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About Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford
Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford
Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford (1431–1464) He supported the Lancastrians cause in the War of the Roses. In the late 1440s and early 1450s he was a member of successive parliaments. He was a prisoner of the French for much of the 1450s until his mother arranged a payment of a 7,966l ransom. In 1460 after successive defeats on the battlefield he fled with Henry VI to Scotland. In 1461 he was attainted in Edward IV's first parliament, and executed in Newcastle soon after he was captured at the Battle of Hexham.
Hungerford was son and heir of Robert Hungerford, 2nd Baron Hungerford, and was grandson of' Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford (died 1449). Hungerford was summoned to parliament as Baron Moleyns in 1445, sui uxoris (in the right of his wife), Alianore or Eleanor, the great-great-granddaughter of John, baron de Molines or Moleyns (died 1371). Hungerford received a like summons until 1453.
In 1448 Hungerford began a fierce quarrel with John Paston regarding the ownership of the manor of Gresham in Norfolk. Hungerford, acting on the advice of John Heydon, a solicitor of Baconsthorpe, took forcible possession of the estate on 17 February 1448. William Waynflete, bishop of Winchester, made a vain attempt at arbitration. Paston obtained repossession, but on 28 January 1450 Hungerford sent a thousand men to dislodge him. After threatening to kill Paston, who was absent, Hungerford's adherents violently assaulted Paston's wife Margaret, but Hungerford finally had to surrender the manor to Paston.
In 1452 Hungerford accompanied John Talbot, 2nd Earl of Shrewsbury, to Aquitaine, and was taken prisoner while endeavouring to raise the siege of Chastillon. His ransom was fixed at 7,966l., and his mother sold her plate and mortgaged her estates to raise the money. His release was effected in 1459, after seven years and four months' imprisonment. In consideration of his misfortunes he was granted, in the year of his return to England, license to export fifteen hundred sacks of wool to foreign ports without paying duty, and received permission to travel abroad. He thereupon visited Florence.
In 1460 Hungerford was home again, and took a leading part on the Lancastrian side in the Wars of the Roses. In June 1460 he retired with Lord Scales and other of his friends to the Tower of London, on the entry of the Earl of Warwick and his Kentish followers into the city; but after the defeat of the Lancastrians at the battle of Northampton (10 July 1460), Hungerford and his friends surrendered the Tower to the Yorkists on the condition that he and Lord Scales should depart free,
After taking part in the battle of Towton (29 March 1461)—a further defeat for the Lancastrians—Hungerford fled with Henry VI to York, and thence into Scotland. He visited France in the summer to obtain help for Henry and Margaret, and was arrested by the French authorities in August 1461. Writing to Margaret at the time from Dieppe, he begged her not to lose heart. He was attainded in Edward IV's first parliament in November 1461. He afterward met with some success in his efforts to rally the Lancastrians in the north of England, but was taken prisoner at the Battle of Hexham on 15 May 1464, and was executed at Newcastle. He was buried in Salisbury Cathedral. On 5 August 1460 many of his lands were granted to Richard, Duke of Gloucester (afterward Richard III). Other portions of his property were given to Lord Wenlock, who was directed by Edward IV to make provision for Hungerford's wife and young children.
Hungerford married at a very early age (about 1441) Alianore or Eleanor (b. 1425), daughter and heiress of Sir William de Molines or Moleyns (d. 1428). They had two children:
- Thomas Hungerford of Rowden
- Walter Hungerford of Farleigh
Eleanor, Baroness Moleyns, survived her husband and subsequently married Sir Oliver de Manningham. She was buried at Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire.
