetts
Age 34
Kittery, Maine