Matching family tree profiles for Richard de Le Bon II, Sir
About Richard de Le Bon II, Sir
I'm working on a Bone line that claims descent from the de Bohun's through a "marriage" between Richard le Bon of Scotland, who supposedly married his distant English cousin, Margaret de Bohun. According a book called The Bone Family in America, Margaret's family had Richard and Margaret's marriage annulled shortly after the birth of their son John. She then married Hugh de Courtenay and had 17 more children.
The only evidence of the marriage that the book's author was able to find was in a library at Oxford among de Bohun family papers, which said that Margaret's marriage to de Courtenay was her SECOND marriage.
Also, Richard le Bon's line was supposed to have descended from the de Bohuns but his branch was estranged from the English branch when his ancestor supported the losing side between Prince Henry and Henry II.
The book says:
"When Prince Henry revolted against his father in 1173, Sir Robert de Bohun was one of his associates. In the next year, the situation became critical when Prince Henry persuaded William the Lion, King of Scotland, to joint him in the war against his father...The battle ended in a complete route of the rebellious forces; King William was captured and imprisoned, Sir Robert [de Bohun] fled to Scotland...the rift between the de Bohuns was too great; it is believed that Sir Robert never saw his father or brother Humphrey again...
"About 1323, Sir Richard le Bon de Bohun, a descendant of the Scottish branch of the family mentioned earlier, was sent to England on a special mission. He visited his cousins, the family of Humphrey, the seventh Baron de Bohun, and fell in love with Margaret. They
married' and had a son, John. Before the latter was a year old, the family had the marriage annulled and Lady Margaret was married shortly thereafter (August 11, 1325) to Sir Hugh de Courtenay III (1303-77), Earl of Devon. Sir Richard and his infant son lived in Scotland. The Scottish family soon thereafter dropped the de Bohun; so the son was known as John le Bon....
"The Scottish branch of the de Bohun family consists of shadowy figures of the past from 1183, when Sir Robert de Bohun settled on a fief granted him by King William the Lion, until 1610 when a descendant of Sir Robert's migrated to Northern Ireland. The English branch appeared many times in records of the period (1066-1447) as noted in Chapter VIII above. Genealogists of the Bone family have discovered some records of the Scottish branch in libraries, museums, and record offices in Edinburgh, Glasgow, Belfast, Londonderry, and London. As a result of tedious checking, begun in 1870-71, a list of direct male descendants from Sir Robert to William Bone of Pennsylvania has been compiled.
(0) Humphrey, third Baron de Bohun (1109-87) (1) Sir Robert
le Bon' de Bohun (b. c1153); to Scotland in 1174-83. (2) Sir Richard
le Bon' de Bohun (b 1181) (3) Sir William le Bon de Bohun (b. 1215) (4) Sir Henry le Bon de Bohun (b. c1243) (5) Sir Richard le Bon de Bohun (1271-1325) (6) Sir Richard le Bon de Bohun (1297-1357) (7) John le Bon (1324-1391) (8) Humphrey le Bon (d. 1408) ? (9) William le Bon (d. 1435) (10) Robert le Bon (d. 1478) (11) John le Bon (d. 1514) (12) John le Bon (d. 1513) (13) John Bone (d. 1547); had two sons (or brothers named Bone) who migrated to the English midlands prior to 1549 (14) Robert Bone of Scotland (d. after 1573) (15) James Bone of Scotland (d. 1609/10) (16) Robert Bone of Scotland (d. 1609/10); had two sons who left Scotland; Thomas to English Midlands in 1610, and (17) Robert Bone: to Northern Ireland in 1610. He had five sons, the two youngest of whom left Ireland; Thomas for the West Indies and George to the Virginia colony, both in 1650/51; his eldest (18) William Bone (d. Northern Ireland 1674) (19) John Bone of Ulster (1649-1720); had five sons (eldest Humphrey --d.s.p.;.); the second of whom as (20) William Bone (1670-1728): migrated in 1692 to that part of Chester County, Pennsylvania, which later became Lancaster County.....
"One of the most interesting, yet traumatic, stories in the history of the Bone family took place in 1325 when Lady Margaret de Bohun was forced to leave her husband, Sir Richard de Bohun, and her infant son, John, a few months old, and marry Hugh de Courtenay, Earl of Devon. Sir Richard and his infant son settled on their Scottish land and ties with the English relations were evidently severed....When John le Bon de Bohun reached adulthood, he dropped the de Bohun and the family thereafter became known as le Bon until early in the sixteenth century when they began using Bone....
"One of the problems of the Bone genealogists has been to find a record of the marriage of Lady Margaret and Sir Richard le Bon de Bohun. Family legend connected the Bones with the de Bohuns and had it that the Bones were direct descendants of King Edward I. Dave Bone in his 1870-90 records shows Margaret de Bohun, Edward I's granddaughter, as the mother of John le Bon of Scotland. In 1926, I copied from some of Dave's material the following note, scribbled on yellow lined paper,
Sir Richard le B de B (1297-1357) m. c1323 Lady Margaret de Bohun (1305-91), dau of Sir Humphrey and Lady Eliz. de B. - (An 1324/25): one son John (b. 1324).' It was thought that the AN of Dave's stood for
annulment.' Hwever, there are some problems: No record has been found of Margaret's marriage to Sir Richard, yet there are records in volumes on the peerage, published in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, giving her marriage to Sir Hugh de Courtenay....Attempts have been made to find contemporary records or references to her marriage to Sir Richard and/or to an annulment in libraries, record offices; even in the Vatican library...
"I finally received some help from two sources: from Dr. Wallace Notestein, eminent Professor of English History (medieval period) at Yale, and from a manuscript in the Bodleian Library of Oxford University....Dr. Notestein showed an interest in my query and stated that the royal family not only might have obtained a papal annulment, but also might have been successful in having the marriage deleted from all known records...
"There is one more inportant and interesting piece of evidence which I found in the winter of 1945-46. At the time I was teaching history at Shrivenham University, located in the village of Shrivenham, near Swindon, and not far from Oxford, England. I had a special permit to use the libraries at Oxford University. Through the help of Sir Richard Livingstone, Vice Chancellor of Oxford, a librarian was assigned to help a few of us with some special projects. I consulted him about
my married problem.' He finally located some very old documents,
Le Courtenay (Devon) Familie, MSS' in the Bodleian Library. I read the old pages and became fascinated. I suddenly found a clue....I copied the following, "...Hugh de Courtenay, earl of Devon, died in 1340. He was suc. by his son Hugh, b. Jl. 12, 1303; mar. Aug. 11, 1325, to Lady Margaret de Bohun, as her second husband. She was a granddaughter of Edward I and daughter of the Earl of Hereford and Essex. He was kn. 1327; they had eight sons and nine daughters...."