- Sir Robert Hungerford, 3rd Lord Hungerford, Lord Moleyns1,2,3,4,5,6
- M, #26795, b. circa 1429, d. 18 May 1464
- Father Sir Robert Hungerford, 2nd Lord Hungerford7,8,9 b. c 1411, d. 18 May 1459
- Mother Margaret Botreaux7,8,9 b. c 1412, d. 7 Feb 1478
- Sir Robert Hungerford, 3rd Lord Hungerford, Lord Moleyns was born circa 1429 at of Heytesbury, Wiltshire, England; Age 30 in 1459.3,5 He married Eleanor Moleyns, daughter of Sir William Moleyns and Anna Whalesborough, before 5 November 1440; They had 3 sons (Sir Thomas; Walter; & Leonard) & 1 daughter (Frideswide).2,10,3,4,5,6 Sir Robert Hungerford, 3rd Lord Hungerford, Lord Moleyns died on 18 May 1464 at Newcastle, Northumberland, England; Beheaded. Buried at Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire.2,3,5
- Family Eleanor Moleyns b. 11 Jun 1426, d. c 1492
- Leonard Hungerford
- Sir Walter Hungerford+ b. c 1445, d. c 29 May 1516
- Sir Thomas Hungerford+2,3,5 b. c 1447, d. 18 Jan 1469
- 1.[S8327] Unknown author, The Complete Peerage, by Cokayne, Vol. VI, p. 618-621; Burke's Peerage, 1938, p. 1599, 2340; Families Directly Descended from all the Royal Families in Europe, by Elizabeth M. Rixford, p. 26.
- 2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 408-409.
- 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 430-431.
- 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 154.
- 5.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 361.
- 6.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. IV, p. 109.
- 7.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 407-408.
- 8.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 429.
- 9.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 359-360.
- 10.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 504.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p892.htm#i26795
- Robert Hungerford, 3rd Lord Hungerford1
- M, #117186, b. 1428, d. 18 May 1464
- Last Edited=13 Dec 2012
- Consanguinity Index=0.21%
- Robert Hungerford, 3rd Lord Hungerford was born in 1428.2 He was the son of Robert Hungerford, 2nd Lord Hungerford and Margaret de Botreaux, 4th Baroness Botreaux.3 He married Eleanor de Moleyns, daughter of Sir William de Moleyns and Anne Whalesborough, on 5 November 1440.4 He died on 18 May 1464, beheaded.5
- War 1453 taken prisoner at the Battle of Castillon or Châtillon (the last battle – a catastrophic defeat for the English – of the Hundred Years War) 1453.4 He gained the title of 3rd Lord Hungerford. On 13 January 1444 so created /5 by writ vp.4 He fought in the Battle of Towton in 1461.6 After 1461 he was attainted.6 On 4 November 1461 on his return to England some six years later he supported the Lancastrian party in the Wars of Roses, being attainted on the ascendancy of the Yorkists under EDWARD IV after their victory of Towton, where he fought for HENRY VI.4 He fought in the Battle of Hexham in 1464.6
- Children of Robert Hungerford, 3rd Lord Hungerford and Eleanor de Moleyns
- 1.Sir Walter Hungerford+1 d. 1516
- 2.Sir Thomas Hungerford+3 d. 17 Jan 1468/69
- 3.Leonard Hungerford6
- 4.Frideswide Hungerford6
- 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 17. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- 2.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 618.
- 3.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 243.
- 4.[S37] Volume 3, page 3476. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
- 5.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 620.
- 6.[S37] See. [S37]
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p11719.htm#i117186
- Robert HUNGERFORD (3º B. Hungerford of Farleigh)
- Born: 1431
- Died: 18 May 1464, executed
- Notes: better known as Lord Moleyns, it appears he engaged in private warfare against his neighbour and was later captured at Chastillon and held prisoner in France for seven years during the last battle of the Hundred Years War, Robert finally returned to England and enlisted with the Lancastrians in the War of the Roses. He was attainted in 1461 and executed in 1464.
