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Robert Henry

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Scotland
Death: Died in West Caln Township, Chester, Penn, United States
Cause of death: Buried in same grave as wife
Place of Burial: Chester Co., Pa.
Immediate Family:

Son of John Henry and unknown wife of John Henry
Husband of Mary Ann Henry
Father of John Durke Henry; James Henry and Robert Henry

Managed by: Sandra Hanson Ferretti
Last Updated:

About Robert Henry

Biography

ROBERT and MARY ANN HENRY, of Scotch ancestry, sailed for Pennsylvania via Coleraine, Ireland with their three adult sons; John 1, Robert ,and James 1, in the year 1722; landed at Newcastle, Delaware, and proceeded overland to their plantation in West Cain township, Chester Co. Pa. Robert and wife Mary Ann died on the same day in 1735 and were buried in Boyd's Presbyterian Meeting House.

The children of Robert and Mary are as follows:

  • John,. b. c.1700; married Elizabeth De Vinney
  • James, b. c.1705; d. 1734; Married Mary Ann Davis
  • Robert, b.c.1710 ; Married Sarah Davis

Source: Henry Genealogy: The Descendants of Samuel Henry of Hadley and Amherst, Mass. 1734-1790 and Laura (Cady) Henry, His Wife: By William Henry Eldridge; Press of T.R. Marvin and Son; Boston, Mass.; 1915

Link: https://books.google.com/books?id=s5s-AAAAYAAJ&dq=%22robert%20henry%22%20mary%20ann%20hadley%20genealogy&pg=PA167#v=onepage&q&f=false

  • Note: Robert and Mary Ann were buried in the same grave. Most sources give Mary Ann's last name as Durke. Source above list her name as Henry. Left as Henry on the profile.
  • Note: Mary Ann and Sarah Davis were sisters
  • Note: Robert and Mary Ann were buried in the same grave.

I found this information interesting:

From information of Doris Noland Parton on RootsWeb: http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/HENRY/2010-02/1265369165

Robert and Mary Ann (Henry) Henry were cousins who married. Robert was born ca 1678 in probably Glencoe, Argyllshire, Scotland, and died 1735 in Chester Co. PA. He married Mary Ann Henry (Henry being her maiden name). She was born ca 1679 and died 1735 in Chester Co. PA. They died on the same day and were buried in the cemetery at Boyd's Presbyterian Meeting House. (From the book by William Henry Eldridge cited at the bottom of this email. It can be read at books.google.com.)

The following is information given me by Charlotte Johnson Henry and I have her permission to share it.

In the files of the Moravian Historical Society, fide Susan Dreydoppel at www.moravianhistoricalsociety.org, there is a letter from Thomas H. Atherton, as follows: "At Glencoe Arghyllshire Scotland in the year 1692 the Macdonald Clan was massacred by the Campbells. Among the survivors was Robert Henry, a boy of 14 yrs. wearing a gold seal ring with a white onyx face bearing a crest griffins head. He found refuge in North Ireland until 1722 when he came to the Colonies with his wife Mary Ann and their sons John, Robert and James...." Dreydoppel continues that John apparently married a Huguenot named Elizabeth de Vinne (Devinney) and they were parents of William Henry of Lancaster (PA), who began the gun-making dynasty.

Robert Henry, in Glencoe of this era, surely was born Mac Ainruig (son of Henry) the Gaelic usage. Other MacAniruigs of Glencoe, e.g., soldiers of the "45, were listed in English translation as McKendrick and Henderson (HL).

Notes for Mary Ann:

According to Clan Member Charlotte Johnson Henry, who submitted this genealogy, Robert Henry "made his way to his uncle's home in Ireland, where he probably married this uncle's daughter Mary Ann Henry, who was said to be his cousin.:


From Wikipedia: "The Massacre of Glencoe"

