Rep. Robert E. M. Baylor (J-AL)

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Rep. Robert E. M. Baylor (J-AL)'s Geni Profile

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Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor

Birthplace: Lincoln, Clay County, Kentucky, United States
Death: Died in Washington, Washington County, Texas, United States
Place of Burial: Belton, Bell County, Texas, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Capt. John Walker Baylor and Jane Baylor (Bledsoe)
Brother of John Walker Baylor; George W. Baylor; William Miller Baylor and Frances Norton Metcalfe (Baylor)

Occupation: Co-founder of Baylor University, politician, Baptist minister, district judge
Managed by: Ric Kostick
Last Updated:

About Rep. Robert E. M. Baylor (J-AL)

Co-founded Baylor University in Texas in 1845

Served in Congress. Commanded a company of soldiers in 1812.

Never married, fathered no children.


Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor (May 5, 1793–January 6, 1874) was a Kentucky native who later moved to Alabama and then Texas. Baylor was also the nephew of Kentucky politician Jesse Bledsoe.

Baylor served in the military during the War of 1812. After the war he studied and then practiced law in Kentucky. He was briefly a member of the Kentucky House of Representatives from 1819 to 1820 before he resigned and moved to Alabama.

In Alabama he practiced law, studied theology, was licensed to preach, and was ordained to the Baptist ministry. In 1824 he was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives. Baylor was elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress (March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1831) from Alabama's 2nd congressional district and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1830 to the Twenty-second Congress.

In 1839, Baylor moved to Texas where he co-founded Baylor University in 1845 with the Reverend William Tryon and Reverend James Huckins--the first Baptist missionary to Texas. He was elected judge of the district and supreme courts of the Republic of Texas and was a member of the convention that framed the State constitution of Texas in 1845. Baylor was a district judge for twenty-five years. Despite his prominence, Baylor County, Texas is not named after him; rather, it is named after his nephew Henry Weidner Baylor.

ROBERT EMMETT BLEDSOE Baylor (1793–1873). R. E. B. Baylor, lawyer, college founder, and Baptist leader, was born in Lincoln County, Kentucky, on May 10, 1793, the son of Walker and Jane (Bledsoe) Baylor. His father had been a captain in the Continental Army during the American Revolution, in a company of dragoons that often assisted George Washington. Baylor received his formal education at a country school and at academies around Paris, Kentucky. After service in the War of 1812 he studied law in the office of his uncle, Judge Jesse Bledsoe, and was elected in 1819 to the Kentucky legislature. Around 1820 he moved to Tuscaloosa, Alabama, where he practiced law. In 1824–25 he served in the Alabama legislature. He was elected a representative from Alabama to the Twenty-first Congress of the United States in 1829 and was defeated in the election of 1831. In 1833 he moved to Dallas County, Alabama. Baylor raised a few volunteers and served as a lieutenant colonel against the Creek Indians in Alabama in 1836. He was converted in 1839 during a Baptist revival meeting conducted by his cousin Thomas Chilton at Talladega, Alabama. The same year he was ordained a Baptist minister and, at the age of forty-six, went to Texas. He settled near La Grange in Fayette County and organized a school. He assisted in the organization of the Union Baptist Association in 1840 and the Texas Baptist Education Society around 1841. With two other Baptist ministers, Z. N. Morrell and Thomas W. Cox,qqv he served under Edward Burleson at the battle of Plum Creek in 1840. On January 7, 1841, Baylor was elected judge of the Third Judicial District of the Congress of the Republic of Texas and consequently became an associate justice of the Supreme Court, an office he held until the end of the republic. He was a delegate from Fayette County to the Convention of 1845 and served on three committees: Annexation, Judiciary, and General Provisions of the Constitution. He helped to write the first state constitution and favored free public schools, homestead exemptions, annual elections, and the exclusion of clergy from the legislature. He opposed the veto power for the governor. In 1846 the first Texas state governor, J. P. Henderson, appointed Baylor judge of the state's Third Judicial District. Baylor served in that capacity until 1863. With William M. Tryon and J. G. Thomas, Baylor prepared the petition that led to the establishment of Baylor University in 1845. He may have donated the first $1,000 to the university; he served as a member of the board of trustees and taught law intermittently, without pay. While traveling through his judicial districts on horseback to enforce the law, he held court by day and preached in the evenings. He presided at the first district court held in Waco and perhaps delivered the first sermon ever preached in that city, at the hotel owned by Shapley P. Ross. Baylor became a Mason in 1825; he served as chaplain of the Grand Lodge of Texas Masons in 1843, 1845, and 1847. In 1853 he assisted in the organization of a lodge at Gay Hill in Washington County, his home until his death. Baylor never married. He died on December 30, 1873, and was buried, as he had requested, on the campus of Baylor University at Independence. His remains were reinterred in 1917 on the campus of Baylor Female College (now the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor). BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. E. B. Baylor Papers, Texas Collection, Baylor University. James Milton Carroll, A History of Texas Baptists (Dallas: Baptist Standard, 1923). Dictionary of American Biography. L. R. Elliott, ed., Centennial Story of Texas Baptists (Dallas: Baptist General Convention of Texas, 1936). Encyclopedia of Southern Baptists (4 vols., Nashville: Broadman, 1958–82).

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Rep. Robert E. M. Baylor (J-AL)'s Timeline

May 10, 1793
Lincoln, Clay County, Kentucky, United States
January 6, 1872
Age 78
Washington, Washington County, Texas, United States
Belton, Bell County, Texas, United States