Robert Lanier, Jr.

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Robert Lanier, Jr.

Also Known As: "Robert Lanier", "Kent", "England"
Birthplace: St. Michael's Parish, Barbados, West Indies
Death: after September 20, 1744
Tyrrell County, North Carolina
Place of Burial: Tyrrell County, North Carolina, United States
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Lanier, Sr. and Rebecca Lanier
Husband of Sarah Simpson / Lanier
Father of Grace Lanier; Annanazah Christana Lanier; Sarah Lanier; William Lanier, Sr.; Samariah Lanier and 2 others
Brother of John Lanier; Lemuel Lanier and Clement Lanier

Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Robert Lanier, Jr.

His will was made Sept 20 1744 and read March the following year.

Robert was the eldest of the three brothers. In 1695 Robert married Sarah, daughter of John BARKER and Grace COTTON of Surrey County, VA., and in 1711 moved down to N. C.

The family spent a brief time in Barbados


The following will (which I abstracted from original on is likely that of Robert, Jr., who married Sarah Barker. See more at

NC Wills has a will in "Terill" County, NC dated 20 Sept 1744. Bequeaths wife Sarah negroes Jack and Nan, six cows and calves and what steers belonging to his stock; the household furniture and the sale of his plantation manor (manner).

  • to beloved daughter Jean one shilling sterling; same to Elizabeth, Sarah and Annanarah Crestanah (?), Grace, Samoriah,
  • to beloved son William (worn off) one bible
  • to beloved son John Lanier one bible (bibele ?)
  • to grandson Robert Daniel a female negro child named Hannah
  • to grandson John Bryan a yearling heifer and the increase to be left for the care of my two sons aforementioned until they arrive at the age of 21
  • to my granddaughter Sarah Gilbert ....
  • to granddaughter Mary yearling heifer with increase left for care of my wife
  • tools to be divided between wife, two sons and grandson Robert Daniel
  • to two orphaned children raised in my house, Nancy Ann (?) Brown and Micarel Cheek, a yearling heifer each
  • to grandson Adams Lanier, a cow and calf
  • THe remainder of cattle after estate settled to be divided among two sons William and John Lanier

Will proved by oaths of Robert, Daniel and John Lanier with William Lanier taking executor's oath March Court 1744

[Will is on, North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1998 for Robert Lanier Not Stated Wills, Vol 16-18, Jen-Lov, Images 414-417]


Robert Lanier was probably the oldest of the three sons of Robert and Rebecca Lanier born about 1674 in Barbados, West Indies. His name first is linked to Charles City County in 1688 as it appears on several recorded deeds. He also appears in the tithes of Surry County in 1694 residing with Richard Jordan at the time. In 1695 Robert married Sarah Barker, daughter of John and Grace Barker (Grace Cotton, daughter of Thomas Cotton).. After their marriage, Robert and Sarah moved to Prince George County, they also buy some land associated with the name Blackwater Swamp, which Blackwater River is a tributary to the Chowan River and they lived in Isle of Wight County where Robert held some land which he subsequently sold as by 1711 their family moved to Chowan Precinct/District, North Carolina. A map of locations is given next between Virginia and North Carolina and it links to another map of the Surry County, Blackwater Swamp, and Isle of Wight County areas of Virginia.

The known families of Robert and Sarah who had families and children are Jean/Jane Lanier who married Matthias Tobias Schwanner about 1722 (see the Swanner page concerning that family, who are my ancestors. Then there is the family of Elizabeth Lanier and Thomas Daniels, William Lanier and Martha Ann Hill, and John Lanier and Sarah Adams. After the death of Matthias Tobias Schwanner/Swanner and Jean/Jane's Lanier, their three under aged sons were processed by 'Guardian Bonds' in June, 1746, by related family members. John Swanner, son of Matthias and Jane, was already of full age and did not require a guardian's bond. William Swanner would have been the oldest minor son and he chose as his guardian his older cousin Robert (Lanier) Daniel, the son of Jean/Jane (Lanier) Swanner's sister Elizabeth Lanier who had married Thomas Daniel. George Matthias Swanner chose as his guardian his uncle William Lanier, Robert Lanier and Sarah Barker's second youngest son. And Lamuel or Samuel Swanner chose his brother-in-law, Darby Bryan, the husband of his older sister Sarah (Schwanner/Swanner) Bryan. This handling of the 'orphans' of Mathias Tobias and Jane/Jean Schwanner is in itself an evidence as to the family ties between the families of Lanier, Daniel, Schwanner and Bryan.

  • source: LANIER, by Louise Ingersoll ('Definitive book on Lanier ancestry.')
  • source: NC; Virginia; Patent Bk 10 pg 110 lists property of Robert Lanier, Isle of Wight Co.