The Massacre

In late January or early February 1692 the first and second companies of the Earl of Argyll's Regiment of Foot, which consisted of approximately 120 men under the command of Captain Robert Campbell of Glenlyon, were billeted on the MacDonalds in Glencoe, who received them in the hospitable tradition of the Highlands. Most of the regiment was recruited from the Argyll estates but only a minority actually bore the Campbell name. Others, including many of the officers, came from the Lowlands. Captain Campbell was related by marriage to old MacIain himself and so it was natural that he should be billeted at the Chief's own house. Each morning for about two weeks, Captain Campbell visited the home of Alexander MacDonald, MacIain's youngest son, who was married to Campbell's niece, the sister of Rob Roy MacGregor. At this stage, it is not clear that Campbell knew the nature of their mission; ostensibly they were there to collect the Cess tax, a property tax or assessment instituted by the Scots Parliament in 1690. The planning was meticulous enough for them to be able to produce legitimate orders to this effect from Colonel Hill, the man who had tried to help MacIain complete his oath in the first place, thus dispelling any suspicions the MacDonalds may have had. However, it was Colonel Hill who issued the orders to begin the massacre two weeks later.

On 12 February 1692, Captain Drummond arrived. Due to his role in ensuring MacIain was late in giving his oath, Drummond would not have been welcomed. As the captain of the 1st company of the regiment, the Grenadiers, he was the ranking officer, yet did not take command. Drummond was bearing instructions (see inset) for Robert Campbell, from his superior officer, Major Duncanson. He spent the evening playing cards with his unsuspecting victims and upon retiring, wished them goodnight and accepted an invitation to dine with MacIain, the chief, the following day.

Alasdair MacIain was killed while trying to rise from his bed by Lt Lindsay and Ensign Lundie but his sons escaped, as initially did his wife. In all, 38 men were murdered either in their homes or as they tried to flee the glen. Another 40 women and children died of exposure after their homes were burned. The first clansman to be killed was Duncan Rankin. He was shot down as he tried to escape by crossing the River Coe near the chief's house.[5] Elsewhere, various members of the two companies found ways of warning their hosts. Two lieutenants, Lt Francis Farquhar and Lt Gilbert Kennedy even broke their swords rather than carry out their orders. They were arrested and imprisoned, but were exonerated, released and later gave evidence for the prosecution against their superior officers.

In addition to the soldiers who were actually in Glencoe that night, two other detachments, each of four hundred men were, according to the plan, to have converged on the escape routes. Both were late in taking up their positions. It is possible that a snowstorm made arrival on-time quite difficult—especially for those approaching over the Devil's Staircase from Kinlochleven; it is equally possible that they simply did not want to play any part in what they knew to be a heinous crime.

Inquiry

Under Scots law there was a special category of murder, known as "murder under trust", which was considered to be even more heinous than ordinary murder.[6] The Glencoe massacre was a clear example of this, as shown by the results of the inquiry:

Though the command of superior officers be very absolute, yet no command against the laws of nature is binding; so that a soldier, retaining his commission, ought to refuse to execute any barbarity, as if a soldier should be commanded to shoot a man passing by inoffensively, upon the street, no such command would exempt him from the punishment of murder.[7]

The challenge to the inquiry which had been established, was to apportion blame on those responsible for the massacre, and yet the orders which led to it were signed by the King himself, who could not be seen to be responsible.

The scandal was further enhanced when the leading Scottish jurist Sir John Lauder, Lord Fountainhall was, in 1692, offered the post of Lord Advocate but declined it because the condition was attached that he should not prosecute the persons implicated in the Glencoe Massacre. Sir George Mackenzie, who had been Lord Advocate under King Charles II, also refused to concur in this partial application of the penal laws but, unlike Fountainhall, his refusal led to his temporary disgrace.

The conclusion of the commission was to exonerate the King and to place the blame for the massacre upon Secretary Dalrymple. The Scottish Parliament, after reviewing the commission report, declared the execution of the MacDonald men to have been murder and delegated the "committee for the security of the kingdom" to prepare an address to the King which included recommendations for the punishment of the perpetrators of the plot and compensation to be paid to the surviving MacDonalds. As far as is known, these recommendations were never acted upon except for the imprisonment of John Campbell Earl of Breadalbane for a few days in Edinburgh Castle on a charge of high treason because he had been involved in secret talks with the Jacobite chiefs.[5]

Aftermath

Glencoe Massacre Memorial

Memorial inscription The Glencoe massacre became a propaganda piece for Jacobite sympathies, which were to come to a head in the next generation in the Jacobite risings of 1715 and 1745. In the Victorian era interest was revived and the massacre was romanticised in art and literature, such as Sir Walter Scott's "The Highland Widow". More recently Glencoe was the subject of Eric Linklater's 1957 story "The Masks of Purpose", and David Clement-Davies's "Fire Bringer", in which the region is called the "Valley Of Weeping". The massacre is also the subject of Susan Fletcher's novel Corrag (2010) and Jennifer Roberson's "Lady of the Glen" (1996).