- Father: Robert HUNGERFORD (2º B. Hungerford of Farleigh)
- Mother: Margaret BOTREAUX
- Married: Eleanor De MOLEYNS (b. 1426 - d. 1476) (dau. of William De Moleyns and Anne Whalesborough) BEF 5 Nov 1440
- 1. Thomas HUNGERFORD (Sir)
- 2. Walter HUNGERFORD (Sir Knight)
- 3. Leonard HUNGERFORD
- 4. Alice HUNGERFORD
- 5. Frideswide HUNGERFORD
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/HUNGERFORD.htm#Robert HUNGERFORD (3º B. Hungerford of Farleigh)
- HUNGERFORD, Sir Walter (1378-1449), of Farleigh Hungerford, Som. and Heytesbury, Wilts.
- b. 22 June 1378, o. surv. s. of Sir Thomas Hungerford* by his 2nd w. m. (1) between Oct. 1396 and May 1399, Katherine, yr. da. and coh. of Thomas Peverell† of Parke and Hamatethy, Cornw. by Margaret, da. and coh. of Sir Thomas of Courtenay† Woodhuish, Devon, 4s. inc. Sir Edmund†, 2da; (2) by May 1439, Eleanor (d. 1 Aug. 1455), da. of Sir John Berkeley I* of Beverstone, Glos. by his 2nd w., wid. of John Arundel, Lord Mautravers (de jure earl of Arundel), and of Sir Richard Poynings. Kntd. 11 Oct. 1399; KG 3 May 1421; cr. Baron Hungerford Jan. 1426.
- .... etc.
- Sir Walter accumulated further estates for himself and his family by means of the advantageous marriages he negotiated for his children, although the first such match that he arranged, in 1416, was not so lucrative as it initially appeared, because he spent as much as £1,000 to secure the marriage and wardship of Margery, grand daughter and coheir of Hugh, Lord Burnell, for his fourth son, Edmund, only to discover after Burnell’s death in 1420 that Lord Hugh had not been free to dispose of the bulk of his holdings, their descent being governed by entails.2 Hungerford showed more caution when planning in 1421 the marriage of his third (but then eldest surviving) son, Robert, to Margaret, daughter and heir of William, Lord Botreaux—a union which was eventually (in 1462) to bring no less than 52 manors into the family’s possession—and he was instrumental in securing for Robert’s son, Robert, the hand of yet another heiress, namely, Eleanor, grand daughter of Sir William Moleyns*. This last match was to acquire for the family over 20 manors in Buckinghamshire, Cornwall, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire: it had been arranged by March 1439, when the Moleyns lands were already in Lord Hungerford’s control. His daughters also married well, their husbands being young heirs whose wardships he had obtained from the Crown: thus, Elizabeth, the elder, married Sir Philip Courtenay† of Powderham, nephew and heir of Bishop Courtenay of Norwich, and Margaret married Walter Rodney†, heir to his family’s estates. Effectively, both these alliances added, at least during the minorities, to the sum of Sir Walter’s landed possessions.
- .... etc.
- .... Though by now virtually retired, Lord Hungerford was by no means out of favour or lacking in influence. In 1446 he obtained a grant in tail-male of the duchy of Lancaster manor and borough of Hungerford, Berkshire, where he already owned property; and in 1447 the manor, park and hundred of Mere (which he had held by a grant for life since 1416) were awarded in survivorship to him and his younger son, Sir Edmund. The latter was doing well at Court, being an associate of the duke of Suffolk, with whom the family was also connected by the marriage of Lord Hungerford’s grandson, Robert, to Eleanor, Lady Moleyns.
- .... etc.
- Hungerford died at Farleigh Hungerford on 9 Aug. 1449, having ten days previously handed over all his property to his sons, Sir Robert and Sir Edmund, and his grandson, Robert, Lord Moleyns. .... etc.
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1386-1421/member/hungerford-sir-walter-1378-1449
Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford's Timeline
Farleigh-Hungerford, Somersetshire, England
Farleigh, Berkshire, , England
Farleigh Hungerford, Berkshire, England
Swanbourne, Buckinghamshire, England