Province of NC; Sold Isle of Wight Co. property to Thomas Pursoll 23 June 1715;

  • source: Tithes of Surry Co. Vrgn show Robert Lanier living with cousin John Lanier 1694.
  • source: Family Group Sheet SLC Archives with temple ordinances for family completed '68/'69.

Will of Robert Lanier; follows: LANIER, ROBERT

Secretary of State Colony of North Carolina Tyrrell County

Dated 20 September 1744

In the name of God Amen. The twentieth Day of September in the year of our Lord God Everlasting one thousand seven hundred forty fore I Robert Lanier of the County of Terril and province of North Carilina planter being werry sick and weak of body but of perfect mind and memory all praise be given to God thearefore calling to mind the mortality of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to die do make ordain this to be my last will and testament that is to say principaly and first of all I give recommend my soul into the hands of God that gave it and ____ my body I commend it to the Earth to be buried in a Cristian like manner att the descresion of my Executors nothing doughting but att the Generall Resurection I shal receive the same again by the myty power of God touching such worldly Estate wharewith it haf pleased God to bless me in this life I give devise and depose of the same in the following manner First I do order and define that all my just debts and my funeral charges be fully paid dicharged and satisfied and legases paid.

Item - I will and bequeath to my beloved wife Sarah my Negro man named Jack and my negro woman named Nan forever likewise six cows and calfs and what stears belonging to my one Stock and the household furniture to her my said wife Sarah I likewise give the use of this my manner plantation to my beloved wife Sarah during her natural life and no longer.

Item - to my beloved daughter Jean I give one shiling Sterling money.

Item - to my beloved daughter Elizebeth I give one shiling Sterling money.

Item - to my beloved daughter Sarah I give one shiling Sterling money

Item - to my beloved daughter Anna Narah(?) Cristanah I give one shiling Sterling money

Item - to the lawful Estane of my daughter Grase I give one shiling sterling money.

Item - to my beloved daughter Samariah(?) I give one shiling Sterling money

Item - I will and bequeath to my beloved son William Lanier one bibele.

Item - I will and bequeath to my beloved son John Lanier one bibele

Item - I will and bequeath to my grandson Robert Daniel(?) my female negro child named Hannah.

Item - I will and bequeath to my grandson John Bryan one yerling hefer and the increase to be lefte in the care of my two sons afore mentioned til he arive at the age of twenty and one years.

Item - to my grandaughter Sarah Gilbert I ratife and confirm ____ that I formerly gave it being a yerling hefer which I desire may remain in the care of my beloved wife til she arive at the age of eighteen years or on her marrage day.

Item - to my grandaughter Mary Gilbert when she doth arive at the age of eighteen years or her marriage day I give and bequeath one yerling hefer and the increase to be left in the care of my beloved wife.

Item - Lifewise I desire yt my tools may be equaly divided to the use of my too sons and my grandson Robert Daniel.

Item - to the two orphan children raised in my house namly An Brown and Micaul Check I give and bequeath a yerling heffer each of them to be delivered at the discretion of my Executors to _ay the increase likewise

Item - to my grandson Adam Lanier I give one cow and calf.

Item - Likewise the remainder of my cattle after my legcases is all paid is to equaly devided between my two sons Wm Lanier and [John Lanier]

{several lines not readable}........will and desire that thear may be no misinterpitation or rong constructions put on this my last will and testiment but it may be understod I do nominate chose and apoint my beloved wife Sarah to be Executrix and my beloved son Wm Lanier and my beloved son John Lanier to be executors of this my last will and Testament

Robert Lanier

Sined Selead Published and Declared in the presense of us.

Wm Willis Robert Lanier Daniel John Lanier

Tyrrel County March Court 1744

Then the within will of Robert Lanier was proved in open court by the oaths of Robert Lanier Daniel and John Lanier Evidences thereto.

Test Thos. Lee Clerk Court

And at the same time William Lanier qualified as executor to the within will by taking the Executors Oath in due form of Law. Ordered that the Honorable Nathl Rice Esqr. Secretary have notice hereof that lrs. may issue accordingly Test Thos. Lee Clerk Court

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Robert Lanier, Jr.'s Timeline

August 21, 1678
St. Michael's Parish, Barbados, West Indies
Age 19
Prince George or Surry Co. Virginia
Age 21
Prince George, Virginia
Age 23
Prince George, Virginia
Age 25
Prince George, Virginia
Age 28
Prince George, Virginia
Age 44
Surry, Virginia
Age 44
Tyrrell District, North Carolina
September 20, 1744
Age 66
Tyrrell County, North Carolina