Due to the involvement of Argyll's regiment under Glenlyon's command, the massacre was regarded by many (who were schooled in the romantic 19th-century school of Scottish history) not as a government action, but as a consequence of the ancient MacDonald–Campbell rivalry.

Memory of this massacre has been kept alive by continued ill feeling between MacDonalds and Campbells. Since the late 20th century the Clachaig Inn, a hotel and pub in Glencoe popular with climbers, has had a sign on its door saying "No Hawkers or Campbells"[3] although it has been said that this is probably more for the amusement of tourists than from any lasting sense of revenge.[8]

In 1883 Macdonald of Aberdeen sculpted the Upper Carnoch memorial to the massacre, a tapering Celtic cross on a cairn which stands at the eastern end of Glencoe village,[9] which was formerly known as Carnoch. Each year, on 13 February, the Clan Donald Society of Edinburgh arranges an annual wreath laying ceremony at the memorial to the Massacre of Glencoe. Clansmen from Clan Donald, from across the world, attend the ceremony, along with local people. The ceremony originated in 1930 when the late Miss Mary Rankin, Taigh a’phuirt, Glencoe, decided that a wreath should be laid annually on the monument. Miss Rankin, who supplied the wreath up to the time of her death in 1944, commissioned the late Mr. Angus MacDonald to lay it on her behalf. On Mr. MacDonald’s death in 1936, his second son Robert took over the duty, the wreath being supplied after Miss Rankin's death by Robert’s sister, Miss Annie MacDonald.[10]

General Stewart of Garth, in a footnote, relates that Charles Edward Stuart was anxious to save the house and property of Lord Stair at Kirkliston during the ’45 Rising. He proposed to march the Glencoe men some distance from the scene lest they take revenge on the part played by his grandfather when ordered by William III to extirpate their clan. But, when the proposal was communicated to the Glencoe men they declared that, if that were the case, they must return home. If they were considered so dishonourable as to take revenge on an innocent man, they were not fit to remain with honourable men, nor to support an honourable cause. It was not without much explanation, and great persuasion, that they were prevented from marching away the following morning.

Link:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Massacre_of_Glencoe


Order for Massacre ( original may be seen in media):

Copy of order to Capt. Campbell by Maj. Duncanson You are hereby ordered to fall upon the rebells, the McDonalds of Glenco, and put all to the sword under seventy. you are to have a speciall care that the old Fox and his sones doe upon no account escape your hands, you are to secure all the avenues that no man escape. This you are to putt in execution att fyve of the clock precisely; and by that time, or very shortly after it, I’ll strive to be att you with a stronger party: if I doe not come to you att fyve, you are not to tarry for me, but to fall on. This is by the Kings speciall command, for the good & safety of the Country, that these miscreants be cutt off root and branch. See that this be putt in execution without feud or favour, else you may expect to be dealt with as one not true to King nor Government, nor a man fitt to carry Commissione in the Kings service. Expecting you will not faill in the full-filling hereof, as you love your selfe, I subscribe these with my hand att Balicholis Feb: 12, 1692. For their Majesties service (signed) R. Duncanson To Capt. Robert Campbell of Glenlyon


Note: There is much conflicting information as to his wife Mary Ann, their marriage and the birth place of their children. I sifted through piles of secondary documentation and can not venture a guess as to the correct information - D. Glenn

Links:

http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=thegillons&id=I445

http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:Mary_Ann_Henry_%281%29

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=lamar&id=I62416

http://www.werelate.org/wiki/Person:Robert_Henry_%2828%29

D. Glenn/2016

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Robert Henry's Timeline

1675
1675
Scotland
1700
1700
Age 25
Scotland, United Kingdom
1705
1705
Age 30
1710
1710
Age 35
Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
1735
1735
Age 60
West Caln Township, Chester, Penn, United States
????
Chester Co., Pa.